درس 1


ردیف

واژه

معنی

نقش گرامری

1

meet/miːt/

ملاقات کردن دیدن، دور هم جمع شدن، آشنا شدن

فعل

It's nice to meet you both.
I want you to get your things and meet me at the mission.

encounter  meet up with  come face to face with  make contact with  run across

2

fascinated/ˈfæs.əˌneɪt̬.ɪd/

مجذوب شیفته

صفت

It was hard to look at his face without being fascinated by the color of his eyes.
She watched, fascinated, as the storm crept closer.

engross  captivate  absorb  interest  enchant

3

put/pʊt/

گذاشتن قرار دادن

فعل

She put on her red dress.
He put a spoon in her hand.

place  set  put down  set down  lay

4

case/keɪs/

مورد

اسم

But this is not the case historically.
Don't plead my case for me.

instance  occurrence  occasion  manifestation  demonstration

5

take/teɪk/

(از مسیر بخصوصی) رفتن

فعل

I can take care of myself.
We'll take care of them together.

lay hold of  take hold of  get hold of  get into one's hands
grasp  grip

6

negative/ˈnɛgətɪv/

منفی

صفت

What makes you so negative about him?
I try to resurrect my first impression of Howard Abbott not colored by Quinn's negative appraisal.

saying ‘no’  in the negative  rejecting  refusing
dissenting  dissentient

7

pocket/ˈpɑk.ɪt/

جیب

اسم

He pulled out a pocket watch and looked at it.
She dug it out of her pocket and opened it.

compartment  pouch  receptacle  sack  cavity
means

8

small talk/smɔl tɔk/

گفت‌وگوی خودمانی (مودبانه) خوش و بش

اسم

9

conference/ˈkɑnfərəns/

همایش کنفرانس

اسم

The conference room was silent, the air purified, the lighting perfect.
"We've got a problem," he said as we gathered around our conference table, a cold cup of coffee in each of our hands.

congress  meeting  convention  seminar  colloquium

10

thumb/θʌm/

شست

اسم

digit  first digit  opposable digit
pollex
press  push  push down

11

thrilling/ˈθrɪl.ɪŋ/

هیجان‌انگیز جذاب

صفت

One day we had a thrilling experience.
Martha asked if she'd like to hold the baby, thrilling Molly further.

exciting  stirring  action-packed  rip-roaring  gripping

12

gesture/ˈʤɛsʧər/

اشاره کردن

فعل

Dropping off home-cooked meals was a very nice gesture.
That was a nice gesture on someone's part.

signal  signalling  sign  signing  motion

13

tour/tʊr/

گردش تور گردشگری

اسم

It's so lovely a tour on a spring afternoon.
Nice cars, nice enough house, but the tour bus doesn't bother to point out their digs.

excursion  journey  expedition  trip  jaunt

14

aggressive/əˈgres.ɪv/

پرخاشگر پرخاشگرانه، تندخو

صفت

True to his word, he was aggressive without hurting her.
But in spite of his aggressive behavior, she felt safe with him.

hostile  belligerent  bellicose  antagonistic  truculent
pugnacious

15

forget/fərˈget/

فراموش کردن

فعل

I said forget it.
Don't forget your manners.

fail to remember  fail to recall  fail to think of  let slip
leave behind  omit to take

16

reacquaint/ˌriəˈkweɪnt/

دوباره آشنا کردن دوباره آشنا شدن

فعل

17

thrilled/θrɪld/

هیجان‌زده خوشحال

صفت

He was thrilled with the news!
Betsy was thrilled to lead the game.

excitement  feeling of excitement  thrilling experience  stimulation  sensation

18

topic/ˈtɑpɪk/

موضوع

اسم

The topic is so perplexing, and possibilities V.
Lori was a topic he didn't want to discuss with anyone.

subject  subject matter  theme  issue  matter

19

point/pɔɪnt/

اشاره کردن

فعل

There was no point in working herself up this way.
At some point she fell asleep.

tip  sharp end  tapered end  end  extremity
prong

20

take a picture/teɪk ə ˈpɪkʧər/

عکس گرفتن

عبارت

21

index finger/ˈɪndeks fɪŋɡər/

انگشت اشاره

اسم

22

contraction/kənˈtrækʃn/

اختصار (دستور زبان)

