درس 10


ردیف

واژه

معنی

نقش گرامری

1

property/ˈprɑpərti/

دارایی ملک، مایملک

اسم

Martha inherited the property from her grandfather.
Property ownership certainly had its problems.

possessions  belongings  things  goods  worldly goods

2

survive/sərˈvaɪv/

زنده ماندن (سالم) باقی ماندن، جان سالم به در بردن

فعل

None of us are gonna survive this!
After all, he didn't think he'd survive the weekend.

remain alive  live  sustain oneself  cling to life  pull through

3

must/mʌst/

باید

فعل

She must be very uneasy about you.
We must not be late.

ought to  should  have to  have got to  need to

4

situation/ˌsɪtʃ.uˈeɪ.ʃən/

وضعیت موقعیت

اسم

I don't know how I got into this situation in the first place.
I'm in a precarious situation here.

circumstances  set of circumstances  state of affairs  affairs  state

5

belong/bəˈlɔːŋ/

متعلق بودن تعلق داشتن

فعل

The baby didn't belong to Joseph.
I want to go to a place where I can settle with my family and feel we truly belong to the community.

have a place  be located  be situated  be found  lie

6

trash/træʃ/

زباله

اسم

You don't trash a marriage the first time an obstacle comes along.
A trash bag was the highest-tech object Borlaug had.

rubbish  waste  waste material  refuse  litter

7

ethical/ˈeθɪkl/

اخلاقی

صفت

moral
social  behavioural
having to do with right and wrong
morally correct  right-minded  right-thinking  principled

8

bin/bɪn/

سطل محفظه

اسم

Two tumuli were dug in the necropolis of Bin Tepe without result.
The plateau of the Bin Bir Tepe, on the southern shore of the Gygaean Lake, was the chief burial-place of the inhabitants of Sardis, and is still thickly studded with tumuli, among which is the "tomb of Alyattes" (260 ft.

container  receptacle  holder
drum  canister  caddy

9

pray/preɪ/

دعا کردن از خداوند خواستن

فعل

In peace let us pray unto the Lord.
I thank you for it, and pray that God will bless you.

say one's prayers  be at prayer  make one's devotions
offer a prayer  offer a prayers  commune with
invoke

10

ahead/əˈhed/

جلو رو به رو

قید

Go ahead and take a seat while I set another place.
I'm ahead of them!

forwards  towards the front  frontwards
onwards  on  forth
in front

11

spectacular/spɛkˈtækjələr/

تماشایی فوق‌العاده، پرشکوه

صفت

It really is as spectacular as he described.
The view from the top was spectacular, the snow perfect and the trail empty of other skiers.

impressive  magnificent  splendid  dazzling  sensational

12

wrong/rɑŋ/

اشتباه غلط، نادرست

صفت

I can neither punish him if he does wrong nor reward him if he does right.
Sometimes I make a mistake and do the wrong thing.

incorrect  mistaken  in error  erroneous  inaccurate

13

oncoming/ˈɔnˌkʌmɪŋ/

پیش رو آتی، نزدیک‌شونده

صفت

I plunged into the oncoming billows, as a strong swimmer dives into breakers, and struck, alas, 'tis true, the bedpost!
The king's army was grouped in front of the village, facing in the direction of Milan, with a small stream separating it from the oncoming Swiss.

approaching  advancing  coming  nearing  arriving

14

baggage/ˈbægəʤ/

چمدان بار

اسم

They possess many horses, but when journeying place their baggage on their oxen.
You are in a position to seize its baggage and artillery.

luggage  suitcases  cases  bags  trunks
things

15

reward/rɪˈwɔːrd/

پاداش مژدگانی

اسم

There's a hefty reward out for her, too.
I can neither punish him if he does wrong nor reward him if he does right.

recompense  prize  prize money  winnings  purse

16

unit/ˈjuː.nɪt/

واحد (اندازه‎گیری)

اسم

The medical unit has healed me.
This is Lieutenant George with the intel unit assigned to your command.

component  part  section  element  constituent

17

split/splɪt/

جایی را (ناگهانی) ترک کردن جیم شدن، جیم زدن

فعل

Remember now, split it fairly.
Want to split the heavens.

break  chop  cut  hew  lop

18

fall off/fɔl ɔf/

افتادن کنده شدن

فعل

decrease  decline  diminish  drop off  go down

19

guess/ges/

حدس زدن

فعل

I guess that's a good question.
I guess I'm not a good investigator.

estimate  calculate  approximate  make a guess at  make an estimate of
hypothesize

20

cross/krɔːs/

عبور کردن رد شدن

فعل

He let a rare smile cross his face.
No one wanted to cross her.

