درس 3


ردیف

واژه

معنی

نقش گرامری

1

dish/dɪʃ/

خوراک

اسم

"I'll make it a dinner dish," said Jim.
Katie washed a dish and rinsed it in silence.

bowl  plate  soup plate  platter  salver
serving dish

2

drink/drɪŋk/

نوشیدنی

اسم

She can drink milk like a real baby.
Drink some of it.

swallow  gulp down  quaff  swill  guzzle

3

song/sɔːŋ/

آهنگ

اسم

I learned a song about spring.
You were singing a different song a few hours ago?

air  strain  ditty  melody  tune

4

music/ˈmjuː.zɪk/

موسیقی

اسم

Would you start the music for me?
The muffled beats of music thumped through her open windows.

notes  strains  tones  chords  sound
tune

5

festival/ˈfes.tə.vəl/

جشنواره فستیوال

اسم

His festival is celebrated on the 8th of July.
They're having a spring festival at the preschool and I'm taking the boys.

fete  fair  gala day  gala  carnival

6

costume/ˈkɑːstuːm/

لباس

اسم

Maybe you should take off that wolf costume and show him how it's done.
That's because your usual costume isn't a costume at all.

outfit  ensemble  suit
dress  clothing  attire

7

symbol/ˈsɪmbəl/

نماد سمبل

اسم

Her hand went to the symbol around her neck.
His eyes went to the symbol at her neck, and one eyebrow shot up.

emblem  token  sign  representation  figure

8

handicraft/ˈhændikræft/

صنایع دستی

اسم

Every member of the congregation of Israel must labour, as God has appointed, at some handicraft or profession to provide for his home.
Such as it was, this was about the only manufacturing or handicraft in California.

craft  handiwork  craftwork
craftsmanship  workmanship  artisanship

9

typical/ˈtɪpəkəl/

کلیشه‌ای همیشگی، معمولی، نوعی

صفت

It was a typical night.
It was a skit about the typical problems faced by both adults and students.

representative  classic  quintessential  archetypal  model

10

locally/ˈloʊkəli/

به طور محلی در محل

قید

This region is locally known as the mattas (forests).
Briefly summarized, the battle came to this - in four successive efforts the Prussians failed because they were locally outnumbered.

11

export/ekˈspɔːrt/

صادر کردن

فعل

There is an export trade in opium.
There is little export of the news with the only means of communication being local travelers.

sell abroad  sell overseas  market abroad  market overseas  send abroad

12

market/ˈmɑr.kɪt/

بازار

اسم

The market is only two blocks away.
There is a large weekly market for grain, and annual horse and cattle fairs.

shopping centre  marketplace  mart  retail outlet  flea market

13

hold/hoʊld/

برگزار کردن

فعل

Can you hold things down for two weeks?
Can you hold lunch for a little bit?

clasp  hold on to  clutch  grasp  grip

14

manner/ˈmæn.ər/

رفتار

اسم

Obviously he thought her manner of dress was too casual.
She carefully laid out the food in an attractive manner and retired to the kitchen.

way  fashion  mode  means  method

15

eat/iːt/

خوردن

فعل

We're going to eat before we leave, and you're going to act grateful.
"I eat in here," he said.

consume  devour  ingest  partake of  gobble

16

subway/ˈsʌb.weɪ/

مترو قطار زیرزمینی

اسم

Then you'd get on the bus or subway and go to the polling place and vote.
The subway was built by the city, but leased and operated by a private company on such terms as to repay its cost in forty years.

underpass  underground passage  pedestrian tunnel  tunnel
underground railway  underground

17

cut in/kˈʌt ˈɪn/

بی‌نوبت وارد صف شدن جلوی کسی در صف (بی‌نوبت) ایستادن

فعل

interrupt  butt in  break in  interject  interpose

18

rude/rud/

بی‌ادب گستاخانه، بی‌ادبی

صفت

It simply wasn't like him to be rude like that.
There they might live in peace and safety while all the country round was overrun by rude and barbarous men.

ill-mannered  bad-mannered  impolite  discourteous  impertinent

19

keep down/kip daʊn/

پایین نگه داشتن از افزایش جلوگیری کردن

فعل

20

in public/ɪn ˈpʌblɪk/

در ملأعام در جمع (مردم)

عبارت

publicly  in full view of people public  in full view of the public  openly  in the open

