درس 9


ردیف

واژه

معنی

نقش گرامری

1

thank goodness!/θæŋk ˈgʊdnəs/

خدا را شکر!

حرف ندا

2

local/ˈloʊ.kəl/

قطار محلی اتوبوس محلی

اسم

The decision produced a local uproar.
The local police think it's tied into the kidnapping he 'solved'.

community  district  neighbourhood  regional  city

3

injury/ˈɪnʤəri/

صدمه آسیب

اسم

It wasn't just the injury and meds that made Lana's head spin.
Mr. Dean, would you please discuss the circumstances of your injury in the line of duty?

wound  bruise  cut  gash  tear

4

final/ˈfaɪnəl/

پایانی آخرین، آخر

صفت

He makes final decision on things.
But there was satisfaction in seeing from day to day the evidence of growing mastery and the possibility of final success.

last  closing  concluding  finishing  end

5

means/miːnz/

وسیله ابزار، شیوه، راه

اسم

He means, we're in no rush.
If it means that much to you, there is a way.

method  way  manner  mode  measure

6

turn/tɜrn/

پیچیدن

فعل

But let's see how things turn out.
He reached back and tried to turn on the lights.

go round  revolve  rotate  spin  go round and round

7

rental/ˈrentl/

کرایه

اسم

He strode to his rental car with new confidence.
We have an out of state rental car and no one could possibly recognize either of us.

8

could/kʊd/

توانستن [شکل گذشته ی فعل can]

فعل

What could he do about it but lose more sleep?
I wish you could hear yourself talking.

9

window seat/ˈwɪndoʊ sit/

صندلی کنار پنجره (هواپیما و ...)

اسم

10

compensate/ˈkɑmpənˌseɪt/

غرامت دادن خسارت دادن

فعل

These advantages compensate for the greater first cost.
Water-power and petrol largely compensate for the lack of coal.

make amends  make up  make restitution  make reparation  make recompense

11

railroad/ˈreɪl.roʊd/

راه‌آهن

اسم

Hadley, Railroad Transportation, Its History and Laws (New York, 1885); E.
The railroad is close enough now that wagons can reach it from Ashley faster than we can cross the desert.

12

taxi/ˈtæk.si/

تاکسی

اسم

"I could call a taxi," she said.
He still relied on a taxi to get him from his apartment to Peabody.

13

look for/lʊk fɔr/

(به) دنبال (چیزی) گشتن

فعل

search for  hunt for  seek  look about for  look around for

14

stuck/stʌk/

گیر کرده

صفت

He'll be stuck to that TV for hours.
The woman stuck out her hand.

fixed  fastened  attached  glued  pinned
immovable

15

seasick/ˈsiːsɪk/

دریازده

صفت

Their passengers may get a bit seasick, but we're liable to sink.
The crossing of the Irish Sea took two days and Jenny was very seasick.

16

boarding pass/ˈbɔrdɪŋ pæs/

کارت عبور کارت ویژه سوار شدن (به هواپیما یا کشتی)

اسم

17

inconvenience/ˌɪnkənˈvinjəns/

مزاحمت دردسر، زحمت

اسم

trouble  bother  problems  disruption  nuisance value

18

cancellation/ˌkænsəˈleɪʃən/

لغو فسخ

اسم

In case of partial destruction, the lessee may, according to circumstances, demand either a diminution of the price, or the cancellation of the lease.
Through confiscation of money, and deposits in banks removed to Russia, cancellation of shares, destruction of private and public bonds, and loss of interest, a loss of 379,- 000,000 gold rubles was caused by Russia, and 6,000,000 marks by Germany.

19

pay attention/peɪ əˈtɛnʃən/

توجه کردن

فعل

listen  be attentive  attend  concentrate on  concentrate on hearing

20

shortly/ˈʃɔːrt.li/

به زودی

قید

The snow started shortly after they left and the wind blew it horizontal.
I haven't seen them since shortly after the two of you left to ski.

soon  directly  presently  quite soon  in a short time

21

abandon/əˈbæn.dən/

ترک کردن رها کردن، دست کشیدن

فعل

She couldn't abandon her babies to him, even if he was their father.
Arrived in the river Plate in 1527, rumours reached Cabot of mineral wealth and a rich and civilized empire in the far interior, and he resolved to abandon surveying for exploration.

renounce  relinquish  dispense with  forswear  disclaim

22

limousine/ˈlɪməˌzin/

لیموزین (نوعی اتومبیل)

اسم

Señor Medena said goodbye to them at the house, but Alondra and Felipa rode with them in the Limousine to the airport.
If you don't feel like driving, you do have the option to go by bus from Downtown Seattle; by limousine if you wish to take a private luxury shopping trip; and by shuttle from various suburbs, though a reservation is needed.

