درس 7


ردیف

واژه

معنی

نقش گرامری

1

easygoing/ˌIː.ziːˈgoʊ.ɪŋ/

بی‌خیال

صفت

It's all the Club and his easygoing nature.
Linda was too easygoing to be affected by much of anything, and the men seemed more surprised than anything else.

relaxed  even-tempered  equable  placid  mellow

2

believe/bɪˈliːv/

اعتقاد داشتن باور داشتن

فعل

He is the handsomest and strongest of men, and I believe he is the wisest also.
I can't believe I've finally found you.

be convinced by  trust  have confidence in  consider honest  consider truthful
regard as true

3

black/blæk/

سیاه مشکی

صفت

It's just a black snake.
A black cloud seemed to cover the earth.

dark  pitch black  as black as pitch  pitch-dark  jet black

4

questionnaire/ˌkwes.tʃəˈner/

پرسشنامه

اسم

Just follow the step-by-step instructions, which will guide you through the questionnaire.
One procedure for diagnosing children aged 24 to 36 months asks parents to complete a standardized questionnaire in which they check off the vocabulary the child knows and write down examples of the child's two-word sentences.

question sheet  set of questions  survey form  form  test

5

discard/dɪˈskɑrd/

کنار انداختن کنار گذاشتن، دور انداختن

فعل

She started the coffee and picked up an empty pop bottle from the counter to discard in the trash.
He was also the first to discard the use of wooden bomb-shells, and substitute others cast in bronze.

dispose of  throw away  throw out  get rid of  toss out
reject

6

infinitive/ɪnˈfɪn.ə.tɪv/

مصدر [شکل ساده فعل]

اسم

B is replaced by the surd pat the end of a word (trobar in the infinitive, but trop in the present tense); so also in the interiOr of a word when it precedes a consonant (supvensr, s u b v e n i re, sopte, s u b t 0).
It seems that all the above classes may be divided into two main groups, according to the form of the infinitive :with masculine infinitive the strong triliteral type, and with feminine infinitive the type of the III.

7

experimental/ɪkˌspɛrɪˈmɛntəl/

تجربی آزمایشی

صفت

His mother says there was a lot of experimental stuff done on him while he was out of it.
Could it have something to do with Quinn's experimental stuff?

exploratory  investigational  probing  fact-finding  trial and error
trial

8

dissatisfied/dɪˈsætəˌsfaɪd/

ناراضی ناخشنود

صفت

"Ah, it's you!" said Pierre with a preoccupied, dissatisfied air.
The Emperor was dissatisfied with him.

discontented  malcontent  unsatisfied  disappointed  disaffected

9

honest/ˈɑn.ɪst/

صادق راستگو، صادقانه

صفت

His honest answer silenced her.
He deserved an honest answer about her response.

morally correct  upright  honourable  moral  ethical

10

all of a sudden/ɔl ʌv ə ˈsʌdən/

ناگهان یکهو

قید

suddenly  immediately  instantaneously  instantly  in an instant

11

rebel/ˈrebl/

یاغی شورشی، عصیانگر

اسم

"What is your name, young rebel?" said the British captain.
He was once again the rebel commander and not her Guardian.

revolutionary  insurgent  revolutionist  mutineer  agitator

12

debate/dəˈbeɪt/

مورد بحث قرار دادن مباحثه کردن

فعل

See you at the debate tomorrow.
And that debate ended overnight.

discussion  exchange of views  discourse  parley
argument  dispute

13

yellow/ˈjel.oʊ/

زرد زرد رنگ

صفت

One of the yellow portals beckoned her.
The plate was yellow with black number; two digits, a space, and three digits.

yellowish  yellowy  lemon  lemony  amber

14

wallpaper/ˈwɔːlpeɪpər/

کاغذ دیواری

اسم

15

remain/rɪˈmeɪn/

باقی ماندن

فعل

One would argue that energy costs will remain high.
All this time he had to remain strong for his mother.

continue to exist  endure  last  abide  go on

16

cheerful/ˈtʃɪr.fəl/

شاد خوشحال

صفت

How cheerful it is to hear of!
The flowers should have made her feel cheerful, but they ushered in that dark feeling instead.

