درس 11


ردیف

واژه

معنی

نقش گرامری

1

speculate/ˈspekjuleɪt/

گمانه‎زنی کردن حدس و گمان زدن، فرض کردن

فعل

If you want me to speculate, I'd say it ran far deeper than that.
I won't speculate on what that size is, but it certainly is not a size 0.

conjecture  theorize  form theories  hypothesize  make suppositions

2

graduate/ˈgrædʒ.u.ət/

فارغ‌التحصیل شدن فارغ‌التحصیل کردن

فعل

I graduate next month, so I'll let her know with an invitation.
I did graduate, though.

degree holder  person with a degree
Bachelor of Arts  BA  Bachelor of Science  BSc

3

college/ˈkɑl.ɪdʒ/

کالج دانشکده

اسم

She'll be going to college next month.
I would never stop you from going to college or doing anything else you wanted to do.

educational institution  training establishment  centre of learning  seat of learning
school  academy

4

cap/kæp/

کلاه (لبه دار)

اسم

She twisted the cap from the bottle and held it out to him.
arvensis, is probably a variety of the pasture mushroom; it grows in rings in woody places and under trees and hedges in meadows; it has a large scaly round cap, and the flesh quickly changes to buff or brown when cut or broken; the stem too is hollow.

lid  top  stopper  cork  bung

5

gown/ɡaʊn/

لباس فارغ التحصیلی

اسم

She's in a night gown, in bed.
Can I go gown shopping with you?

dress, frock, shift, robe
garment, costume

6

genius/ˈʤinjəs/

نابغه

اسم

"Apparently, I'm not the medical genius people believe me to be," he added.
Anatole is no genius, but he is an honest, goodhearted lad; an excellent son or kinsman.

brilliance  great intelligence  great intellect  great ability  cleverness

7

professor/prəˈfes.ər/

استاد (دانشگاه) پروفسور

اسم

holder of a chair  chair  head of faculty  head of department
Regius professor  emeritus professor
don

8

bored/bɔrd/

کسل خسته

صفت

I'm not bored, but it is getting late.
He must be getting bored with watching her.

drill  pierce  perforate  puncture  punch

9

boring/ˈbɔː.rɪŋ/

خسته‌کننده کسالت‌آور

صفت

I must be boring you to death.
She didn't stay long in the boring room.

tedious  dull  monotonous
repetitious  repetitive
unrelieved  lacking variety

10

interesting/ˈɪn.trə.stɪŋ/

جالب جذاب

صفت

You're a very interesting person.
She had an interesting perspective, and she made him think about things differently.

absorbing  engrossing  fascinating  riveting  gripping

11

fascinated/ˈfæs.əˌneɪt̬.ɪd/

مجذوب شیفته

صفت

It was hard to look at his face without being fascinated by the color of his eyes.
She watched, fascinated, as the storm crept closer.

engross  captivate  absorb  interest  enchant

12

interested/ˈɪn.trə.stəd/

علاقه‎مند

صفت

I truly believe he may be interested in doing the same to you.
Are you as interested in photography as we are?

attentive  intent  focused  absorbed  engrossed

13

embarrassed/ɪmˈbær.əst/

خجالت‌زده شرمنده

صفت

There's nothing to be embarrassed about.
I was kind of embarrassed about the money not coming in the mail like I said.

awkward  self-conscious  uneasy  uncomfortable  unsettled

14

annoyed/əˈnɔɪd/

آزرده عصبی، ناراحت

صفت

The man looked annoyed as much as disappointed.
While mildly annoyed, he went along.

irritated  cross  angry  vexed  exasperated

15

pleased/pliːzd/

خوشحال راضی

صفت

I was pleased by his candor.
I'm pleased she's helping you.

happy  glad  delighted  gratified  grateful

16

embarrassing/ɪmˈbær.ə.sɪŋ/

شرم‌آور خجالت‌آور

صفت

This is embarrassing, but I really need the money for gro­ceries.
I suppose it's getting a little embarrassing now.

shaming  shameful  humiliating  mortifying  demeaning

17

frustrating/ˈfrʌˌstreɪtɪŋ/

آزاردهنده خسته‌کننده

صفت

It's just a very frustrating situation.
Frustrating as it was - as he was - it would do no good to question him further.

thwart  defeat  foil  block  stop

18

disappointed/ˌdɪs.əˈpɔɪnt.əd/

ناامید مأیوس

صفت

I'm disappointed in you.
I'm disappointed in your decision, but I respect it.