23

advice/ədˈvɑɪs/

نصیحت راهنمایی، مشاوره، پیشنهاد

اسم

guidance  advising  counselling  counsel  help

24

coincidence/koʊˈɪn.səd.əns/

اتفاق تصادف

اسم

It wasn't a coincidence he was there.
Granted, they are probably random occurrences, but the coincidence bothers me.

accident  chance  serendipity  fate  a twist of fate

25

depart/dɪˈpɑrt/

راه افتادن (وسیله نقلیه) حرکت کردن

فعل

the branches depart at right angles, at intervals of about a foot.
I depart for the Orient with all the means of success at my disposal.

leave  go  go away  go off  take one's leave

26

rapid/ˈræpəd/

سریع تند

صفت

Every year Santa Claus takes a journey over the world in a sleigh drawn by a strong and rapid steed called "Rudolph."
Astonished, she watched the rapid battle.

quick  fast  swift  speedy  high-speed

27

nonstop/ˌnɑnˈstɑp/

بی‌وقفه یکسره (اتوبوس و ...)، بدون توقف

صفت

He chatted nonstop about the good old long-past summers.
Donald Ryland kept up a nonstop conversation with his son and front seat companion, as they whipped along the highway.

continuous  incessant  unceasing  ceaseless  constant

28

in fact/ɪn fækt/

در حقیقت در واقع

قید

actually  in actuality  in actual fact  really  in reality

29

afterward/ˈæf.tər.wərd/

بعد از آن سپس

قید

What became of him afterward our friends never knew.
Afterward he left, shutting the door with force.

later  later on  subsequently  then  after

30

advantage/ədˈvæn.t̬ɪdʒ/

مزیت

اسم

We took full advantage of our opportunity.
Did he arrange to have Alex out of the way, or was he simply taking advantage of the situation?

benefit  value  reward  merit  good point

31

reserve/rɪˈzɜːrv/

رزرو کردن

فعل

Despite his reserve, he could tell Dusty liked her.
Our reserve units were able to join up, and the fight was at an end.

put to one side  put aside  set aside  lay aside  keep back
keep

32

hurry/ˈhɜr.i/

عجله کردن با عجله رفتن، هول کردن

فعل

"Hurry, Iggy," Dusty advised.
Well, hurry up and wrap it.

be quick  hurry up  move quickly  go fast  hasten

33

canceled/ˈkænsəld/

لغو شده کنسل شده

صفت

They say the flight isn't canceled yet so let's hope Montrose stays clear enough, at least for another hour or two.
Fred introduced him as the biker who was riding on the canceled reservation of Pat Corbin.

call off  abandon  scrap  drop
postpone  mothball
scrub

34

luggage/ˈlʌg.ɪdʒ/

چمدان بار و بنه

اسم

Alex collected their luggage and had it loaded in the car.
She heaved the heavy luggage up to the bed.

baggage  bag and baggage  things  gear  belongings

35

arrive/əˈrɑɪv/

رسیدن

فعل

We expect visitors to arrive soon.
They wouldn't arrive until after 6:00 at the earliest.

come  get here  get there  reach one's destination  make it

36

habit/ˈhæbət/

عادت

اسم

They had a habit of disappearing.
It gets to be a habit after all these years.

practice  custom  pattern  routine  style

37

disadvantage/ˌdɪs.ədˈvæn.t̬ɪdʒ/

اشکال عیب، کاستی، ضرر

اسم

The king of Servia was killed and his army cut to pieces, though the Turks numbered but 40,000 and had all the disadvantage of the position.
with wireless telegraph transmitters, in which the oscillatory discharge of a condenser is used to create oscillations in an antenna, labours under the disadvantage that the time occupied by the oscillations is a very small fraction of the total time of actuation.