happy  jolly  merry  bright  glad

17

preference/ˈpref.ə.rəns/

گزینه دلخواه گزینه مورد پسند

اسم

Their dates had been modest, but was that by preference, or because he had limited funding?
where he took the first prize in mathematics and physics; at the Ecole Polytechnique, where he stood first at the exit examination in 1819; and at the Ecole des Mines (1819-1822), where he began to show a decided preference for the science with which his name is associated.

liking  partiality  predilection  proclivity  fondness

18

fascinating/ˈfæs.əˌneɪt̬.ɪŋ/

مجذوب‌کننده دلربا، بسیار جالب

صفت

It was a bewildering and fascinating place.
He was also the most fascinating person she'd ever spoken to, in a terrifying, otherworldly way.

engrossing  captivating  absorbing  interesting  enchanting

19

get to know/gɛt tu noʊ/

(کسی را) شناختن آشنا شدن

فعل

20

lilac/ˈlaɪˌlæk/

یاسی (رنگ) بنفش مایل به صورتی، بنفش کم‌رنگ

اسم

She selected an off-the-shoulder lilac colored sun dress that Alex liked.
the red sun with white and gold rays; in the former the lilac flowers of the Paulownia tree, the flower of the Tycoon's arms, take a prominent part.

21

red/red/

قرمز

اسم

Look at those big gray eyes and that beautiful red hair!
He held out a bottle of red water.

scarlet  vermilion  ruby  ruby red  ruby-coloured

22

factor/ˈfæk.tər/

عامل

اسم

The other factor was that he was doing what he had always dreamed of doing.
Another factor was caffeine.

element  part  component  ingredient  strand

23

obey/oʊˈbeɪ/

اطاعت کردن پیروی کردن

فعل

He has raised me to obey … to be good.
Agree to obey the laws that I shall make for you.

do what someone says  accept orders from  take orders from  carry follow the orders of  carry out the orders of

24

calm/kɑm/

آرام

صفت

Calm, she was able to focus.
The natural day is very calm, and will hardly reprove his indolence.

serene  tranquil  relaxed  unruffled  unperturbed

25

expression/ɪkˈspreʃ.ən/

اصطلاح عبارت

اسم

By the expression on his face, he wasn't exactly enjoying the conversation.
His expression and tone were anything but understanding.

utterance  uttering  voicing  pronouncement  declaration

26

largely/ˈlɑrdʒ.li/

تا حد زیادی عمدتا

قید

Finally life was good, and she was largely responsible.
The mining and washing plant is extremely good and largely constructed at Cagliari.

mostly  mainly  to a large extent  to a great extent  to a great degree

27

soft/sɑft/

ملایم آرامش بخش، کم‌رنگ

صفت

His laugh was soft and low.
As the Princess held the white piglet in her arms and stroked its soft hair she said: Let Eureka out of the cage, for she is no longer a prisoner, but our good friend.

mushy  squashy  pulpy  pappy  slushy

28

bright/brɑɪt/

روشن (رنگ) براق

صفت

shining  light  brilliant  vivid  blazing

29

cope/koʊp/

از پس (چیزی یا کسی) برآمدن تحمل کردن، ساختن (با وضع و ...)

فعل

The cope presented to the cathedral treasury by Pope Nicholas IV.
The rochet is worn without the chimere under the cope by those bishops who use this vestment.

manage  survive  subsist  look after oneself  fend for oneself

30

cheer up/ʧɪr ʌp/

شاد کردن خوشحال بودن، از ناراحتی در آوردن، حال کسی را بهتر کردن

فعل

perk up  brighten  brighten up  become more cheerful  pick up

31

paint/peɪnt/

رنگ

اسم

I had to bring you here so I could paint a portrait.
Among the city's manufactures are agricultural implements, iron bridges and other structural iron work, watches and watch-cases, steel, engines, safes, locks, cutlery, hardware, wagons, carriages, paving-bricks, furniture, dental and surgical chairs, paint and varnish, clay-working machinery and saw-mill machinery.

colouring  colourant  tint  dye  stain

32

grind/ɡraɪnd/

کار یکنواخت و سخت

اسم

She thought she heard him grind his teeth and frowned.
They allowed us to grind the spices, pick over the raisins and lick the stirring spoons.

crush  pound  pulverize  mill  powder

33

introvert/ˈɪntroʊˌvɜrt/

فرد درون‌گرا

اسم

Tentacles retractile into an introvert ("tentacle-sheath").
(Lankester.) A, Simple introvert completely introverted.

