درس 5


ردیف

واژه

معنی

نقش گرامری

1

seat belt/sit bɛlt/

کمربند ایمنی (اتومبیل، هواپیما و ...)

اسم

2

cell phone/ˈsel.foʊn/

تلفن همراه موبایل

اسم

3

motorcycle/ˈmoʊt̬.ərˌsɑɪ.kəl/

موتورسیکلت

اسم

However, talented artists can usually blend designs together with little to no problem.The person who is nervous about adding a fairy to a motorcycle tattoo may want to give a temporary tattoo a "test drive" before doing anything permanent.
Because of this, it's important that you take each feature of your potential investment in your own eyesight into careful consideration before making a decision on one of the most important accessories you can purchase for your motorcycle.

4

get rid of/gɛt rɪd ɒv/

از شر (چیزی) خلاص شدن

فعل

dispose of  do away with  throw away  throw out  toss out

5

litter/ˈlɪtər/

زباله

اسم

The Mahmal, a kind of covered litter, first originated by Queen Sheger-ed-Dur, is brought into the city in procession, though not with as much pomp as when it leaves with the pilgrims. These and other processions have lost much of their effect since the extinction of the Mamelukes, and the gradual disuse of gorgeous dress for the retainers of the,, officers of state.
A mulch of half-decayed stable litter is useful to prevent loss of moisture in summer.

rubbish  refuse  junk  waste  debris

6

garbage/ˈgɑr.bɪdʒ/

زباله آشغال

اسم

I thought you left some garbage and I burned it.
She turned to see him hauling a garbage bag.

rubbish  refuse  domestic refuse  waste  waste material

7

rule/ruːl/

قانون

اسم

But I didn't make that rule up.
I always make it a rule to speak out.

regulation  ruling  directive  order  court order

8

regulation/ˌreɡjuˈleɪʃn/

مقررات آیین‌نامه، تنظیمات

اسم

He advocated freedom of the corn trade, reduction of the number of religious communities, and deprecated regulation of the interest on loans.
More pressing even than that question was the regulation of local government.

rule  ruling  order  directive  act

9

majority/məˈʤɔrəti/

اکثریت

اسم

It's also covered by the majority of Memon's army.
Some columns, supposing they had reached their destination, halted, piled arms, and settled down on the cold ground, but the majority marched all night and arrived at places where they evidently should not have been.

larger number  larger part  greater number  greater part  major part

10

law/lɔ/

قانون علم حقوق، حقوق

اسم

In contrast, courts of law apply the law to everyone.
But the law of history relates to man.

rules and regulations  system of laws  body of laws  constitution  legislation

11

permit/pərˈmɪt/

اجازه دادن مجاز بودن

فعل

The permit is withdrawn if the clearance is not obtained within three years.
His companions refused to permit him to surrender and were resolved to die.

allow  let  authorize  give someone authorization  give someone leave

12

engage/ɛnˈgeɪʤ/

مشغول شدن درگیر کردن، درگیر شدن

فعل

He may not engage in any business.
Another class of subjects was now to engage his attention.

capture  catch  arrest  grab  seize

13

restricted/rɪˈstrɪktɪd/

محدود کنترل شده

صفت

cramped  confined  constricted  small  narrow

14

ban/bæn/

قدغن کردن تحریم کردن، ممنوع کردن

فعل

They may try to ban you from day trading given the current climate.
That the encouragement of the Slav aspirations was soon deliberately adopted as a weapon against the Hungarian government was due, partly to the speedy predominance at Pest of Kossuth and the extreme party of which he was the mouthpiece, but mainly to the calculated policy of Baron Jellachich, who on the 14th of April was appointed ban of Croatia.

prohibit  forbid  veto  proscribe  disallow

15

allow/əˈlɑʊ/

اجازه دادن

فعل

Allow me to give you a piece of advice.
They allow us to lead as normal of a life as possible.

permit  let  authorize  give someone permission to  give authorization to

16

ought to/ɔt tu/

باید

فعل

17

should/ʃʊd/

باید اجبار داشتن، بایستن

فعل

She should wash them, but there wasn't time.
It should be ready now.

18

have to/hæv tu/

باید [برای بیان لزوم]

فعل

19

crime/kraɪm/

جرم جنایت

اسم

You're not accused of any crime so I'm not harboring any fugitives.
We won't go anywhere near the crime scene; ever.

offence  unlawful act  illegal act  breach of the law  infraction of the law

20

punishment/ˈpʌnɪʃmənt/

مجازات تنبیه

اسم

"What will the punishment be, Mr. Johnson?" asked a bold, bad boy.
No other punishment fell on the man.

penalizing  punishing  disciplining
retribution  damnation
chastising  chastisement
penalty

21

shoplifter/ˈʃɑːplɪftər/

دزد مغازه/فروشگاه

اسم

apprehending a shoplifter galloping along Midsummer Boulevard.
The store has specific policies in place to arrest shoplifters and has to follow local laws in order to stop the shoplifter.