drawback  snag  downside  stumbling block  catch

38

north/nɔːrθ/

شمال

اسم

Jenn looked north and began walking.
Dean was several miles north of Ridgway, fifteen miles from Ouray.

northern  northerly  northwardly  Arctic  polar
boreal
hyperborean
borean

39

hotel/hoʊˈtel/

هتل

اسم

Well, if they turn you out, we'll just get a room at a hotel in Bartlesville.
If you want me to get a hotel room, I totally understand.

inn
motel  boarding house  guest house  lodge  bed and breakfast

40

instruction/ɪnˈstrʌk.ʃən/

دستورالعمل راهنمایی

اسم

You don't need an instruction manual.
Following the nurses instruction, she gently stroked his cheek.

order  command  directive  direction  decree

41

sure/ʃʊr/

حتما البته

حرف ندا

He sure is a nice guy.
Sure. Is it someone your family knew?

certain  positive  convinced  definite  confident

42

exit/ˈek.sət/

خارج شدن

فعل

You people need an exit strategy.
The two men herded them to the cellar's exit as the leader spoke.

way out  door  egress  passage out  escape route
doorway

43

change/tʃeɪndʒ/

تغییر

اسم

alter  make different  become different  undergo a change  make alterations to

44

online/ˌɑːnˈlaɪn/

آنلاین

صفت

"It's online?" she exclaimed.
I'll send you the link to our online forum.

45

book/bʊk/

رزرو کردن

فعل

A coloring book and crayons kept her busy while they worked and talked.
He put the book down and slowly stood.

volume  tome  work  printed work  publication

46

suggestion/səgˈdʒes.tʃən/

پیشنهاد

اسم

Next suggestion, Mr. Investigator.
The boy smiled at the suggestion, but Shipton shook his head no.

proposal  proposition  motion  submission  recommendation
advice

47

go through/goʊ θru/

عبور کردن گذر کردن

فعل

undergo  experience  face  suffer  be subjected to

48

show up/ʃoʊ ʌp/

رسیدن حاضر شدن، سر و کله پیدا شدن

فعل

be visible  be obvious  be seen  be revealed  be conspicuous

49

check-in/ʧɛk-ɪn/

محل پذیرش (هتل، فرودگاه و ...)

اسم

A luggage tag can be anything from a paper ID tag obtained at the airport check-in desk to a luxurious suede-covered tag.
Children will enjoy the chocolate chip cookie they receive at check-in, while the parents will appreciate the privacy offered by the separate bedrooms and living rooms.

report  report one's arrival  record one's arrival  book oneself in  book in

50

daily/ˈdeɪ.li/

روزانه

قید

He thanked me and went about his daily business.
There is daily steam communication (often interrupted in bad weather) with Civitavecchia from Golfo degli Aranci (the mail route), and weekly steamers run from Cagliari to Naples, Genoa (via the east coast of the island), Palermo and Tunis, and from Porto Torres to Genoa (calling at Bastia in Corsica and Leghorn) and Leghorn direct.

done every day  occurring every day  produced every day  everyday  day-to-day

51

change/tʃeɪndʒ/

عوض کردن (هواپیما و اتوبوس و ...) خط عوض کردن

فعل

alter  make different  become different  undergo a change  make alterations to

52

one-way/ˌwʌn ˈweɪ/

یک‌طرفه یکسره

صفت

That was one way Alex had followed her lead.
It doesn't matter to me one way or another, but I wish you would at least make an effort at seeing his side of it.

53

map/mæp/

نقشه

اسم

He frowned at the map before him.
He needed a written map to perform simple chores like finding a grocery store or getting around Boston.

plan  chart
chart  plot  delineate  draw

54

strong/strɔːŋ/

نیرومند قوی، پرقدرت

صفت

He was strong and ready for every duty.
A strong hand shot out and grasped her arm.

powerful  muscular  brawny  well built  powerfully built

55

express/ɪkˈspres/

قطار سریع‌السیر

اسم

I cannot find words to express to you my displeasure.
At the time she had thought he was trying to express his love.

communicate  convey  indicate  show  demonstrate

56

counter/ˈkɑʊn.t̬ər/

پیشخوان سطح صاف میز، باجه

اسم

Carmen grabbed the thermometer from the counter and gave it to him.
Noticing a deck of cards on the counter, she paused.