34

opinion/əˈpɪnjən/

نظر دیدگاه

اسم

You always did have a high opinion of yourself.
Then let me express a personal opinion as well.

belief  judgement  thought  thoughts  school of thought

35

difficulty/ˈdɪf.ə.kəl.ti/

دشواری سختی

اسم

She kept her mouth closed this time with some difficulty and looked away.
Unsettled at her unusual weakness, she watched Sami's squat form fold with difficulty as he crouched beside her.

strain  struggling  awkwardness  trouble  toil

36

develop/dɪˈvel.əp/

رشد یافتن پرورش یافتن

فعل

The second crop of cabbage was starting to develop, and the okra looked good.
They were already beginning to develop different personalities.

grow  evolve  mature  expand  enlarge

37

object/ˈɑb.dʒɪkt/

مخالفت کردن اعتراض کردن

فعل

He shoved a shiny red object at her.
She dropped the cloth and moved to the next object, which was obviously a painting.

thing  article  item  piece  device

38

pink/pɪŋk/

صورتی

اسم

It was pink with white tips, in an antique brass planter.
Her skin began to flush until it was pink enough to look human rather than the sleep of the dead.

rosy  rose  rose-coloured  rosé  pale red

39

paint/peɪnt/

(نقاشی) کشیدن نقاشی کردن، رنگ کردن

فعل

I had to bring you here so I could paint a portrait.
Among the city's manufactures are agricultural implements, iron bridges and other structural iron work, watches and watch-cases, steel, engines, safes, locks, cutlery, hardware, wagons, carriages, paving-bricks, furniture, dental and surgical chairs, paint and varnish, clay-working machinery and saw-mill machinery.

colouring  colourant  tint  dye  stain

40

from time to time/frʌm taɪm tu taɪm/

گهگاه هر از چند گاه

قید

sometimes  occasionally  now and again  now and then  every now and again

41

conduct/ˈkɑndʌkt/

انجام دادن اجرا کردن، اداره کردن

فعل

Suddenly all those annoying rules of conduct began to make sense.
He will conduct you to the Minister of War.

behaviour  way of behaving  performance  comportment  demeanour

42

gerund/ˈdʒerənd/

اسم مصدر

اسم

43

unhappy/ʌnˈhæp.i/

ناراحت غمگین، محزون

صفت

"If thou art determined, O God, to destroy me," the unhappy Angevin exclaimed, "let my fall be gradual!"
She was suddenly lost in the unhappy never after.

sad  miserable  sorrowful  dejected  despondent

44

bored/bɔrd/

کسل خسته

صفت

I'm not bored, but it is getting late.
He must be getting bored with watching her.

drill  pierce  perforate  puncture  punch

45

trouble/ˈtrʌbl/

مشکل دردسر

اسم

I had trouble keeping up with him.
That's why I had so much trouble telling you.

problems  difficulty  issues  bother  inconvenience

46

white/wɑɪt/

سفید

اسم

Not a worry in the world but a little white ball.
His face is white, and he seems very weak.

colourless  unpigmented  undyed  bleached  natural
snowy

47

as a result of/æz ə rɪˈzʌlt/

در نتیجه

حرف اضافه

48

biologically/baɪəˈlɑʤɪkli/

(به طور) بیولوژیکی به طور وراثتی

قید

The materials for studying the American man biologically are abundant in the United States National Museum in Washington; the Peabody Museum, at Cambridge, Massachusetts; the American Museum of Natural History, New York; the Academy of Sciences and the Free Museum of Arts and Sciences, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; the Field Museum in Chicago; the National Museum, city of Mexico, and the Museum of La Plata.
He shows how morality can be viewed physically, as evolving from an indefinite incoherent homogeneity to a definite, coherent heterogeneity; biologically, as evolving from a less to a more complete performance of vital functions, so that the perfectly moral man is one whose life is physiologically perfect and therefore perfectly pleasant; psychologically, as evolving from a.

biotic  biologic  organic  living
botanic  botanical

49

upset/ʌpˈset/

ناراحت دلخور

صفت

The kid was already too upset about something.
I've said something to upset you.

distress  trouble  perturb  disturb  discompose

50

laboratory/ˈlæb.rəˌtɔːr.i/

آزمایشگاه

اسم

After introductions, Dean was led to a laboratory in the rear of the building.
His first acquaintance with chemistry was gained as laboratory boy to an apothecary in Rouen (1777-1779), and after various vicissitudes he obtained an introduction to A.