اسم

The active contraction of muscular tissue has no counterpart in the plant.
The loose material may, and in an arid region does, consist only of portions of the higher parts of the surface detached by the expansion and contraction produced by heating and cooling due to radiation.

shrinking  reduction in size  shrinkage
decline  decrease  diminution

23

frightened/ˈfraɪ.tənd/

ترسیده وحشت‌زده

صفت

I've never been so frightened in my life.
He was frightened and ready to cry.

scare  startle  alarm  terrify  petrify

24

light/lɑɪt/

ملایم سبک

صفت

She handed him a light blue shirt.
He flipped on the light and Lisa turned to get some coffee cups.

illumination  brightness  luminescence  luminosity  shining

25

carefully/ˈker.fə.li/

بادقت بااحتیاط

قید

She carefully lifted an egg.
Deidre pushed herself up carefully, unable to take her eyes off of Gabriel.

26

middle finger/ˌmɪdl ˈfɪŋɡər/

انگشت وسط

اسم

27

since/sɪns/

از آن زمان از ... تا حالا

حرف اضافه

Since you arrived, she is not sure this is the way.
"It's a long time since we met," he said.

28

mountain/ˈmɑʊnt.ən/

کوه کوهستان

اسم

The cool mountain air made her shiver.
I didn't know this mountain was so tall.

peak  height  elevation  eminence  prominence

29

North American/nɔrθ əˈmɛrəkən/

آمریکای شمالی اهل آمریکای شمالی

اسم

30

know/noʊ/

شناختن آشنایی داشتن

فعل

I know you must be tired, so I will let you rest.
I know they don't like me.

be aware  realize  be conscious  have knowledge  be informed

31

business card/ˈbɪznəs kɑrd/

کارت ویزیت

اسم

32

ring finger/ˈrɪŋ fɪŋɡər/

انگشت حلقه

اسم

33

frightening/ˈfrɑɪt.ən.ɪŋ/

ترسناک وحشتناک

صفت

All this talk about bears was frightening her.
I don't care how frightening it will be, I want to go ahead.

terrifying  horrifying  alarming  startling  shocking

34

body language/ˈbɑdi ˈlæŋgwəʤ/

زبان بدن اشارات بدن

اسم

35

describe/dɪˈskraɪb/

توصیف کردن

فعل

I can't describe how helpless I felt.
I can't describe how strange this is, Father.

report  narrate  recount  relate  tell of

36

greet/griːt/

خوشامد گفتن سلام کردن

فعل

She did not even get up to greet him.
She left the door cracked until she heard Jake greet Damian as the leader passed her room.

say hello to  address  salute  hail  halloo
nod to

37

pinkie/ˈpɪŋki/

انگشت کوچک

اسم

Much as I'd like to, I won't ask her if her mother's maiden name was Plotke, nor will I tell her daddy's bones may be taking a motor home trip up the west coast—or that his pinkie is in your jewel case.
He took her wrist and raised his pinkie, where she saw the nail had been filed to a point and reinforced with metal.

38

Korean/kɔˈriən/

کره‌ای [وابسته به کره و مردم آن]

صفت

Korean agriculture suffers from infamous roads, the want of the exchange of seed, and the insecurity of the gains of labour.
By both learned and popular belief in Korea Ki-tze is recognized as the founder of Korean social order, and is greatly reverenced.

39

custom/ˈkʌs.təm/

سنت رسم و رسوم

اسم

That seems to be the custom around here.
Besides, it is not our custom to deliver goods.

tradition  practice  usage  observance  way

40

palm/pɑːm/

کف دست

اسم

prize  trophy  award  crown  wreath

41

interesting/ˈɪn.trə.stɪŋ/

جالب جذاب

صفت

You're a very interesting person.
She had an interesting perspective, and she made him think about things differently.

absorbing  engrossing  fascinating  riveting  gripping

42

world/wɜːld/

جهان دنیا

اسم

There's a world of good you could perform.
All the money in the world couldn't have saved her.

earth  globe  planet  sphere
planet  satellite

43

surely/ˈʃʊr.li/

یقینا مسلما

قید

Surely she would understand.
You surely did not expect to see that Asiatic capital.

it must be the case that  I believe that  assuredly  without question
don't tell me that … not …
certainly  for certain

44

assume/əˈsum/

فرض کردن پنداشتن، فکر کردن، تصور کردن

فعل

presume  suppose  take it  take for granted  take as read

45

fist/fɪst/

مشت

اسم

He dodged her fist and laughed shortly.
He began pounding his fist into his hand.