worktop  work surface  worktable  table  bench

57

limit/ˈlɪm.ət/

محدود کردن

فعل

We have to limit the strain we place him under or he'll break.
There is a certain limit of time in less than which no amount of heat can melt the snow.

boundary  border  boundary line  bound  bounding line

58

additional/əˈdɪʃ.ən.əl/

اضافی فرعی

صفت

The man had an additional distinction.
There was additional news.

extra  added  supplementary  supplemental  further

59

choose/tʃuːz/

انتخاب کردن

فعل

I had hoped he'd choose your sister.
Don't make me choose between you and my mother, Adrienne.

select  pick  pick out  opt for  plump for

60

need/niːd/

نیاز داشتن احتیاج داشتن

فعل

He did not need anything of that kind.
There was no need to rush.

require  be in need of  stand in need of  have need of  want

61

empty/ˈem.ti/

خالی تهی

صفت

My house was not empty though I was gone.
It was an empty vodka bottle.

vacant  unoccupied  uninhabited  untenanted  clear

62

class/klæs/

درجه کلاس

اسم

Now tell me what kind of class you're attending.
He skipped the class on good nom de plumes.

category  grade  rating  classification  group

63

mechanical/məˈkænɪkəl/

مکانیکی

صفت

His voice sounded mechanical to his own ears.
The advances were not merely mechanical but chemical as well.

mechanized  machine-driven  automated  automatic  motor-driven

64

seat/siːt/

جا (ی نشستن) صندلی

اسم

The princess, picking up her dress, was taking her seat in the dark carriage, her husband was adjusting his saber; Prince Hippolyte, under pretense of helping, was in everyone's way.
Put this on the seat and this to the right.

chair  place  space
seating  seating accommodation  room
buttocks

65

take off/teɪk ɔf/

از زمین بلند شدن (هواپیما) پرواز کردن

فعل

run away  run off  flee  abscond  take flight

66

airport/ˈer.pɔːrt/

فرودگاه

اسم

It rather sounds like an airport paperback.
With everything going on, Carmen didn't have time to worry about flying, but when they were all sitting at the airport, she finally had time to stew over it.

airfield, airstrip, landing strip, runway
heliport, helipad
air station
aerodrome
airdrome
drome

67

can/kæn/

توانستن

فعل

Can you watch the house for me while I'm gone?
I can do it.

tin, canister
jerrycan, oilcan
container, receptacle, vessel

68

likely/ˈlɑɪ.kli/

احتمالا

قید

It was likely a deer trail.
"It's not the only answer, but it's the most likely," Sofi replied.

probable  distinctly possible  to be expected  odds-on  on

69

perk/pɜːrk/

مزیت مزایا (جمع)

اسم

His words seemed to perk up Franny.
Another perk is that in the beginning, water provides a quick drop in weight - quick enough to keep you motivated during those first few hard weeks of a new diet and lifestyle plan.

fringe benefit  additional benefit  benefit  advantage  bonus

70

lady/ˈleɪd.i/

خانم

اسم

That's where the newspaper lady is based.
One lady gave me a box of shells.

woman  member of the fair sex  member of the gentle sex  female
lass  lassie
biddy

71

air conditioning/ˈer.kənˌdɪʃ.ən.ɪŋ/

تهویه هوا

اسم

72

volunteer/ˌvɑlənˈtɪr/

داوطلب شدن

فعل

offer  tender  proffer  present  put forward

73

gate/geɪt/

گیت (فرودگاه) [درب ورود و خروج به هواپیما]

اسم

He opened the gate for her and she went straight to his waiting arms.
She opened the gate and stepped through.

barrier  wicket  wicket gate  lychgate  five-barred gate

74

gentleman/ˈdʒen.t̬əl.mən/

آقا

اسم

A gentleman gave me a beautiful card.
If you decide to leave, I will respect that, but be a gentleman about it.

75

station/ˈsteɪ.ʃən/

ایستگاه

اسم

I left the station, not sure what to do next.
The stage came to a halt in front of the station, and people drifted by, satisfying their curiosity about its occupants.

stopping place  stop  halt  station stop  stage
terminus

76

round-trip/ˌraʊnd ˈtrɪp/

رفت و برگشت

صفت

I'm going down to see her and try to straighten things out—a quick round trip.
While Dean was anxious to retrieve his Jeep without having to make a round trip from town and pay a service station bill to boot, the wisdom of challenging the mother of all storms was looking less prudent by the second.