22

fine/fɑɪn/

جریمه کردن

فعل

This is a fine meal, do you think?
That would be fine with me.

excellent  first-class  first-rate  great  exceptional

23

get caught/gɛt kɑt/

گیر افتادن گرفتار شدن، دستگیر شدن

فعل

24

steal/stiːl/

دزدیدن

فعل

Your goal is to steal a necklace with a red gem on it.
If they do, it will be to steal my ore.

purloin  thieve  take  take for oneself  help oneself to

25

jail/dʒeɪl/

زندان

اسم

prison  penal institution  place of detention  lock-up  place of confinement

26

get sentenced/gɛt ˈsɛntənst/

محکوم شدن

عبارت

27

murder/ˈmɜːrdər/

قتل (عمد)

اسم

The murder happened days, maybe weeks ago.
His murder was someone else's headache.

killing  homicide  assassination  liquidation  extermination

28

killing/ˈkɪl.ɪŋ/

قتل

اسم

The way we're operating is killing us.
He hadn't thought it as harsh as it was, just like he thought nothing of killing anything in his path, but seeing the look on a normal human's face reminded him he'd been close to losing what humanity he possessed for quite a while.

murder  taking of life  assassination  homicide  manslaughter

29

commit/kəˈmɪt/

مرتکب شدن صورت گرفتن (جرم)

فعل

She was admitting to a crime she didn't commit, knowing it was her son who did it.
Before you commit to a number, think of this.

carry out  do  perform  perpetrate  engage in

30

armed robbery/ɑrmd ˈrɑbəri/

سرقت مسلحانه

اسم

31

gun/gʌn/

تفنگ اسلحه

اسم

I never shot a gun in my life.
He raised his gun and fired at the great beast.

firearm  weapon
shooter  cannon
piece  heater  gat

32

knife/nɑɪf/

چاقو کارد

اسم

A knife is an instrument to cut with.
He grabbed a butter knife and began spreading jelly on a biscuit.

cutting tool  blade  cutter  carver
stab  hack

33

prison/ˈprɪzn/

زندان

اسم

My prison had only a kerosene lamp for light.
He died in the fortress prison of San Leo in 1795.

jail  penal institution  place of detention  lock-up  place of confinement

34

take someone captive/teɪk ˈsʌmˌwʌn ˈkæptɪv/

گروگان گرفتن

عبارت

35

kidnapper/ˈkɪdˌnæpər/

آدم‌ربا

اسم

The kidnapper was the child's mother, a drug addict, who no longer had custody and tried to spirit her daughter away.
Did you notice they didn't catch the kidnapper?

36

vandalism/ˈvændəlɪzəm/

تخریب آثار عمومی و باارزش وندالیسم

اسم

The forest is now protected as a national reserve against vandalism and commercialism.
These acts of vandalism took place throughout Egypt, but in the distant mines of Sinai the cartouches of Hatshepsut are untouched.

37

graffiti/ɡrəˈfiːti/

دیوارنگاری گرافیتی، نقاشی دیواری

اسم

Graffiti of pilgrims to the shrine of Isis are dated as late as the end of the 5th century A.D.
In rare cases during the Middle Kingdom (inscriptions in the tomb of Ameni at Beth Hasan, graffiti in the quarries of Hanub) documents were dated in the years of reign of these feudatory nobles.

38

break into/breɪk ˈɪntu/

به زود وارد شدن

فعل

burgle  rob
force one's way into  burst into
interrupt  butt into  cut in on

39

burglar/ˈbɜːrɡlər/

دزد سارق

اسم

Other changes included a larger foyer, new plumbing, a new heating system, and a burglar alarm system.
You install a burglar alarm to protect your house.

housebreaker  robber  cat burglar  raider  looter

40

put on probation/pʊt ɑn proʊˈbeɪʃən/

آزادی مشروط خوردن

عبارت

41

get arrested/gɛt əˈrɛstəd/

دستگیر شدن

عبارت

42

lose/luːz/

از دست دادن

فعل

I lose some cattle every year.
What could he do about it but lose more sleep?

mislay  misplace  be unable to find
drop  forget  overlook

43

license/ˈlaɪ·sənts/

گواهی‌نامه مدرک

اسم

I reported the license plate number to him.
I read the license plate.