clenched hand
duke, meat hook, paw, mitt
bunch of fives
nieve

46

appropriate/əˈproʊpriət/

مناسب به جا، درست

صفت

I didn't think it appropriate to tell you who I was.
He couldn't have chosen a more appropriate song.

suitable  proper  fitting  apt
relevant  connected

47

differently/ˈdɪf.rənt.li/

به طور متفاوت متفاوت

قید

But he'd treated her so differently than Sasha.
In this matter, differentiation has proceeded very differently in animals and plants respectively, no nerves or sense organs being structurally recognizable.

48

dish/dɪʃ/

خوراک

اسم

"I'll make it a dinner dish," said Jim.
Katie washed a dish and rinsed it in silence.

bowl  plate  soup plate  platter  salver
serving dish

49

disgusting/dɪsˈgʌs.tɪŋ/

تنفرآمیز حال‌بهم‌زن، چندش‌آور

صفت

"Well there certainly are disgusting people," thought Rostov as he entered.
"The mob is terrible--disgusting," he said to himself in French.

revolting  repellent  repulsive  sickening  nauseating

50

greeting/ˈgriːt̬.ɪŋ/

خوشامدگویی

اسم

After greeting the group with a hearty wave, he proudly handed a surprised Cynthia Dean a wad of bills.
Damian accepted his hand in greeting, looking around.

hello  salute  salutation  address  welcome

51

lobby/ˈlɑbi/

سرسرا

اسم

Davis was in the lobby when she arrived.
I was picking up papers in the lobby and happened to notice the article.

entrance hall  hallway  hall  entrance  vestibule

52

indicate/ˈɪndəˌkeɪt/

نشان دادن اشاره کردن

فعل

Alex had done nothing to indicate he was unhappy with things the way they were now – and yet, he was definitely troubled about something.
This time he didn't simply indicate what he felt.

demonstrate  show  point to  be a sign of  be evidence of

53

each other/iʧ ˈʌðər/

یکدیگر

ضمیر

54

acquaint/əˈkweɪnt/

آشنا کردن آگاه کردن، مطلع کردن

فعل

Acquaint thyself with a physician before thou have need of him.
In the last part of his work he made a praiseworthy attempt to acquaint the Greeks with the character and early history of the Romans.

familiarize  make familiar  make conversant  get up to date  keep up to date
accustom to

55

disgusted/dɪsˈgʌstəd/

منزجر متنفر، دچار تهوع

صفت

Her stomach grumbled but the thought of a ham sandwich disgusted her.
In 1832 the Avenir was condemned, and the disgusted Lamennais left the Roman Church.

revulsion  repugnance  aversion  distaste  abhorrence

56

experience/ɪkˈspɪr.iː.əns/

تجربه سابقه

اسم

He has a lot of experience in these matters.
In the first place she had nineteen months' experience of sight and sound.

skill  practical knowledge  practice
training  learning  education

57

come across/kʌm əˈkrɔs/

اتفاقی ملاقات کردن اتفاقی پیدا کردن، اتفاقی مواجه شدن

فعل

find by chance  meet by chance  meet up with  run into  run across

58

around/əˈrɑʊnd/

سرتاسر

قید

He put an arm around her waist and kissed her cheek.
Turning the truck around, he headed back down the drive.

on every side  on all sides  in all directions  throughout  all over

59

Beijing/ˌbeɪʒˈɪŋ/

پکن [پایتخت چین]

اسم

Standard 28 day tours include visits to Beijing, Xian, Lhasa, Shigatse, Lhatse, Saga, Paryang, Manasarovar Lake, Tarchen, Mt. Kailash, Tarchen, Tsada, Seng Ge Tsangpo, Gertse, Tsochen, Lhatse, Shigatse, Lhasa, and Shanghai.
But Buddhist clergy continue to reject him as a fake or pay only lip service to Beijing's demands to recognize him.