77

overbook/ˈoʊvərˌbʊk/

بیش از ظرفیت بلیط فروختن (هواپیما و ...) بیش از ظرفیت رزرو کردن

فعل

78

land/lænd/

فرود آمدن رسیدن

فعل

The park borders my land on three sides.
They filled the land with terror.

grounds  ground  fields  open space  open area
property

79

apologize/əˈpɑl.əˌdʒɑɪz/

عذرخواهی کردن

فعل

I am the first to apologize, you know me!
We apologize for the mistake and the inconvenience.

say sorry  express regret  be apologetic  make an apology  ask forgiveness

80

GPS/ʤi-pi-ɛs/

جی‌پی‌اس سامانه موقعیت‌یاب جهانی

اسم

I don't think removing my GPS tracking will dissuade him for long.
The system has data from all their GPS records and infers that to drive across town several times for a place is a stronger vote than eating at the corner restaurant.

81

flight/flɑɪt/

پرواز

اسم

A blowing snow storm delayed our flight north.
Owing to the rapidity of the French flight and the Russian pursuit and the consequent exhaustion of the horses, the chief means of approximately ascertaining the enemy's position--by cavalry scouting-- was not available.

flying  soaring  gliding
aviation  flying  air transport

82

airsick/ɛrsɪk/

پرواززده حالت تهوع گرفتن (در اثر سفر با هواپیما)

صفت

83

announcement/əˈnɑʊn.smənt/

اطلاعیه اعلان

اسم

I'll make the announcement at dawn.
I have an announcement to make.

statement  report  declaration  proclamation  pronouncement
bulletin

84

co-worker/koʊ-ˈwɜrkər/

همکار

اسم

Even if you are lucky enough to have a job, you may find that you're stressed out because you are now picking up all the slack; you are doing your job, plus the job of a co-worker.
When you want to get something special for a friend or co-worker that is retiring and are not sure what type of gift to get, retirement gift suggestions may steer you toward the perfect choice.

85

agent/ˈeɪdʒənt/

مامور عامل

اسم

The agent followed her.
The agent scurried away and Denton immediately turned on her.

representative  negotiator  business manager  emissary  envoy

86

exchange/ɪksˈtʃeɪndʒ/

مبادله کردن تجارت کردن

فعل

The exchange student was growling at her.
Your life in exchange for keeping the tumor I remove.

interchange  trade  trading  trade-off  swapping

87

travel/ˈtræv.əl/

سفر مسافرت

اسم

I would like to travel there.
Travel the way you wish to go.

journey  tour  take a trip  go on a trip  voyage

88

destination/ˌdes.təˈneɪ.ʃən/

مقصد

اسم

When they reached their destination, Alex pulled her aside and gently corrected her.
A heavenly experience, if their destination had been different.

journey's end  end of the line  landing place  point of disembarkation
terminus  station

89

paper/ˈpeɪ.pər/

کاغذ

اسم

I put aside the paper and tried to nap.
Do you have a couple of paper bags?

writing paper  notepaper
newspaper
print  rag
wallpaper  wallcovering
woodchip
Anaglypta  Lincrusta
wrapper

90

disappointment/dɪs.əˈpɔɪnt.mənt/

سرخوردگی دلسردی، یاس

اسم

Disappointment was written in his face.
Fred's disappointment was apparent.

sadness  regret  dismay  sorrow
dispiritedness  despondency

91

lounge/laʊndʒ/

سالن عمومی اتاق استراحت

اسم

Then, on Christmas morning when everyone is awake, we lounge around in our night clothes while we open presents.
They both left the lounge and started down the hall toward the desk.

laze  lie  loll  lie back  lean back

92

happily/ˈhæp.ə.li/

با خوشحالی

قید

They had been happily married for twenty years.
She watched the men eating happily around the table and left the mansion for the gardens.

contentedly  merrily  delightedly  joyfully  gaily

93

aircraft/ˈer.kræft/

هواپیما هواگرد

اسم

This time there was no preliminary bombardment but aircraft were cooperating.
Breathing deeply, she closed her eyes as the pilot maneuvered the aircraft sideways, up and down.