permit  allow  authorize  give a licence to  grant a licence to

44

fine/fɑɪn/

جریمه غرامت

اسم

This is a fine meal, do you think?
That would be fine with me.

excellent  first-class  first-rate  great  exceptional

45

against/əˈgenst/

مخالف علیه، بر ضد

حرف اضافه

I don't have to defend myself against Alex.
What do you have against me?

opposed to  in opposition to  hostile to  averse to  antagonistic towards

46

offence/əˈfɛns/

تخلف جرم، قانون‌شکنی

اسم

SIMONY, an offence, defined below, against the law of the church.
No offence sport, but when is the last time you looked in the mirror?

crime  illegal act  unlawful act  misdemeanour  breach of the law

47

fair/fer/

منصفانه عادلانه، منصف

صفت

just  equitable  fair-minded  open-minded  honest

48

enforce/ɪnˈfɔːrs/

به اجرا درآوردن پیش بردن

فعل

All attempts to enforce the British commercial regulations were ineffectual.
According to law military service is obligatory, but the government has been unable to enforce it.

impose  apply  carry out  administer  implement

49

penalty/ˈpenəlti/

جریمه تنبیه، غرامت

اسم

He is paying the penalty for the loss of a hundred thousand innocent lives.
Last night's penalty hadn't been that bad.

punishment  sanction  punitive action  retribution  penance
fine

50

jaywalking/ˈdʒeɪwɔːkɪŋ/

عبور از محل غیرمجاز خیابان

اسم

51

vandal/ˈvændəl/

خرابکار

اسم

The town was taken by the Vandal Genseric in A.D.
The Vandal king Genseric, however, after all overtures of peace had been rejected, succeeded through the treachery of certain officers in surprising the Roman fleet, most of the ships being either taken or destroyed.

52

punish/ˈpʌn.ɪʃ/

تنبیه کردن مجازات کردن

فعل

I can neither punish him if he does wrong nor reward him if he does right.
We must punish the villain who has caused the ruin of Moscow.

penalize  discipline  mete out punishment to  bring someone to book  teach someone a lesson

53

sentence/ˈsen.t̬əns/

حکم

اسم

He typed a short sentence, and then stopped.
Finally, in the trial of the king he demanded, with the Girondists, that the sentence should be pronounced by a vote of the whole people, and not simply by the Convention.

judgement  ruling  pronouncement  decision  determination

54

kidnapping/ˈkɪdˌnæpɪŋ/

آدم‌ربایی ربایش

اسم

Our major success was our first kidnapping for ransom.
Saying that might go further toward getting him to forget the kidnapping and murder and going on with his life.

abduct  carry off  capture  seize  snatch

55

arrest/əˈrest/

دستگیر کردن بازداشت کردن

فعل

They could arrest and imprison.
Why don't you arrest both of us?

apprehend  take into custody  seize  take in  take prisoner

56

speeding/ˈspiːdɪŋ/

سرعت غیرمجاز رانندگی پرسرعت

اسم

She was getting a little dehydrated, so they were speeding up the IV.
She fled around him and into the car, locking the doors and speeding away from the cottage.

rate  pace  tempo  momentum
rapidity  swiftness

57

rob/rɑːb/

دزدی کردن

فعل

Rob rode up beside her.
For a moment she thought he was going to say something to Rob, but his attention returned to the food on his plate.

burgle  steal from  hold up  break into
raid  loot

58

murderer/ˈmɜːrdərər/

قاتل آدم‌کش

اسم

That murderer confessed to the authorities.
A single case of homicide often leads to a series of similar crimes or to protracted warfare between neighbouring families and communities; the murderer, as a rule, takes refuge in the mountains from the avenger of blood, or remains for years shut up in his house.

killer, liquidator, terminator, slaughterer
homicide
slayer

59

life in prison/laɪf ɪn ˈprɪzən/

حبس ابد

عبارت

60

shoplifting/ˈʃɑːplɪftɪŋ/

جنس بلند کردن از مغازه دزدی از مغازه

اسم

This group of criminally involved problem users commits very large amounts of shoplifting, burglary and other crime to finance drug purchases.
Owner of regional something snapping and shoplifting suspect and cadet Julian covella.

61

convict/ˈkɑːnvɪkt/

محکوم کردن

فعل

Convict mechanics are rarely found ready made.
The old man was living as a convict, submitting as he should and doing no wrong.

62

burglary/ˈbɜːrɡləri/

دزدی سرقت

اسم

Bobby was assigned to the pending burglary case and Dean had made the arrest.
Malinovsky had been caught in committing burglary and forgery.



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