crucifix  rood
burden  trouble  worry  trial

21

conditional/kənˈdɪʃənl/

شرطی

صفت

Others teach " conditional immortality."
But you also say that our oath of allegiance is a conditional matter, and to that I reply: 'You are my best friend, as you know, but if you formed a secret society and began working against the government- -be it what it may--I know it is my duty to obey the government.

subject to  dependent on  depending on  contingent on  hingeing on

22

probably/ˈprɑb.ə.bli/

احتمالا شاید

قید

She was probably right.
He would probably know the fastest way.

in all likelihood  in all probability  as likely as not  very likely  most likely

23

risk/rɪsk/

به خطر انداختن

فعل

I take a risk every time I go out.
Death is a part of the risk we take.

chance  uncertainty  unpredictability  precariousness  instability

24

agent/ˈeɪdʒənt/

مامور عامل

اسم

The agent followed her.
The agent scurried away and Denton immediately turned on her.

representative  negotiator  business manager  emissary  envoy

25

kindness/ˈkaɪnd.nəs/

مهربانی

اسم

He didn't do so out of the kindness of his heart.
I've shown you what kindness I possess.

kindliness  kind-heartedness  warm-heartedness  tender-heartedness  goodwill

26

onto/ˈɔːn.tu/

به (روی)

حرف اضافه

She climbed onto the vehicle and settled on the soft cushion.
He tossed the hourglass onto a chair.

27

real/riːl/

واقعی

صفت

The real surprise came with his presence in the delivery room.
He's not my real brother.

actual  existent  non-fictional  non-fictitious  factual
historical
material

28

pick up/pɪk ʌp/

بلند کردن برداشتن

فعل

improve  get better  recover  mend  be on the road to recovery

29

save/seɪv/

نجات دادن

فعل

You have a chance to save yourself.
He did save your life, you know.

rescue  come to someone's rescue  save someone's life  come to someone's aid
set free  free

30

security/sɪˈkjʊrəti/

امنیت امنیتی

اسم

The security system didn't recognize her thumbprint.
The lack of security is unsettling.

safety  freedom from danger
protection  safe keeping  shielding  guarding

31

honesty/ˈɑn.ə.sti/

صداقت

اسم

moral correctness  uprightness  honourableness  honour  integrity

32

unreal/ˌʌnˈriːəl/

غیر واقعی خیالی

صفت

The unusual language and repetition made the story seem unreal.
That which is object of thought cannot be outside consciousness; just as in mathematics -V - is an unreal quantity, so "things-in-themselves" are ex hypothesi outside consciousness, i.e.

imaginary  imagined  fictitious  pretend  make-believe

33

owner/ˈoʊ.nər/

مالک

اسم

I talked the owner into selling her to me.
The owner is selling it because he bought a truck.

possessor  holder  proprietor  proprietress  homeowner

34

old-fashioned/ˌoʊld ˈfæʃnd/

قدیمی دمده

صفت

The owner prides herself on the exquisite cuisine, old-fashioned courtesy and personal attention given to all customers. 
The people were dressed in old fashioned clothes.

out of date  outdated  dated  out  out of fashion

35

track/træk/

ریل خط آهن

اسم

Couldn't the police track him down?
As they come under one horizon, they shout their warning to get off the track to the other, heard sometimes through the circles of two towns.

path  pathway  footpath  lane  trail

36

double standard/ˈdʌbəl ˈstændərd/

یک بام و دو هوا استاندارد دوگانه

اسم

37

suffer/ˈsʌfər/

رنج کشیدن رنج بردن

فعل

hurt  ache  be in pain  feel pain  be racked with pain

38

break/breɪk/

شکستن

فعل

If you break it, you replace it.
Are you opposed to a break now and then?

shatter  smash  smash to smithereens  crack  snap

39

ride/rɑɪd/

سوار شدن سواری کردن، راندن

فعل

I'm going to take you for a ride up there and show you some land.
The rest of the ride was pleasant.

sit on  mount  be mounted on  bestride
manage  handle

40

dilemma/dəˈlem.ə/

دوراهی معضل، مخمصه

اسم

He made an attempt to resolve the long-standing dilemma.
Prodding Martha to talk out her dilemma helped, didn't it?

quandary  predicament  difficulty  problem  puzzle

41

seizure/ˈsiːʒər/

حمله ناگهانی (بیماری)

اسم

Cowed by the bold seizure of their leaders, the states of Holland submitted.
An unwarranted seizure for debt was fined, as was the distraint of a working ox.