51

break/breɪk/

شکستن (قانون، قول و ...) نقض کردن، زیر قول زدن

فعل

If you break it, you replace it.
Are you opposed to a break now and then?

shatter  smash  smash to smithereens  crack  snap

52

powerful/ˈpɑʊ.ər.fəl/

نیرومند قدرتمند

صفت

The powerful words made her frown.
The more powerful the deity, the more restricted.

strong  muscular  muscly  sturdy  strapping

53

principle/ˈprɪnsəpəl/

اصل مبنا

اسم

Why couldn't Katie understand that there was a principle involved?
The basic principle was that those who worked hard would be rewarded.

truth  proposition  concept  idea  theory

54

boring/ˈbɔː.rɪŋ/

خسته‌کننده کسالت‌آور

صفت

I must be boring you to death.
She didn't stay long in the boring room.

tedious  dull  monotonous
repetitious  repetitive
unrelieved  lacking variety

55

under/ˈʌn.dər/

زیر تحت

حرف اضافه

Then the horse bunched up under him.
She limped after him, muttering under her breath.

beneath  below  underneath  at the bottom of  at the foot of
less than

56

green/griːn/

سبز

اسم

A large green book caught her attention.
Are you sure his name is Green; not Greely?

greenish  viridescent
olive green  pea green  emerald green  lime green

57

usual/ˈjuː.ʒu.əl/

همیشگی معمول

صفت

As usual, he was right.
Felipa was her usual bubbly self.

habitual  customary  accustomed  wonted  normal

58

environment/enˈvɑɪ.rən.mənt/

محیط زیست

اسم

The environment in the Arctic Circle is very hostile.
Many influences operating for a long period of time on the character and the environment of a class go to determine its standard of life.

habitat  territory  domain  home  abode
surroundings

59

confirmed/kənˈfɜrmd/

تصدیق شده تایید شده

صفت

He wouldn't look at her, and that fact confirmed her suspicions.
"I did," Hilden confirmed, also frowning.

established  long-established  long-standing  firm  committed

60

rose/roʊz/

سرخ گلی (رنگ)

اسم

Her temper rose with her voice.
Lisa rose from her chair and glanced down at Sarah.

move up  move upwards  come up  go up  make its way up

61

emerald/ˈemərəld/

(سبز) زمردی

صفت

His eyes went from emerald to tanzanite again.
He looked at the emerald in his palm.

62

take advantage/teɪk ædˈvæntɪʤ/

بهره بردن استفاده کردن، سود بردن

فعل

63

depressed/dɪˈprest/

افسرده غمگین

صفت

His face was depressed and gloomy.
It left her depressed, when she wanted to be happy the last few months of her life.

sad  saddened  unhappy  gloomy  glum

64

blue/bluː/

آبی

اسم

She handed him a light blue shirt.
Those blue eyes were boring into her soul, searching for heaven only knew what.

sky blue  azure  cobalt  cobalt blue  sapphire

65

manner/ˈmæn.ər/

رفتار

اسم

Obviously he thought her manner of dress was too casual.
She carefully laid out the food in an attractive manner and retired to the kitchen.

way  fashion  mode  means  method

66

self-critical/sɛlf-ˈkrɪtɪkəl/

خود انتقادگر

صفت

Children with low self-esteem have a difficult time dealing with problems, are overly self-critical, and can become passive, withdrawn, and depressed.
The intensity of intellectual and manual application which Leonardo threw into the work is proved by the fact that he finished it within four years, in spite of all his other avocations and of those prolonged pauses of concentrated imaginative effort and intense self-critical brooding to which we have direct contemporary witness.

