درس 8


ردیف

واژه

معنی

نقش گرامری

1

hug/hʌg/

بغل کردن در آغوش گرفتن

فعل

She gathered it in a hug and smelled deeply of it.
The look on his face made her want to hug him and ease his fear.

embrace  cuddle  squeeze  clasp  clutch

2

laugh/læf/

خندیدن

فعل

Don't laugh at me!
It felt good to laugh after the events of the past week.

chuckle  chortle  guffaw  giggle  titter

3

out loud/aʊt laʊd/

بلند با صدای بلند

قید

4

sulk/sʌlk/

ترشرویی کردن اوقات تلخی کردن، عبوس بودن

فعل

He appeared to sulk for a moment then grew thoughtful.
She had gone home to sulk causing, in her mind, Fred to suffer hours of grief and agony from her selfish inaction.

mope  brood  pout  be sullen  have a long face

5

mope/moʊp/

غصه خوردن نالیدن، خودخوری کردن، محزون بودن

فعل

Many authorities attempt to restrain visitors from feeding the animals in their charge, but such a restriction, even if practicable, is not all gain, for animals in captivity are less inclined to mope, and are more intelligent and tamer, if they become accustomed to regard visitors as pleasant sources of tit-bits.
If you're feeling lonely, don't just sit home and mope.

brood  sulk  be miserable  be gloomy  be sad

6

lose one's temper/luz wʌnz ˈtɛmpər/

از کوره در رفتن عصبانی شدن

عبارت

become very angry  fly into a rage  explode  blow up  erupt

7

hang up/hæŋ ʌp/

(تلفن را) قطع کردن

فعل

neurosis  preoccupation  fixation  obsession  phobia

8

yell/jel/

داد زدن فریاد زدن

فعل

I didn't mean to yell at you, but you nearly scared me to death.
Kiki's yell was pain-filled.

cry  yelp  call  shout  howl

9

reaction/riˈækʃən/

واکنش انفعال، عکس العمل

اسم

We could tell by his reaction the news wasn't good.
When she saw my reaction, she added.

response
answer  reply  rejoinder  retort  riposte
feedback
comeback
clapback
backlash

10

emotional intelligence/ɪˌmoʊʃənl ɪnˈtelɪdʒəns/

هوش احساسی هوش هیجانی

اسم

11

emotion/ɪˈmoʊ.ʃən/

احساس عاطفه

اسم

Human emotion could only complicate that.
She loved human emotion, but she hated the doubt and insecurity she felt.

feeling  sentiment  sensation
reaction  response
passion  intensity

12

intelligent/ɪnˈtel.ə.dʒənt/

باهوش زیرکانه

صفت

They're intelligent kids — good kids.
I want someone who can contribute intelligent conversation, not grovel at my feet.

clever  bright  brilliant  sharp  quick

13

appropriately/əˈproʊ.priː.ət.li/

درخور به طور مناسب

قید

The other lizard is one which most appropriately has.
His reign was remarkable for its manifold and far-reaching reforms. Sweden's existing communal law (1862), ecclesiastical law (1863) and criminal law (1864) were enacted appropriately enough under the direction of a king whose motto was: "Build up the land upon the laws!"

suitable  proper  fitting  apt
relevant  connected

14

express/ɪkˈspres/

بیان کردن اظهار کردن، ابراز کردن

فعل

I cannot find words to express to you my displeasure.
At the time she had thought he was trying to express his love.

communicate  convey  indicate  show  demonstrate

15

clearly/ˈklɪr.li/

(به طور) واضح (به طور) صریح

قید

Man's clearly a homophobe.
His expression was clearly displeased.

intelligibly  plainly  distinctly  comprehensibly  understandably

16

optimistic/ˌɑp.təˈmɪs.tɪk/

خوش‌بینانه خوش‌بین

صفت

I think that's an optimistic count of the number of participants.
Jorge was optimistic and always saw the best in every situation.

cheerful  cheery  positive  confident  hopeful

17

positive/ˈpɑz.ət̬.ɪv/

مثبت خوش‌بین، خوش‌بینانه

صفت

Think positive, and pray.
I'm positive she didn't notice us the first time.

affirmative  favourable  approving  in the affirmative  good

18

self-esteem/ˌself ɪˈstiːm/

عزت نفس

اسم

self-respect  self-regard  pride in one's abilities  pride in oneself abilities  faith in oneself

19

self-awareness/ˌself əˈwernəs/

خودآگاهی

اسم

The Magician: This car symbolizes strong self-awareness, and being conscious of the consequences of actions taken.
Therapies focus on teaching self-awareness, alternate coping skills, behavior modification, and improved communication skills.