capture  occupation  takeover  overrunning  annexation

42

wrap/ræp/

بسته‌بندی کردن پیچیدن

فعل

I'm trying to wrap up everything as fast as I can, Logan said.
That evening all the women got together to wrap gifts.

swathe  bundle up  swaddle  sheathe  muffle

43

absolutely/ˈæb.səˌluːt.li/

مسلما قطعا، بی‌شک

قید

"Absolutely not," Gabriel said with a snort.
Cookies are absolutely forbidden.

completely  totally  utterly  perfectly  entirely

44

sexist/ˈseksɪst/

تبعیض‎گرایانه (از لحاظ جنسی) تبعیض‌گرا، جنسیت‌زده

صفت

We have also proscribed some types of talk, racist, sexist.
The sexist comments rising prosperity and a mac mini.

45

urban/ˈɜrbən/

شهری

صفت

It was a scene from another time as Dean's friend and his smiling wife handed the reins to the urban couple.
The town is governed by an urban district council.

built-up  town  city  inner-city  densely populated

46

notice/ˈnoʊtɪs/

متوجه شدن

فعل

I didn't notice how far I was wandering this evening.
Carmen glanced at Alex, but he either didn't notice her attention, or he was avoiding her eyes.

attention  observation  awareness  consciousness  perception

47

ridiculous/rəˈdɪk.jə.ləs/

مسخره مضحک

صفت

What a ridiculous thought.
It was ridiculous to be so frightened of something.

laughable  absurd  comical  funny  hilarious

48

plastic/ˈplæs.tɪk/

پلاستیکی

صفت

That way, no plastic taste.
A small plastic bag fell out of the pocket.

malleable  mouldable  shapable  pliable  pliant

49

obligation/ˌɑb.ləˈgeɪ.ʃən/

وظیفه تعهد، الزام

اسم

Now, you have an obligation to the monster you created.
The only obligation which I have a right to assume is to do at any time what I think right.

duty  commitment  responsibility  moral imperative
function  task

50

split-second/splɪt-ˈsɛkənd/

لحظه‌ای ثانیه‌ای

صفت

In the split second before the cat ducked under the bed, Jessi was aware of the man's size and intense gaze.
If Talon killed Jonny during that split second of vulnerability, before Jonny gained Czerno's powers, he could become the Black God.

51

treat/trit/

رفتار کردن

فعل

Don't treat me that way, Alex.
Treat them with respect and take care of them.

behave towards  act towards  conduct oneself towards  use  serve
deal with

52

order/ˈɔːrd.ər/

سفارش دادن

فعل

The restraining order is for Destiny, not Alex.
Restoring law and order to Ouray County.

sequence  arrangement  organization  disposition  structure

53

announcement/əˈnɑʊn.smənt/

اطلاعیه اعلان

اسم

I'll make the announcement at dawn.
I have an announcement to make.

statement  report  declaration  proclamation  pronouncement
bulletin

54

hero/ˈhɪroʊ/

قهرمان فرد محبوب

اسم

"My dear fellow, you are a hero!" said Bilibin.
"My hero," she smiled.

brave man  champion  man of courage  great man  man of the hour

55

suppose/səˈpoʊz/

فرض کردن گمان کردن، فکر کردن

فعل

I suppose they're both a little artificial.
Yeah, well, I suppose it's a little tough in the winter.

assume  dare say  take for granted  take as read  presume

56

accidentally/ˌæk.sɪˈden.təl.i/

تصادفا اتفاقی

قید

I can cover up the girls who accidentally get hit by cars.
The gates have locks on them so that they won't be accidentally left open.

fortuitously  by accident  by chance  by a mere chance  by a twist of fate

57

claim/kleɪm/

مطالبه کردن

فعل

They claim there's not enough evidence it's him.
She went to claim it.

assert  declare  profess  maintain  state

58

description/dəˈskrɪp.ʃən/

توصیف شرح

اسم

He called the station and reported the description of the vehicle.
Howie obtained a full description of the man and his vehicle and the license plate number.

account  explanation  elucidation  illustration  representation

59

modesty/ˈmɑdəsti/

فروتنی تواضع

اسم

It is considered essential to modesty to cover the head.
Before she could escape into the modesty of the robe, he pulled her toward him.

self-effacement  humility  lack of vanity  lack of pretension  unpretentiousness
shyness

60

construction worker/kənˈstrʌkʃən ˈwɜrkər/

کارگر ساختمانی

اسم

61

wonder/ˈwʌn.dər/

کنجکاو بودن از خود پرسیدن، فکر کردن

فعل

"I wonder if this is how he felt," he mused to himself.
I was beginning to wonder if you were ever going to arrive.