94

Manila/məˈnɪlə/

مانیل [پایتخت کشور فیلیپین]

اسم

terminal of the Manila & Dagupan railway.
MANILA, the capital city and principal port of the Philippine Islands, situated on the W.

95

ship/ʃɪp/

کشتی

اسم

That ship is sinking fast, isn't it?
He told me he got on a ship in Galveston and sailed for three years.

vessel, craft, boat

96

direct/dəˈrekt/

مستقیم راست

صفت

Finally she ducked her head and came to the direct point.
His direct look managed to stir what part of her wasn't already desperate.

straight  undeviating  unswerving
shortest  quickest
non-stop  unbroken

97

to have an accident/tu hæv ən ˈæksədənt/

تصادف کردن

عبارت

98

frequency/ˈfrikwənsi/

تناوب تکرار

اسم

The difference in this case is that it is getting to be a pattern — increasing in frequency and violence.
The female is viviparous, and the young, which, unlike the parent, are provided with a long tail, live free in water; it was formerly believed from the frequency with which the legs and feet were attacked by this parasite that the embryo entered the skin directly from the water, but it has been shown by Fedschenko, and confirmed by Manson, Leiper and others, that the larva bores its way into the body of a Cyclops and there undergoes further development.

rate of occurrence  commonness  frequentness  prevalence  incidence

99

board/bɔrd/

تابلو (اعلانات)

اسم

"After tomorrow, it's back to the drawing board," Quinn said.
I board him at a stable and ride him on weekends.

plank  beam  panel  slat  batten

100

as/æz/

چون

حرف ربط

She's as perfect as she can be.
Her face warmed as she thought of it.

while  just as  even as  at the time that  at the same time that

101

airplane/ˈer.pleɪn/

هواپیما

اسم

It would be the first time in an airplane for her and she wanted details of what to expect.
What was it about the man on the airplane that she found so enticing?

102

type/tɑɪp/

نوع جور، گونه

اسم

She continued to type while I put in the call.
He was too hard to offer the type of empathy she wanted, but he was the man who'd been with her since the beginning of the end.

kind  sort  variety  class  category

103

turn/tɜrn/

پیچ چرخش

اسم

But let's see how things turn out.
He reached back and tried to turn on the lights.

go round  revolve  rotate  spin  go round and round

104

miss/mɪs/

جا ماندن (از)

فعل

fail to hit  be wide of  go wide of  fall short of
fail to catch  drop

105

transportation/ˌtrænspərˈteɪʃən/

حمل و نقل جا به جایی

اسم

Independent carriers cannot run trains over the same line and underbid one another in offering transportation services.
St Joseph is a transportation centre of great importance.

106

helicopter/ˈhel.əˌkɑp.tər/

هلیکوپتر

اسم

We've got a helicopter on the way.
The helicopter dropped and caught.

107

track/træk/

مسیر (معمولا خاکی) جاده

اسم

Couldn't the police track him down?
As they come under one horizon, they shout their warning to get off the track to the other, heard sometimes through the circles of two towns.

path  pathway  footpath  lane  trail

108

traveler/ˈtræv.ə.lər/

مسافر

اسم

The traveler was soon at the door.
I need more people, boss, or a Traveler at least.

passenger  tourist  tripper  tourer  journeyer

109

carsick/ˈkɑrsɪk/

ماشین‌زده دچار تهوع (در اثر سفر با اتومبیل)

صفت

110

plane/pleɪn/

هواپیما

اسم

I'll make a plane reservation.
I'm still not going to watch your plane leave.

flat surface  level surface
the flat  horizontal
level  stage  degree

111

departure/dɪˈpɑr.tʃər/

حرکت (از جایی) عزیمت، عمل رفتن

اسم

But after Bennigsen's departure, the Grand Duke Tsarevich Constantine Pavlovich joined the army.
He failed to acknowledge my departure as I returned to our room.

leaving  going  going away  going off  leave-taking

112

schedule/ˈskedʒ.uːl/

برنامه زمانی برنامه

اسم

Their schedule seems pretty consistent.
Pick up a copy of your schedule as you head out.

plan  programme  timetable  scheme
timetable  agenda

113

in a hurry/ɪn ə ˈhɜri/

عجله داشتن با عجله کاری را انجام دادن

عبارت

114

commonly/ˈkɑːmənli/

معمولا اغلب، عموما

قید

He commonly went off in a rain.
"Chopsticks" are commonly made of wood, bone or ivory, somewhat longer and slightly thinner than a lead-pencil.

often  frequently  regularly  repeatedly  recurrently

115

fly/flɑɪ/

سفر کردن (با هواپیما)

فعل

I have a feeling you're getting ready to fly the coop.
We can't naturally fly, so we make airplanes.

travel through the air  wing its way  wing  glide  soar

116

board/bɔrd/

سوار شدن (هواپیما و ...)