67

scientific/ˌsɑɪ.ənˈtɪf.ɪk/

علمی

صفت

His scientific jubilee was celebrated in Paris in 1901.
All scientific material from the past is making its way online.

technological  technical
research-based  factual  knowledge-based  empirical
chemical

68

below/bɪˈləʊ/

زیر پایین

حرف اضافه

There were lots of pretty flowers down below but he kept driving.
The dealers stuck below are flipping out.

beneath  under  underneath  further down than  lower than
less than

69

middle/ˈmɪd.əl/

وسطی

صفت

What was he doing out here alone in the middle of the desert?
The rod was bent in the middle so that it could be turned as with a crank.

centre  mean  median  mid point  halfway point

70

continuum/kənˈtɪnjuəm/

زنجیره سلسله، پیوستار

اسم

On the other hand, many evolutionists ignore the certainty that there must be a continuum in any real evolutionary process.
This continuum was held to render possible conduction in all directions throughout the grey matter of the whole nervous system.

71

dark/dɑːrk/

تیره پررنگ (توصیف رنگ)

صفت

He looked tall and lean in a dark suit.
At the kitchen door she nearly ran into a dark form.

black  pitch black  pitch dark  inky  jet black

72

masculine/ˈmæskjələn/

مردانه

صفت

His features were masculine and strong.
The masculine voice was sharp and commanding.

male  manly  manlike  of men  man's

73

extremely/ɪkˈstriːm.li/

به شدت شدیدا

قید

It was an extremely easy victory for me.
Danby had rendered extremely important services to William's cause.

very  exceedingly  exceptionally  especially  extraordinarily

74

style/staɪl/

سبک شیوه، مد

اسم

Her hair was short and dark and worn in an easy style that seemed to require little care.
He's got a great sense of style, Linda said with a laugh.

manner  way  technique  method  methodology

75

combination/ˌkɑm.bəˈneɪ.ʃən/

ترکیب مخلوط

اسم

It was an overall combination of respect and interest.
I have a feeling we'll need that combination, Gabriel reasoned.

amalgamation  amalgam  merger  union  blend

76

lovable/ˈlʌvəbəl/

دوست‌داشتنی

صفت

Grant showed many admirable and lovable traits.
In private life Alexander displayed many lovable qualities.

adorable  dear  sweet  cute  charming

77

opportunity/ˌɑp.ərˈtuː.nət̬.i/

فرصت

اسم

It was the perfect opportunity to test her theory.
This was a good opportunity to leave.

chance  lucky chance  good time  golden opportunity  time

78

feminine/ˈfɛmənən/

زنانه

صفت

Her voice was soft and as feminine as her shape.
She felt delicate and feminine in his arms.

womanly  womanlike  ladylike  girlish  female
soft

79

jealous/ˈdʒel.əs/

حسود

صفت

She doesn't have any reason to be jealous of me.
But how could he be jealous, agree to send her away and make out with another woman?

envious  covetous  desirous
resentful  grudging  begrudging
jaundiced

80

behavior/bəˈheɪ.vjər/

رفتار

اسم

My sisters will instruct you in the behavior I expect of you.
"Boss, you can send her to behavior modification training," Pierre suggested.

conduct  way of behaving  way of acting  deportment  bearing

81

sibling/ˈsɪblɪŋ/

خواهر یا/و برادر

اسم

Every child feels displaced to some degree when a new sibling arrives.
I haven't even had any sibling practice.

brother or sister
brothers and sisters, brothers or sisters

82

research/rɪˈsɜrtʃ/

پژوهش تحقیق

اسم

investigation  experimentation  testing  exploration  analysis

83

nature/ˈneɪ.tʃər/

ماهیت ذات

اسم

It was in his nature, and it was something that wasn't going to change.
This is your nature, you just don't know it yet.

the natural world  the living world  Mother Nature  creation  the world

84

orange/ˈɑr.ɪndʒ/

نارنجی رنگ نارنجی

اسم

Four years later East Orange was chartered as a city.
The alarm clock beside her bed indicated 2:00 am in large orange numbers.

85

spectrum/ˈspɛktrəm/

طیف گستره

اسم

Our eyes are capable of seeing only a narrow spectrum of light.
The dark lines of the spectrum of sunlight, earliest noted by Dr W.

range  gamut  sweep  scope  span
scale
variety
compass

86

pull one's leg/pʊl wʌnz lɛg/

کسی را دست انداختن کسی را سر کار گذاشتن

جمله

87

excited/ɪkˈsaɪtɪd/

هیجان‌زده

صفت

He'd been so excited about his phone.
I'm too excited to remember!