21

offend/əˈfend/

توهین کردن ناراحت کردن

فعل

I didn't mean to offend you.
Katie tried to suppress it, not wanting to offend her friend, but it escaped.

hurt someone's feelings  give offence to  affront  upset  displease

22

bow/baʊ/

تعظیم کردن

فعل

Her lips were full, a perfect bow, and her large eyes steady and concerned.
Their weapons were the bow and arrow and stones.

incline the body  incline the head  make an obeisance  make a bow  nod

23

shake hands/ʃeɪk hændz/

دست دادن (با کسی)

فعل

24

stare/steər/

زل زدن خیره شدن

فعل

The girl continued to stare at her.
She tried hard not to stare at the men.

gaze  gape  goggle  gawk  glare

25

walk around/wɔk əˈraʊnd/

قدم زدن پیاده‌روی کردن، راه رفتن

فعل

26

barefoot/ˈbɛrˌfʊt/

پابرهنه

صفت

I'm like some poor farm girl, barefoot as the day I was born.
She was barefoot too, remember?

27

have an argument/hæv ən ˈɑrgjəmənt/

جر و بحث کردن

عبارت

28

take off/teɪk ɔf/

در آوردن (لباس و کفش و ...) کندن

فعل

run away  run off  flee  abscond  take flight

29

show/ʃoʊ/

بروز دادن (احساسات) نمایان بودن

فعل

I'll show you where you can sleep.
Almost three-quarters of all defense spending occurs within NATO countries, meaning the alliance is largely the only military show in town.

be visible  be seen  be in view  manifest
appear  be revealed

30

affection/əˈfek.ʃən/

محبت علاقه

اسم

Lifting her chin for his affection, she forced his lips down to hers.
Tim didn't show much affection, even to his thirteen sons.

fondness  love  liking  endearment  feeling

31

hold hands/hoʊld hændz/

دست همدیگر را گرفتن

عبارت

32

kiss/kɪs/

بوسیدن

فعل

Would you like to kiss me? she whispered almost inaudibly, glancing up at him from under her brows, smiling, and almost crying from excitement.
It is like the kiss of warm lips on my face.

plant a kiss on  brush one's lips against  blow a kiss to  air-kiss
peck  give a peck to

33

inappropriate/ˌɪnəˈproʊpriɪt/

نامناسب ناشایست، ناجور

صفت

He was talking and acting in an inappropriate manner.
Carmen, when a man touches and talks to you in an inappropriate matter, you set him straight.

unsuitable  unfitting  ill-suited  unseemly  unbecoming

34

stand/stænd/

ایستادن بلند شدن

فعل

Don't just stand there.
He can't stand to sit around and do nothing.

be on one's feet  be upright  be erect  be vertical
rise  rise to one's feet

35

too/tu/

بیش از حد زیادی

قید

She had to move a few things to make room, but that wasn't too hard.
I'm too warm in this one.

excessively  overly  over  unduly  immoderately

36

close/kloʊz/

نزدیک

صفت

near  adjacent  in close proximity  close at hand  near at hand
not far from

37

acceptable/əkˈsep.tə.bəl/

مناسب درست، پسندیده

صفت

She had continued her classes and was somehow maintaining acceptable grades.
The twins were healthy and acceptable weight, so they released Katie.

satisfactory  adequate  reasonable  quite good  fair

38

tip/tɪp/

انعام

اسم

After a silent prayer, I telephoned the tip line.
Actually, the tip of the tip of the iceberg.

point  end  extremity  head  sharp end

39

cab driver/kæb ˈdraɪvər/

راننده تاکسی

اسم

40

point/pɔɪnt/

اشاره کردن

فعل

There was no point in working herself up this way.
At some point she fell asleep.

tip  sharp end  tapered end  end  extremity
prong

41

customary/ˈkʌstəˌmɛri/

مرسوم معمول

صفت

All else was to him only life's customary routine.
It was customary to wear the highest rank, and the VP trumped Mr. Tim twice over.

usual  traditional  normal  conventional
familiar  accepted

42

bargain/ˈbɑr.gən/

چانه زدن

فعل

Neither was willing to bargain with me for your life.
Our bargain is over.

agreement  arrangement  understanding  deal
contract  pact

43

vendor/ˈvendər/

فروشنده دست‌فروش

اسم

The vendor is usually made to "eat" the charge.
At a farmers' market I recently visited, one vendor boasted that all his chickens "retained their dignity throughout their life."

seller  salesperson  salesman  saleswoman  dealer



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