60

finger/ˈfɪŋ.gər/

انگشت

اسم

I was about to deny, but she put a finger to my lips.
He tapped his finger on the paper.

digit
thumb  index finger  forefinger  first finger  middle finger

61

background/ˈbæk.grɑʊnd/

پس زمینه

اسم

I saved it as the background on the iPad.
In the background were the beautiful layered mountains of the White Rock Wildlife Management.

surrounding  surroundings  backdrop  backcloth  framework
scene
setting

62

extremely/ɪkˈstriːm.li/

به شدت شدیدا

قید

It was an extremely easy victory for me.
Danby had rendered extremely important services to William's cause.

very  exceedingly  exceptionally  especially  extraordinarily

63

polite/pəˈlɑɪt/

مودب مودبانه

صفت

I guess I wasn't very polite, making a face like that.
His polite address terrified her.

well mannered  civil  courteous  respectful  deferential

64

formal/ˈfɔːrml/

رسمی

صفت

No. Do they ever have a formal dinner?
Alex was cordial to his father and formal to his sister.

ceremonial  ceremonious  ritualistic  ritual  conventional

65

bow/baʊ/

تعظیم کردن

فعل

Her lips were full, a perfect bow, and her large eyes steady and concerned.
Their weapons were the bow and arrow and stones.

incline the body  incline the head  make an obeisance  make a bow  nod

66

duck/dʌk/

(گوشت) اردک

اسم

I just need a place to duck out of the rain for a bit.
Game birds consist of teal and wild duck, snipe, jungle fowl and peacock.

bob down  bend  bend down  bow down  stoop

67

thumbs-up/θʌmz-ʌp/

شست دست (نشان دادن) موافقت (کردن)

عبارت

Sarah gave him the thumbs up sign.
Escort owner Great site, very informative, big thumbs up.

approval  seal of approval  approbation  endorsement  welcome

68

extended/ɪkˈstɛndəd/

بزرگ‌شده دراز شده، توسعه‌یافته

صفت

He'd extended an olive branch and come back empty-handed.
He extended his hand.

prolonged  protracted  long-lasting  long-drawn-out  drawn out

69

rude/rud/

بی‌ادب گستاخانه، بی‌ادبی

صفت

It simply wasn't like him to be rude like that.
There they might live in peace and safety while all the country round was overrun by rude and barbarous men.

ill-mannered  bad-mannered  impolite  discourteous  impertinent

70

kiss/kɪs/

بوسیدن

فعل

Would you like to kiss me? she whispered almost inaudibly, glancing up at him from under her brows, smiling, and almost crying from excitement.
It is like the kiss of warm lips on my face.

plant a kiss on  brush one's lips against  blow a kiss to  air-kiss
peck  give a peck to

71

informal/ɪnˈfɔːrml/

غیررسمی راحتی

صفت

Basically. Or would've been, if Darkyn hadn't decided to honor the informal deal he made with her.
So why would he suddenly want her to select the clothes he wore to an informal party where he knew no one.

casual  relaxed  easy-going  natural  unceremonious

72

get off on the wrong foot/gɛt ɔf ɑn ðə rɔŋ fʊt/

شروع بدی داشتن قدم اول را اشتباه برداشتن

جمله

73

visitor/ˈvɪzɪtər/

ملاقات‌کننده بازدیدکننده، مهمان

اسم

"You may have a visitor... yesterday," I said as I hung up.
You didn't have a visitor last night.

guest  caller
company
visitant
tourist  traveller  holidaymaker  day tripper

74

climb/klɑɪm/

بالا رفتن صعود کردن

فعل

Then you get back up and continue the climb.
To climb means to go up.

ascend  mount  scale  scramble up  clamber up

75

communicate/kəˈmjuː.nəˌkeɪt/

ارتباط برقرار کردن

فعل

At least she was willing to communicate now.
He was trying to communicate – to improve their relationship.

convey  tell  impart  relay  transmit

76

shake hands/ʃeɪk hændz/

دست دادن (با کسی)

فعل

77

confusing/kənˈfjuː.zɪŋ/

گیج‌کننده

صفت

The words sounded confusing, even to her.
Catharsis can be a confusing emotional experience for some people.

bewildering  baffling  difficult  difficult to understand  unclear

78

gesture/ˈʤɛsʧər/

حرکت ژست

اسم

Dropping off home-cooked meals was a very nice gesture.
That was a nice gesture on someone's part.

signal  signalling  sign  signing  motion

79

sightseeing/ˈsɑɪtˌsiː.ɪŋ/

تماشای اماکن دیدنی

اسم

He got the car because he wanted to do a little sightseeing while he was here.
Passengers can choose from a variety of optional excursions throughout the tour, such as whale watching quests, river rafting, guided hikes, helicopter tours, and other sightseeing options.