awe  admiration  wonderment  fascination
surprise  astonishment

62

quantity/ˈkwɑntəti/

مقدار کمیت

اسم

Why such a quantity of churches?
But there is any quantity of oatmeal, which we often cook for breakfast.

amount  number  total  aggregate  sum

63

mention/ˈmen.tʃən/

اشاره کردن (به طور مختصر) خاطرنشان کردن

فعل

He didn't even mention her family.
If you mention his name to Alex, you'll find out why she feels that way.

allude to  refer to  touch on  touch upon  speak briefly of

64

en route/ɛn rut/

در راه در مسیر

قید

on the way  in transit  on the journey  during the journey  during transport

65

cost/kɔːst/

هزینه داشتن قیمت داشتن

فعل

It must have cost a fortune!
That must have cost you a pretty penny.

price  asking price  market price  selling price  fee

66

jump/dʒʌmp/

پریدن

فعل

Would anyone not jump in anyway?
It could jump up and charge you.

leap  spring  bound  hop  bounce
skip

67

recyclable/riˈsaɪkləbəl/

قابل بازیافت قابل بازیابی

صفت

While you're shopping for all natural shaving products, you might also want to pick up a "green" razor, such as the Preserve Recyclable, which is made from 100 percent recycled plastic.
In fact, you may be surprised to learn that all of the Miele appliances are manufactured using green sustainable business practices and all of their products are green, meaning each is recyclable.

68

throw away/θroʊ əˈweɪ/

دور انداختن

فعل

disposable  expendable  one-use  non-returnable  one-way

69

invoice/ˈɪnvɔɪs/

فاکتور

اسم

As you suggested, I will repack the fixtures in their original packaging materials and ship them by UPS using the return invoice which you just emailed to me.
Once the insurance company has looked over the claim to make sure that it is a covered service, they will send a check to the care provider, which will then send you an invoice marked "paid in full."

bill  account  statement  statement of charges  itemization

70

flight/flɑɪt/

پرواز

اسم

A blowing snow storm delayed our flight north.
Owing to the rapidity of the French flight and the Russian pursuit and the consequent exhaustion of the horses, the chief means of approximately ascertaining the enemy's position--by cavalry scouting-- was not available.

flying  soaring  gliding
aviation  flying  air transport

71

can/kæn/

کنسرو قوطی (فلزی)

اسم

Can you watch the house for me while I'm gone?
I can do it.

tin, canister
jerrycan, oilcan
container, receptacle, vessel

72

ethic/ˈeθɪk/

اخلاق اصول اخلاق

اسم

His ethic had little which was distinctive.
Knight, The Christian Ethic (1893); J.

73

next/nekst/

آینده بعد

صفت

Maybe he'd think about it next time.
When the next company of Gargoyles advanced, our adventurers began yelling as if they had gone mad.

following  succeeding  to come  upcoming
neighbouring  adjacent

74

fellow/ˈfeloʊ/

هم- [صفت نمایش اشتراک و تعلق به گروه]

صفت

The fellow worker promised to dig around and telephone back.
I would ask my fellow fool for a boon.

man  boy
person  individual  soul
guy  lad

75

would/wʊd/

[فعل کمکی حالت شرطی]

فعل

Would you like to read his speech?
That would be the best way.

76

value/ˈvæl.juː/

ارزش قیمت

اسم

I value my life too much.
That was its value to him.

price  cost  worth
market price  selling price  asking price

77

missing/ˈmɪs.ɪŋ/

گمشده

صفت

She was missing something.
One word was missing in all that...

lost  mislaid  misplaced  nowhere to be found  absent

78

undercharge/ˈʌndərʧɑrʤ/

کم حساب کردن (از کسی) کم پول گرفتن

فعل

79

whose/huz/

مال چه کسی مال کی

ضمیر

Whose goals are we talking about here, mine or yours?
So whose bones are they?

80

already/ɔːlˈred.i/

از قبل قبلا

قید

We have already seen this method work.
What are you going to hide from me that I haven't already seen?

by that time  by this time  by now  by then  thus far

81

total/ˈtoʊt̬.əl/

کل مجموع

صفت

He treated her with total respect.
Since then he had treated her with total respect.

entire  complete  whole  full  comprehensive

82

homeless/ˈhoʊmləs/

بی‌خانمان سرگردان، آواره

صفت

She was a homeless girl – kind of put me in mind of you.
They sat on that table for two weeks, then I finally took them to a homeless shelter.

without a roof over one's head  on the streets  vagrant  sleeping rough  living rough
destitute

83

nearby/nɪrˈbɑɪ/

نزدیک

صفت

A woman nearby was staring at her.
Two uniformed officers nearby turned their heads.