thrilled  exhilarated  elevated  animated  enlivened

88

pattern/ˈpæt̬.ərn/

طرح نقش، الگو

اسم

She stared at a flower pattern on the wall.
The woman he married would have to pattern her life to the fickle fate of politics.

design  decoration  motif  marking  ornament

89

settle/ˈsɛtəl/

تصمیم گرفتن قطعی کردن، فیصله پیدا کردن

فعل

She'd need that time to settle her business and pack her things.
There was one way to settle the matter.

resolve  sort out  reach an agreement about  find a solution to  find an answer to

90

influence/ˈɪnfluəns/

تاثیر نفوذ، اثر

اسم

I'm a bad influence on you.
He can influence opinion at the highest level.

effect  impact
control  sway  hold  power

91

rebellious/rɪˈbeljəs/

یاغی سرکش، عصیانگر

صفت

As soon as the rebellious Clement VII.
I shouldn't blame my rebellious moods on other people.

rebel  insurgent  mutinous  disorderly  lawless

92

appealing/əˈpilɪŋ/

جذاب خوشایند

صفت

It was even less appealing in the dark of the storm.
Actually, the idea was appealing – in spite of his clumsy invitation.

attractive  engaging  alluring  enchanting  captivating

93

acquaintance/əˈkweɪntəns/

آشنا

اسم

He's not a casual acquaintance whom you barely know.
Happy to make your acquaintance, Miss Sidwell.

contact  associate  connection  ally  colleague
confrère
association

94

extrovert/ˈekstrəvɜːrt/

فرد برون‎گرا

اسم

Often, a good match is to pair up an extrovert and introvert to balance out each other.
People looking for discreet relationships run the gamut from straight to gay, introvert to extrovert.

outgoing person  sociable person  life and soul of the party  socializer  mixer

95

angry/ˈæŋ.gri/

عصبانی ناراحت

صفت

They were angry because their plans had been discovered.
Are you angry with me?

irate  annoyed  cross  vexed  irritated

96

characteristic/ˌkɛrəktəˈrɪstɪk/

مشخصه ویژگی

اسم

"Well, good-by, your excellency, keep well!" said Rostopchin, getting up with characteristic briskness and holding out his hand to the prince.
Grand is the characteristic, in their conception, of some special animals called "heroes."

attribute  feature
quality  essential quality  property  trait

97

emotional/ɪˈmoʊ.ʃən.əl/

احساسی احساساتی

صفت

We have understandable emotional responses to all these situations.
I've just been so emotional lately.

spiritual  inner  psychic  psychological  of the heart
passionate

98

predictable/prɪˈdɪk.tə.bəl/

قابل پیش‌بینی

صفت

He's usu­ally very predictable but he surprises everyone once in a while with something totally off the wall.
Like most bugs it is totally understandable and, given hindsight, totally predictable.

foreseeable  to be expected  only to be expected  expected  par for the course
unsurprising

99

extrovert/ˈekstrəvɜːrt/

برون‌گرا اجتماعی، با اعتماد به نفس

صفت

Often, a good match is to pair up an extrovert and introvert to balance out each other.
People looking for discreet relationships run the gamut from straight to gay, introvert to extrovert.

outgoing person  sociable person  life and soul of the party  socializer  mixer

100

researcher/rəˈsɜrtʃ.ər/

محقق

اسم

So far he is in general agreement with Anaximander, but he differs from him in the solution of the problem, disliking, as a poet and a mystic, the primary matter which satisfied the patient researcher, and demanding a more vivid and picturesque element.
This was the time of rapid development in the universities, where not only were the scholastic philosophy i~ and systematic theology eagerly studied, but figures, ~j1,iJlife appear like that of the great Roger Bacon, a scientific researcher of the first rank, whose discoveries in optics and chemistry caused his contemporaries to suspect him of magical arts.

