درس 2


ردیف

واژه

معنی

نقش گرامری

1

makeover/meɪkˈoʊvər/

تغییر اساسی (در ظاهر و ...)

اسم

An extensive makeover of the landside food court is being developed with The Restaurant Group.
Nothing changed, the ' product ' just underwent a makeover.

2

fashion/ˈfæʃ.ən/

مد مدسازی

اسم

We cannot fashion them from machinery.
It's one thing to buy clothes that are in fashion because you like them.

vogue  trend  craze  rage  mania

3

outerwear/ˈaʊtərwer/

لباس بیرونی

اسم

Laura j outerwear isn't much.
The inflation figures show that women's outerwear is less expensive now than it was in the late 1980s.

4

shirt/ʃɜrt/

پیراهن

اسم

"Let's go," Alex said, tucking his shirt into his pants.
She glanced down at her shirt and then laughed with relief.

5

pants/pænts/

شلوار

اسم

His wet pants clung to his legs.
Then I slipped trying to rub mud on my pants to cover it up.

underpants  briefs  Y-fronts  boxer shorts  boxers

6

footwear/ˈfʊtwer/

پاپوش کفش

اسم

He's barefoot after he leaves his shoes on the beach and needs some kind of footwear so he might as well get bike shoes; after all, he's biking.
antistatic footwear and clothing and floors should be of the conducting type.

7

accessory/əkˈsesəri/

لوازم جانبی

اسم

There are no accessory generative organs.
The ordinary accessory minerals of igneous rocks, apatite, in Great Britain and the continent of Europe.

attachment  extra  addition  add-on  retrofit

8

selection/səˈlek.ʃən/

مجموعه

اسم

The natural selection process is survival of the fittest.
For English readers the selection in G.

choice  pick  option  preference  election
range

9

leather/ˈleð.ər/

چرم

اسم

She sank into the softness of her leather chair.
She sat in the living room as masculine as he, surrounded by wood, wool, and leather in dark colors.

skin  hide
beat  strap  belt  thrash

10

suede/sweɪd/

جیر (پارچه)

اسم

The walls were covered in suede, she realized as she placed a hand against one.
His suede pants clung to long, thick thighs and were tucked into heavy boots.

11

jacket/ˈdʒæk.ɪt/

کت ژاکت

اسم

Inside his leather jacket it was warm and cozy - falsely secure.
Placing a cigarette in the corner of his mouth, his long fingers then searched the pockets of his brown tweed jacket and finally emerged with a match.

wrapping  wrapper  wrap  sleeve  sheath

12

luxury/ˈlʌgʒəri/

تجمل لوکس

اسم

Towers and temples are the luxury of princes.
She relaxed in the luxury of leather seat covers and a smooth ride, content simply to watch him drive.

opulence  luxuriousness  sumptuousness  richness  costliness

13

cashmere/ˈkæʒmɪr/

پشم کشمیر

اسم

Katie asked, lifting a cashmere sweater.
"You look happier than a moth on a cashmere sweater," Fred said.

14

scarf/skɑrf/

شال (گردن) روسری، مقنعه

اسم

She pulled the scarf from her neck and wiped her face.
Rhyn pulled the scarf he hated from her neck.

muffler
headscarf  headsquare  square
stole  tippet
neckerchief  kerchief

15

silk/sɪlk/

ابریشم

اسم

She wore silk pajamas and a woolen sweater.
Their bodies were slick with sweat, and she lingered in the afterglow, lost in the heat and silk of his skin.

16

tie/taɪ/

کراوات

اسم

You have to tie the bales by hand, though.
Here, tie the rope around your waist.

bind  tie up  tether  hitch  strap

17

wool/wʊl/

پشم

اسم

Wool grows on sheep.
The most important internal industries are in wool and frozen meat.

fleece, hair, coat
floccus


18

turtleneck/ˈtɜːrtlnek/

یقه اسکی

اسم

Darian lay on his back staring at the ceiling with brooding golden eyes, his horribly scarred body hidden under turtleneck and gloves and socks, even in the safety of his room.
Hannah.s boots were white, her cream slacks and camel turtleneck completing her flawless look.

19

v-neck/ˈviː nek/

یقه هفت

اسم

While the loose-fitting cardigan was also trendy in this era, coming into its own as part of the classic twinset, many cardigans were still cut to be V-neck fitted garments that accentuated curves while hugging the waist.
Tattoos peeked from the V-neck of the T-shirt.

nape  scruff
cervix
scrag  halse
kiss  caress  pet
smooch

20

sweater/ˈswet̬.ər/

ژاکت پلیور

اسم

21

long-sleeved/lɔŋ slivd/

آستین بلند دارای آستین‌های بلند

صفت

His long, sleek hair was tied in a tight braid, and despite the cold and wind he wore only a long-sleeved sweater that hugged the muscles of his arms and shoulders beneath a down vest.
She looked decent in jeans and a long-sleeved shirt.