saddened  upset  let down  disheartened  downhearted

19

shocked/ʃɑkt/

بهت‌زده شوکه

صفت

I was shocked at how harsh reality can be.
"I'm shocked," he said with a straight face.

blow  upset  disturbance  source of distress  source of amazement

20

scared/skeəd/

ترسیده وحشت‌زده

صفت

You scared me half to death.
I woke up and you weren't there and it scared me.

frightened  afraid  fearful  nervous  panicky

21

surprised/sərˈpraɪzd/

متعجب شگفت‌زده

صفت

I was a little surprised at the invitation.
I'm surprised to see you out here.

astonished  amazed  in amazement  nonplussed  taken aback

22

excited/ɪkˈsaɪtɪd/

هیجان‌زده

صفت

He'd been so excited about his phone.
I'm too excited to remember!

thrilled  exhilarated  elevated  animated  enlivened

23

jealous/ˈdʒel.əs/

حسود

صفت

She doesn't have any reason to be jealous of me.
But how could he be jealous, agree to send her away and make out with another woman?

envious  covetous  desirous
resentful  grudging  begrudging
jaundiced

24

anxious/ˈæŋk.ʃəs/

مضطرب نگران، دلواپس

صفت

Even so, everyone was anxious to get back home.
At her anxious look, he smiled.

worried  concerned  apprehensive  fearful  uneasy

25

worried/ˈwɜːrid/

نگران

صفت

He won't go see a doctor, and Mom's worried about him.
Jackson worried Elisabeth would miss her family, but she assured him that Christmas was not nearly as important as The Wolf Moon.

anxious  disturbed  perturbed  troubled  bothered

26

annoying/əˈnɔɪ.ɪŋ/

آزاردهنده اعصاب خردکن

صفت

He was annoying, and she wanted him to leave her alone.
She left the room with an annoying thought.

irritating  infuriating  exasperating  maddening  trying

27

scary/ˈskɛri/

ترسناک

صفت

I can understand it must be scary to think of giving birth.
The new world seemed less scary in daylight.

frightening  scaring  hair-raising  terrifying  petrifying

28

exciting/ɪkˈsaɪtɪŋ/

هیجان‌انگیز مهیج

صفت

They still had something mysterious and exciting to explore.
It should have been an exciting discovery.

thrilling  exhilarating  stirring  rousing  stimulating

29

surprising/sərˈprɑɪ.zɪŋ/

حیرت‌آور تعجب‌آمیز

صفت

That was certainly a surprising turn of events!
It is not surprising that we are taking awhile to get it right.

unexpected  unanticipated  unforeseen  unpredictable  unpredicted
astonishing

30

amazed/əˈmeɪzd/

متحیر شگفت‌زده، حیرت‌زده

صفت

I was amazed at his reaction to a simple compliment.
Dean was amazed at the size of the crowd.

astonished  astounded  staggered  surprised  startled

31

amazing/əˈmeɪ.zɪŋ/

شگفت‌آور شگفت انگیز، خوب، عالی

صفت

It was amazing how a person could change.
It was amazing how a baby could put love in so many hearts.

astonishing  astounding  surprising  bewildering  stunning

32

shocking/ˈʃɑk.ɪŋ/

هولناک ناپسند، شوکه‌کننده

صفت

His touch was like shocking herself, and she jumped.
Floating in the shocking cold, she oriented herself in the darkness.

appalling  horrifying  horrific  dreadful  awful

33

frustrated/ˈfrʌˌstreɪtəd/

درمانده مستاصل، نا امید

صفت

I'm so frustrated right now.
He should have been feeling frustrated and confused.

thwart  defeat  foil  block  stop

34

confused/kənˈfjuːzd/

گیج مغشوش

صفت

For a moment he looked confused, and then turned away.
Sarah seemed confused as well.

bewildered  bemused  puzzled  perplexed  baffled

35

confusing/kənˈfjuː.zɪŋ/

گیج‌کننده

صفت

The words sounded confusing, even to her.
Catharsis can be a confusing emotional experience for some people.

bewildering  baffling  difficult  difficult to understand  unclear

36

motivated/ˈmoʊt̬.əˌveɪt̬.ɪd/

باانگیزه

صفت

I feel motivated to help you.
Whatever motivated him, it was certainly delightful.

prompt  drive  move  inspire  stimulate

37

proud/prɑʊd/

مفتخر خشنود

صفت

How sad that she would be too proud to have fun.
How proud mamma will be of her brave boy!

pleased  pleased with  glad  glad about  glad at



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