101

associate/əˈsoʊʃieɪt/

(به هم) پیوند دادن مربوط ساختن، وابسته بودن

فعل

Brandeis as associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.
The Associate Reformed Synod of the South had a membership of 13,201.

link  connect  couple  relate  identify

102

afraid/əˈfreɪd/

ترسیده

صفت

He was not afraid of anything.
Any time a wild animal isn't afraid of you, there is probably something wrong.

frightened  scared  scared stiff  terrified  fearful

103

throughout/θruˈaʊt/

سرتاسر (در) تمام، از اول تا آخر

حرف اضافه

Throughout a difficult pregnancy, he had never raised his voice once.
Fred's mood remained somber throughout the meal.

all over  all round  in every part  in every part of  everywhere

104

culture/ˈkʌl.tʃər/

فرهنگ

اسم

If only she understood our culture better.
How long would it take her to adapt to this culture?

the arts  the humanities
intellectual achievement  intellectual achievements  intellectual activity
literature  music

105

creative/kriˈeɪtɪv/

خلاق

صفت

He was not a great original thinker; he lacked the creative faculty and the creative impulse.
Polycarp had no creative genius.

inventive  imaginative  innovative  innovatory  innovational

106

experience/ɪkˈspɪr.iː.əns/

تجربه کردن

فعل

He has a lot of experience in these matters.
In the first place she had nineteen months' experience of sight and sound.

skill  practical knowledge  practice
training  learning  education

107

sick/sɪk/

خسته

صفت

Mom was sick and we needed a doctor.
I felt sick to my stomach.

ill  unwell  poorly  ailing  indisposed

108

happiness/ˈhæp.iː.nəs/

خوشحالی خوشبختی

اسم

I wish you all the happiness you so deserve.
Is being in control so important that you're willing to sacrifice the happiness of your only son?

contentment  pleasure  contentedness  satisfaction  cheerfulness

109

relaxing/rɪˈlæks.ɪŋ/

آرامش‌بخش آرام

صفت

It was both relaxing and exciting.
The climate is mild and relaxing and the rainfall averages about 40 in.

unwind  loosen up  ease off  ease up  let up

110

lifetime/ˈlɑɪf.tɑɪm/

عمر مادام‌العمر

اسم

She was close to realizing a lifetime goal.
It's almost as if it is a lifetime goal.

lifespan  life  days  duration of life  allotted span

111

gray/greɪ/

خاکستری طوسی

اسم

He squinted down at her in the dim light, his gray eyes smoldering with unmasked anger.
The kaleidoscopic display of orange, yellow, deep blue and gray was both beautiful and ominous.

greyish  silvery
silver-grey  pearl-grey  pearly  gunmetal grey

112

gene/ʤin/

ژن (زیست شناسی)

اسم

That is quite a gene pool you two have.
The gene mutated accidently, but once noticed, breeders bred for it.

113

show off/ʃoʊ ɔf/

پز دادن فخر فروختن

فعل

behave affectedly  put on airs  put on an act  give oneself airs  boast

114

theory/ˈθɪri/

نظریه

اسم

The findings are discussed in the context of a competing theory.
Chaos and complexity can both be viewed as a theory of formal social systems.

hypothesis  thesis  conjecture  supposition  speculation

115

expert/ˈek.spɜrt/

کارشناس متخصص

اسم

I'm going to be an expert if this keeps up.
His father was no doubt an expert, while Dean's ability was somewhere in between.

specialist  authority  pundit  oracle  resource person
adept

116

receive/rɪˈsiːv/

دریافت کردن

فعل

You shall receive proper pay for your work.
She waited until it was her turn to receive her scroll.

be given  be presented with  be awarded  collect  accept

117

down/dɑʊn/

غمگین پکر، افسرده

صفت

She sat down on the bed and sighed again.
They sat down at the table.

towards a lower position  downwards  downstairs  towards the bottom  from top to bottom
in a lower position

118

sad/sæd/

غمگین ناراحت، غم‌انگیز، ناراحت‌کننده

صفت

She clearly felt sad to see this day end.
He has sad eyes, like me.

unhappy  sorrowful  dejected  regretful  depressed

119

trait/treɪt/

ویژگی خصیصه، خصوصیت

اسم

She recognized this trait and would accept rules she herself would never be able to make.
That and her beauty – but that's not a character trait, is it?

characteristic  attribute  feature  quality  essential quality

120

furniture/ˈfɜr.nɪ.tʃər/

اسباب و اثاثیه لوازم خانگی

اسم

I didn't get any curtains or furniture yet.
They had moved the antique furniture out of her old downstairs room and put it upstairs months before he was born.

furnishings  house fittings  fittings  fitments  movables

121

complain/kəmˈpleɪn/

شکایت کردن اعتراض کردن

فعل

I have nothing to complain of.
"All in all, we can't complain about business," Cynthia added.