not far away  not far off  close at hand  near at hand  close by

84

realize/ˈrɪə.laɪz/

فهمیدن پی بردن

فعل

Do you realize how close you came to running right into a bear?
I didn't realize you felt that way.

register  perceive  discern  be aware of  become aware of

85

forward/ˈfɔːr.wərd/

(رو به) جلو

قید

She stepped forward and hugged him.
She stepped forward and pulled the newspaper down with one hand.

ahead  forwards  onwards  onward  on

86

return/rɪˈtɜrn/

برگرداندن پس دادن

فعل

I've gotta return to Florida.
I have something to return to you.

go back  come back  get back  arrive back  arrive home

87

gap/gæp/

فاصله شکاف، درز

اسم

gap above mentioned.
There was already a sizable gap between her wagon and the one in front of her.

opening  aperture  space  breach  chink

88

assignment/əˈsɑɪn.mənt/

تکلیف

اسم

Ikir sent me on assignment to spy on him.
Darian hoped his excitement at the assignment didn't show.

task  piece of work  piece of business  job  duty

89

collect/kəˈlekt/

برداشتن گرفتن، تحویل گرفتن

فعل

I collect facts that are out there in the public domain.
"I'll send someone up to collect," Gabe replied.

gather  accumulate  assemble
amass  stockpile  pile up

90

ought to/ɔt tu/

باید

فعل

91

split second/splɪtˈsɛkənd/

کسری از ثانیه صدم ثانیه

اسم

92

right/rɑɪt/

درست صحیح

صفت

Right now she didn't care where they were.
Do you have to go back right away?

just  fair  equitable  good  upright

93

had better/hæd ˈbɛtər/

باید بهتر است (که)

فعل

94

cashier/kæˈʃɪr/

صندوق‌دار

اسم

The cashier shrugged but complied with his request, writing up an additional charge slip.
She paid the cashier with the remainder of her Euros and returned for a hot shower.

clerk  bank clerk  teller  bank teller  banker

95

inspect/ɪnˈspɛkt/

بازرسی کردن بررسی کردن

فعل

The state supervisors must inspect each state prison camp and each county prison camp every thirty days.
After America's entrance into the World War he went to Europe in 1918 to attend conferences and to inspect the U.S. naval forces, and early in 1919 was in charge of their demobilization.

examine  check  check over  scrutinize  vet

96

cover/ˈkʌv.ər/

پوشش دادن شامل شدن، در بر گرفتن

فعل

She crossed her arms, forcing herself not to cover her neck as four sets of eyes landed there.
Cora coughed to cover up her laugh.

put something on top of  place something over  place under cover
protect  shield  shelter
envelop

97

receipt/rɪˈsiːt/

رسید

اسم

He swore he was in St. Louis, and had a receipt to prove it.
He ran down the receipt that was found in Byrne's car.

receiving  reception  getting  obtaining  gaining
acceptance
arrival

98

wad/wɑd/

توده کوچک گلوله، مچاله

اسم

lump  mass  chunk  hunk  wedge

99

doubt/daʊt/

شک داشتن تردید داشتن

فعل

uncertainty  lack of certainty  unsureness  indecision  hesitation

100

put back/pʊt bæk/

سر جای خود گذاشتن

فعل

101

should/ʃʊd/

باید اجبار داشتن، بایستن

فعل

She should wash them, but there wasn't time.
It should be ready now.

102

tag/tæɡ/

برچسب

اسم

I'm gonna put a tag in it.
Then we played tag across the country chasing Byrne.

label  ticket  badge  mark  marker

103

shelf/ʃelf/

قفسه

اسم

The continental plateau might for purposes of detailed study be divided into the continental shelf from - 660 ft.
This shelf was chosen in 1909 as the site of the public offices of the Union.

ledge  bracket  sill  rack
bookshelf  mantelshelf

104

own/oʊn/

خود مال خود

صفت

Was it greedy to want one of their own as well?
They must be cultivating their own language.

personal  individual  particular  private  personalized

105

check/tʃek/

صورتحساب

اسم

Why not check it out?
I'll check into that too.

examine  inspect  look at  look over  scrutinize

106

wallet/ˈwɑl.ɪt/

کیف پول

اسم

Get out your wallet, honey.
Alex paid for his ticket and tucked the wallet inside his suit jacket.

notecase, purse, pouch, pochette
billfold, pocketbook

107

have to/hæv tu/

باید [برای بیان لزوم]

فعل



به اشتراک بگذارید :


پیشنهاد ویژه

تماس

کلاس خصوصی کلاس خصوصی