20

decisive/dɪˈsaɪsɪv/

قطعی قاطع، مهم، جدی

صفت

His decisive whisper was husky.
The decisive moment has arrived.

resolute  firm  strong-minded  strong-willed  determined
dogged

21

impulsive/ɪmˈpʌlsɪv/

عجولانه بدون فکر (قبلی)، عجول، بی‌فکر

صفت

Had his offer been as impulsive as her acceptance?
We are thus led to the following statement: the change of kinetic energy due to any system of impulsive forces is equal to the sum of the products of the several forces into the semisum of the initial and final velocities of their respective points of application, resolved in the directions of the forces.

impetuous  spontaneous  hasty  passionate  emotional

22

jealousy/ˈʤɛləsi/

حسادت رشک

اسم

It was nothing but pure jealousy that guided her thoughts – and fear of losing him.
52), and David soon became both a popular hero and an object of jealousy to Saul.

envy  enviousness  covetousness  desire
resentment  resentfulness

23

jealous/ˈdʒel.əs/

حسود

صفت

She doesn't have any reason to be jealous of me.
But how could he be jealous, agree to send her away and make out with another woman?

envious  covetous  desirous
resentful  grudging  begrudging
jaundiced

24

manage/ˈmænɪdʒ/

مدیریت کردن گرداندن، اداره کردن

فعل

be in charge of  run  be head of  head  direct

25

guilty/ˈgɪl.ti/

شرمسار شرمنده

صفت

The men are as guilty as she is.
The old man feels he is guilty, but cannot change himself.

culpable  to blame  blameworthy  blameable  at fault

26

ashamed/əˈʃeɪmd/

خجالت‌زده شرمنده

صفت

I was ashamed of my desire.
"But the Christians offer up prayers for them, that they may turn from their error; and when one of them turns, he is ashamed before the Christians of the deeds that were done by him, and he confesses to God saying: ` In ignorance I did these things '; and he cleanses his heart, and his sins are forgiven him, because he did them in ignorance in former time, when he was blaspheming the true knowledge of the Christians."

sorry  shamefaced  abashed  sheepish  guilty

27

aggressive/əˈgres.ɪv/

پرخاشگر پرخاشگرانه، تندخو

صفت

True to his word, he was aggressive without hurting her.
But in spite of his aggressive behavior, she felt safe with him.

hostile  belligerent  bellicose  antagonistic  truculent
pugnacious

28

upset/ʌpˈset/

ناراحت کردن دلخور کردن

فعل

The kid was already too upset about something.
I've said something to upset you.

distress  trouble  perturb  disturb  discompose

29

cope/koʊp/

از پس (چیزی یا کسی) برآمدن تحمل کردن، ساختن (با وضع و ...)

فعل

The cope presented to the cathedral treasury by Pope Nicholas IV.
The rochet is worn without the chimere under the cope by those bishops who use this vestment.

manage  survive  subsist  look after oneself  fend for oneself

30

aggression/əˈgrɛʃən/

پرخاشگری خشونت

اسم

His kiss had been an act of aggression, not passion.
The leaders of the national movement prepared to resist further aggression by force.

hostility  aggressiveness  belligerence  bellicosity  antagonism

31

angry/ˈæŋ.gri/

عصبانی ناراحت

صفت

They were angry because their plans had been discovered.
Are you angry with me?

irate  annoyed  cross  vexed  irritated

32

upset/ʌpˈset/

ناراحت دلخور

صفت

The kid was already too upset about something.
I've said something to upset you.

distress  trouble  perturb  disturb  discompose

33

motivation/ˌmoʊtəˈveɪʃən/

انگیزه

اسم

Determination was her motivation to stand up to the bully.
Perhaps you need some motivation to do what you should.

motive  motivating force  incentive  stimulus  stimulation

34

motivated/ˈmoʊt̬.əˌveɪt̬.ɪd/

باانگیزه

صفت

I feel motivated to help you.
Whatever motivated him, it was certainly delightful.

prompt  drive  move  inspire  stimulate

35

realistic/ˌriːəˈlɪstɪk/

واقع‌بین واقع‌بینانه

صفت

For some reason, he experienced a very realistic vision.
You're supposed to be taking care of me, but that isn't realistic 100% of the time, is it?

practical  pragmatic  matter-of-fact  down-to-earth  sensible

36

confidence/ˈkɑnfədəns/

اعتماد به نفس اعتماد

اسم

Confidence returned with a warm rush.
"I'm ready," she said with more confidence than she felt.

trust  belief  faith  credence  conviction
reliance

37

determination/dɪˌtɜr.mɪˈneɪ.ʃən/

عزم اراده

اسم

Determination was her motivation to stand up to the bully.
A familiar look of determination was on her upturned face.

resolution  resolve  resoluteness
will power  strength of will  strength of character

38

self-discipline/ˌself ˈdɪsəplɪn/

تادیب نفس کنترل نفس، انضباط نفس

اسم

The child is learning to balance his or her need for independence, self-discipline, and exploration and the need for love and protection from the primary caregiver.
Self-discipline is crucial, since you'll be expected to pace yourself to complete all assignments on time and take the initiative to seek help if you need assistance with a particular aspect of the course content.

self-control  self-mastery  control
restraint  self-restraint
will power  strength of will

39

happy/ˈhæp.i/

خوشحال شاد، خوشبخت، خوب، خوش

صفت

Are you trying to say that you're not happy with your success?
It must be a beautiful and happy place; and I wish to know all about it.