80

strange/streɪndʒ/

عجیب بیگانه

صفت

Howard gave him a strange look.
We're seeing something strange out here.

unusual  odd  curious  peculiar  funny

81

safari/səˈfɑri/

سیاحت اکتشافی (به ویژه در افریقا)

اسم

The safari tours were going well.
"He wouldn't have liked my safari animals," he clarified.

82

differ/ˈdɪf.ər/

تفاوت داشتن اختلاف داشتن، فرق داشتن

فعل

The habits and capacities of these two differ, owing to surroundings, irrespectively of tribe.
In one point, however, - the attitude toward the ritual - the two men differ radically.

vary  be different  be unlike  be dissimilar  be distinguishable

83

hug/hʌg/

بغل کردن در آغوش گرفتن

فعل

She gathered it in a hug and smelled deeply of it.
The look on his face made her want to hug him and ease his fear.

embrace  cuddle  squeeze  clasp  clutch

84

mean/miːn/

به معنی (چیزی) بودن معنا داشتن

فعل

I didn't mean to scare you.
"What does that mean?" asked the Princess.

signify  convey  denote  designate  indicate

85

non-verbal/nɑn-ˈvɜrbəl/

غیر کلامی

صفت

Some friends and couples are so good at non-verbal communication that all one partner has to do is give a look and her friend or partner knows exactly what she is thinking.
The problem is that he expected you to understand his non-verbal communication.

86

familiar/fəˈmɪl.jər/

آشنا

صفت

The name wasn't familiar to me.
The familiar voice was carried on the wind.

well known  known  recognized  accustomed
common  everyday

87

top/tɑːp/

بالا

اسم

You're already at the top of your class.
He straddled a chair and leaned his arms across the top of it while he sipped his coffee.

summit  peak  pinnacle  crest  crown

88

indefinite/ɪnˈdɛfənət/

مبهم نامعین، غیر قطعی

صفت

—a guest for an indefinite period of time.
Rostov still had the same indefinite feeling, as of shame.

unknown  indeterminate  unspecified  unlimited  unrestricted

89

quantity/ˈkwɑntəti/

مقدار کمیت

اسم

Why such a quantity of churches?
But there is any quantity of oatmeal, which we often cook for breakfast.

amount  number  total  aggregate  sum

90

definite/ˈdef.ə.nət/

قطعی حتمی

صفت

That woman has a definite problem.
The wind circulation over the Atlantic is of a very definite character.

explicit  specific  express  precise  exact

91

lead/liːd/

موجب شدن سبب شدن، منجر (به چیزی) شدن

فعل

"Lead the way, Romeo," she said dryly.
He's sought out anyone he thinks might lead him in the right direction.

guide  conduct  show  show someone the way  lead the way

92

exchange/ɪksˈtʃeɪndʒ/

مبادله کردن تجارت کردن

فعل

The exchange student was growling at her.
Your life in exchange for keeping the tumor I remove.

interchange  trade  trading  trade-off  swapping

93

try/traɪ/

امتحان کردن

فعل

Why don't you try calling your family again?
Try to stay out of the woods.

attempt  endeavour  make an effort  exert oneself  seek

94

somewhere/ˈsʌm.wer/

جایی یک جا

قید

95

cause/kɔːz/

باعث شدن موجب شدن، ایجاد کردن

فعل

Was that the cause of the tension?
He probably hasn't had any cause to speak French.

source  root  origin  beginning  beginnings

96

misunderstanding/mɪsˌʌn.dərˈstændɪŋ/

سوءتفاهم

اسم

There are materials for misunderstanding here.
"It was a misunderstanding," she managed, her face hot.

misinterpretation  misconstruction  misreading  misapprehension  misconception
mistake

97

quickly/ˈkwɪk.li/

سریع به سرعت

قید

The storm passed quickly, but the night remained warm.
I quickly accessed my options.

fast  swiftly  rapidly  speedily  at high speed

98

affirmative/əˈfɜːrmətɪv/

مثبت

صفت

If the answer was in the affirmative, a day was fixed for the voting in the eighth prytany.
In a plebiscite taken on the subject of the imperial title and the law of succession, there were 3,5 72, 3 2 9 affirmative votes and only 2569 negatives.

positive  assenting  consenting  agreeing  concurring



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