22

cotton/ˈkɑtən/

پنبه‌ای (پارچه) کتان، نخی

اسم

Cotton has pretty white and red flowers on it.
Its chief exports are of cotton, hemp, sugar and stone.

23

top/tɑːp/

تاپ بلوز بالاتنه

اسم

You're already at the top of your class.
He straddled a chair and leaned his arms across the top of it while he sipped his coffee.

summit  peak  pinnacle  crest  crown

24

solid/ˈsɑləd/

خالص (ماده، رنگ) یک دست، یک رنگ

صفت

Once again the rear end was on solid ground.
The wooden planks were old and weathered, but felt solid enough.

hard  rock-hard  rigid  firm  solidified

25

neon green/ˈniɑn grin/

سبز فسفری سبز شبرنگ

اسم

26

dark/dɑːrk/

تیره پررنگ (توصیف رنگ)

صفت

He looked tall and lean in a dark suit.
At the kitchen door she nearly ran into a dark form.

black  pitch black  pitch dark  inky  jet black

27

light/lɑɪt/

روشن (رنگ) کمرنگ

صفت

She handed him a light blue shirt.
He flipped on the light and Lisa turned to get some coffee cups.

illumination  brightness  luminescence  luminosity  shining

28

denim/ˈden.əm/

لباس جین (شلوار و ...) لی

اسم

He looked like a rancher in his faded denim jeans and plaid shirt.
His shoulders swayed gracefully, the open denim jacket swinging loosely in the breeze.

29

jeans/dʒiːnz/

شوار جین شوار لی

اسم

Bianca put on a pair of jeans and a T-shirt.
She grabbed her sack of clothes and scrambled into jeans and a sweater.

denims, blue jeans
cut-offs
Levi's, Wranglers

30

boot-cut/ˈbuːt kʌt/

دم پا گشاد

صفت

Look for fashion tips that target women with straight shapes, such as wearing v-neck shirts, flared or trumpet skirts, layers, boot cut pants, and so on.
The boot-cut jean has been popular for quite some time, while the Levi's 501 look remains a staple in popular culture.

31

flared/flerd/

فون

صفت

Light flared suddenly behind her, and she turned curiously.
Her eyes flared with light.

blaze  flash  dazzle  glare  burst
unsteady flame

32

fitted/ˈfɪtɪd/

اندازه متناسب

صفت

shaped  contoured  fitting tightly  fitting well
contour
built-in  integral

33

baggy/ˈbæɡi/

گشاد

صفت

e or s^ do r La s y ou El Baggy pple ?t d °l.
Leg width: Some trunks are designed to be more form-fitting than others and may be uncomfortably tight around the thighs, while others may be too baggy and prone to twisting or bubbling for individual tastes.

loose-fitting  loose  roomy  generously cut  full

34

short-sleeved/ʃɔrt-slivd/

آستین کوتاه

صفت

Do you have a short-sleeved shirt in there for me?
He wore khakis and a short-sleeved shirt.

35

striped/straɪpt/

راه راه

صفت

The striped hyena is scattered over the country sparsely.
Dorothy was too dazed to say much, but she watched one of Jim's big ears turn to violet and the other to rose, and wondered that his tail should be yellow and his body striped with blue and orange like the stripes of a zebra.

banded  stripy  barred  lined
streaky  striated

36

polyester/ˌpɑˌliˈɛstər/

پلی استر

اسم

They'd gone shopping at the local Goodwill for their polyester outfits.
Kiera settled at an uncomfortable angle, the sandpapery red roofing snagging her polyester disco clothing and preventing her from sliding over the nearby edge of the three-story row house.

37

floral-print/ˈflɔrəl-prɪnt/

با طرح گلدار (پارچه) گل گلی

صفت

38

plaid/plæd/

چهارخانه (طرح پارچه) شطرنجی

اسم

He looked like a rancher in his faded denim jeans and plaid shirt.
In addition to the bones themselves, the box contained a ripped plaid flannel shirt, and nestled at the bottom, dirty jeans, boots, and yellowed, soiled undershorts.

39

rubber/ˈrʌbər/

لاستیک پلاستیکی

اسم

They had the consistency of rubber mats.
Great developments have been made of recent years in the cultivation of rubber in British Malaya.

40

boot/buːt/

چکمه کفش لبه‌دار بلند، پوتین

اسم

She kicked his boot under the table.
In total loss of her temper, she marched over and stomped on the phone, grinding it under her boot heel.

gumboot  wellington  wader  walking boot  riding boot

41

turquoise/ˈtɜːrkwɔɪz/

فیروزه‎ای

صفت

His skin was dark, his eyes turquoise, as their father's had been.
Some fine gems of peridot, garnet and turquoise have been found.

42

polka dot/ˈpoʊlkə dɑːt/

خال خال ریز (طرح پارچه)

اسم

43

dark brown/dɑrk braʊn/

قهوه‌ای تیره

اسم



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