40

empathy/ˈɛmpəθi/

همدلی هم احساسی

اسم

She'd been incapable of empathy or remorse.
I did not have empathy for the characters.

41

sad/sæd/

غمگین ناراحت، غم‌انگیز، ناراحت‌کننده

صفت

She clearly felt sad to see this day end.
He has sad eyes, like me.

42

depressing/dəˈpres.ɪŋ/

غم‌انگیز افسرده‌کننده

صفت

I'm not overly anxious to get back on that depressing ship.
Of course it was depressing, and he must be feeling pretty bad right now.

43

sympathetic/ˌsɪmpəˈθɛtɪk/

دلسوز مهربان

صفت

I'm afraid I wasn't very sympathetic, though.
She leaned against his chest for a moment, comforted by his sympathetic embrace.

44

sensitive/ˈsɛnsətɪv/

حساس

صفت

Well; sometimes girls are more sensitive about things.
I didn't realize you were so sensitive about it.

45

flexible/ˈflɛksəbəl/

انعطاف‌پذیر

صفت

46

grief/griːf/

غم و اندوه

اسم

To the grief of his mother he left the Roman church.
She exhibited great grief at his death.

47

hate/heɪt/

تنفر نفرت

اسم

I hate peanut butter.
He was beginning to hate the cold.

48

anger/ˈæŋ.gər/

خشم

اسم

I took all my frustration and anger out on you.
Dusty echoed, anger burning through him.

49

honesty/ˈɑn.ə.sti/

صداقت

اسم

50

honest/ˈɑn.ɪst/

صادق راستگو، صادقانه

صفت

His honest answer silenced her.
He deserved an honest answer about her response.

51

confident/ˈkɑnfədənt/

با اعتماد به نفس

صفت

The speakers were confident communicators.
She was a confident swimmer.

52

depression/dəˈpreʃ.ən/

افسردگی

اسم

She hadn't recognized it as depression then, though.
Physical ills were miserable, but this depression was unbearable.

53

determined/dɪˈtɝmɪnd/

مصمم قاطع

صفت

Elihu Burritt was a poor boy who was determined to learn.
He's determined to keep me.

54

flexibility/ˌflek.səˈbɪl.ə.t̬i/

انعطاف‌پذیری انعطاف

اسم

This flexibility is not to be found in his manner of composition.
Under the first set of conditions quickness and flexibility of service are relatively more important than under the second set.

55

guilt/gɪlt/

احساس گناه

اسم

She wasn't about to live with the guilt of hurting yet a third person she cared about.
A shadow of guilt darkened his eyes.

culpability  guiltiness  blameworthiness  wrongdoing  wrong

56

happiness/ˈhæp.iː.nəs/

خوشحالی خوشبختی

اسم

I wish you all the happiness you so deserve.
Is being in control so important that you're willing to sacrifice the happiness of your only son?

contentment  pleasure  contentedness  satisfaction  cheerfulness

57

realism/ˈriːəlɪzəm/

واقع‌گرایی رئالیسم

اسم

His realism enables him to maintain the reality of Time, and so of the process of the world's redemption.
It is thus opposed both to natural realism and to idealism.

pragmatism  practicality  matter-of-factness  common sense  level-headedness

58

sadness/ˈsæd.nəs/

غم حزن، ناراحتی، غمگینی

اسم

There was sadness in her voice.
Nothing could explain the sadness she felt at that discovery.

unhappiness  sorrow  dejection  regret  depression

59

self-disciplined/sɛlf-ˈdɪsəplənd/

خودمنضبط دارای کنترل نفس

صفت

The Law School seeks students who are self-disciplined, academically qualified and motivated to succeed in their law studies.
Nevertheless, if you're a self-disciplined gym disciple with a penchant for high-protein diets, then chances are you look stunning in this style, which is usually dominated by toned teenage girls.

60

sensitivity/ˌsɛnsɪˈtɪvɪti/

حساسیت

اسم

They can be connected to sensors whose sensitivity dwarfs anything a human can do.
The rocks were deceptively sharp and the coldness of the water increased the sensitivity of the soles of her feet.

responsiveness  sensitiveness  reactivity
susceptibility  vulnerability
reactiveness  susceptivity

61

shame/ʃeɪm/

شرم شرمساری، خجالت

اسم

There's no shame in being poor.
The man's face was red with shame this time.

humiliation  mortification  chagrin  ignominy  loss of face

62

sympathy/ˈsɪm.pə.θi/

همدردی ترحم

اسم

I've received too much sympathy in the last few weeks.
His sympathy only made matters worse and she hiccupped.

commiseration  pity  condolence  consolation  comfort



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