protest  grumble  moan  whine  bleat

122

nurture/ˈnɜːrtʃər/

پرورش تربیت، عوامل محیطی

اسم

I have the same need to nurture and protect.
I resented our relationship, but I continued to nurture it.

bring up  care for  provide for  take care of  attend to

123

inherit/ɪnˈherɪt/

به ارث بردن

فعل

"And who will inherit his wealth?" he added in a whisper.
While not as thin as her mother, you could tell she would inherit her mother's height.

become heir to  fall heir to  come by  come into  be bequeathed

124

determine/dəˈtɜrmən/

تعیین کردن مشخص کردن

فعل

She couldn't determine if she'd won this round or not.
She would determine which case had the best chance of success.

control  decide  regulate  direct  rule

125

effect/ɪˈfekt/

تاثیر اثر

اسم

The changes had an immediate effect.
Its effect was immediate.

result  consequence  upshot  outcome  out-turn

126

through/θruː/

به واسطه از طریق

حرف اضافه

He ran a hand through his hair.
She ran a comb through her hair, deciding not to re-braid the top part.

into and out of  to the far side of  to the other side of  from one side of … to the other  from end to end of

127

worry/ˈwɜr.i/

نگران شدن نگران بودن

فعل

Don't worry; everything will work out fine.
Don't worry about him.

fret  be worried  be concerned  be anxious  agonize

128

form/fɔːrm/

تشکیل شدن شکل گرفتن، به وجود آمدن

فعل

As she reached the tree, a large black furry form crashed into the trees ahead of her.
Sofia saw the tears form in her gaze.

shape  configuration  formation  conformation  structure

129

personality/ˌpɜrsəˈnælɪti/

شخصیت ویژگی فردی

اسم

He had a personality that would tick off Mother Theresa.
His personality was quiet and sober.

character  nature  disposition  temperament  make-up

130

critical/ˈkrɪtɪkəl/

منتقدانه انتقادآمیز

صفت

censorious  condemnatory  condemning  castigatory  reproving

131

tired/tɑɪrd/

خسته

صفت

I know you must be tired, so I will let you rest.
The toddlers were both tired and cranky.

worn out  exhausted  fatigued  tired out  overtired

132

genetic/ʤəˈnɛtɪk/

ژنتیکی (زیست شناسی) [وابسته به ژنتیک]

صفت

This is a form of genetic modification.
Today, genetic modification efforts are much more directed.

133

apologize/əˈpɑl.əˌdʒɑɪz/

عذرخواهی کردن

فعل

I am the first to apologize, you know me!
We apologize for the mistake and the inconvenience.

say sorry  express regret  be apologetic  make an apology  ask forgiveness

134

direct/dəˈrekt/

رک بی پرده، صریح

صفت

Finally she ducked her head and came to the direct point.
His direct look managed to stir what part of her wasn't already desperate.

straight  undeviating  unswerving
shortest  quickest
non-stop  unbroken

135

psychologist/sɑɪˈkɑl.ə.dʒɪst/

روانشناس

اسم

The psychologist investigates the ideal construction of the self, i.e.
The psychologist and the formal logician do indeed join hands in the denial of a real movement of thought in syllogism.

136

controversy/ˈkɑntrəˌvɜrsi/

مشاجره بحث، مشاجره، جدل

اسم

He had been placed in the center of a controversy he couldn't resolve.
The New Testament reflects a controversy.

disagreement  dispute  argument  debate  dissension

137

least/liːst/

کمترین

قید

At least they were talking.
They wanted her out of the way, or at least silent.

slightest  smallest  minimum  minimal  minutest

138

psychology/saɪˈkɑləʤi/

روانشناسی

اسم

He wrote both on psychology and on metaphysics, but is known especially as a historian of philosophy.
An investigator, pledging himself to no beliefs - even perhaps one who definitely disbelieves and rejects theism - may yet interest himself in tracking out the psychology of religion.

study of the mind  science of the mind  science of the personality  study of the mental processes
mindset  mind

139

ordinary/ˈɔːrdneri/

معمولی عادی

صفت

Alex was no ordinary man.
Her mind isn't more logical than the minds of ordinary children.

usual  normal  standard  typical  stock

140

only child/ˈoʊnli ʧaɪld/

تک فرزند یکی یکدانه

اسم



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