فعل

"After tomorrow, it's back to the drawing board," Quinn said.
I board him at a stable and ride him on weekends.

plank  beam  panel  slat  batten

117

service/ˈsɜrvəs/

خدمت خدمت‎رسانی

اسم

The service was a most pleasant experience.
Your service is eternally appreciated.

work  employment  employ  labour  performance of one's duties
act of assistance

118

confirmed/kənˈfɜrmd/

تصدیق شده تایید شده

صفت

He wouldn't look at her, and that fact confirmed her suspicions.
"I did," Hilden confirmed, also frowning.

established  long-established  long-standing  firm  committed

119

wrong/rɑŋ/

اشتباه غلط، نادرست

صفت

I can neither punish him if he does wrong nor reward him if he does right.
Sometimes I make a mistake and do the wrong thing.

incorrect  mistaken  in error  erroneous  inaccurate

120

arrival/əˈrɑɪ.vəl/

ورود

اسم

Their arrival created a stir in the sleepy little town.
Spring's arrival suggested a garden and Betsy embraced the idea whole heartedly.

coming  advent  appearance  entrance  entry

121

passenger/ˈpæs.ən.dʒər/

مسافر

اسم

He opened the passenger door with a hopeful smile.
He reached the passenger side of the car and held the door open for her.

traveller  commuter  voyager  rider  fare payer

122

reservation/ˌrɛzərˈveɪʃən/

رزرو

اسم

The reservation system says they have availability.
No reservation on either side?

doubt  qualm  scruple
misgivings  scepticism  unease

123

number/ˈnʌm.bər/

تعداد

اسم

numeral  integer  figure  digit
character  symbol
whole number

124

catch/kætʃ/

رسیدن به (وسایل نقلیه) سوار شدن (وسایل نقلیه)

فعل

He paused for a moment to catch his breath.
Some fancy intern catch your eye?

seize  grab  snatch  grab hold of  seize hold of

125

commuter train/kəmˈjutər treɪn/

قطار حومه

اسم

126

early/ˈɜr.li/

زود

قید

It's late and I have to get up early tomorrow.
It was early in the spring, just after I had learned to speak.

advance  forward  prior
initial  preliminary  first

127

predictable/prɪˈdɪk.tə.bəl/

قابل پیش‌بینی

صفت

He's usu­ally very predictable but he surprises everyone once in a while with something totally off the wall.
Like most bugs it is totally understandable and, given hindsight, totally predictable.

foreseeable  to be expected  only to be expected  expected  par for the course
unsurprising

128

overbooked/ˈoʊvərˌbʊkt/

بیش از حد رزرو شده بیش از ظرفیت بلیت فروخته شده

صفت

129

parkway/ˈpɑːrkweɪ/

ایستگاه قطار

اسم

From the same entrance Fort Hamilton Parkway extends 41 m.
From the southern entrance to this park, Ocean Parkway, a fine boulevard, 210 ft.

130

ticket/ˈtɪk.ət/

بلیت بلیط

اسم

on the ticket with Warren G.
They approached the ticket counter with 15 minutes to spare.

pass  warrant  authorization  licence  permit
token

131

security/sɪˈkjʊrəti/

امنیت امنیتی

اسم

The security system didn't recognize her thumbprint.
The lack of security is unsettling.

safety  freedom from danger
protection  safe keeping  shielding  guarding

132

stop/stɑp/

ایستگاه مکان توقف

اسم

If everyone would stop talking about it...
Stop and consider that for a moment.

put an end to  put a stop to  bring to an end  end  bring to a stop

133

instruct/ɪnˈstrʌkt/

فرمان دادن دستور دادن

فعل

My sisters will instruct you in the behavior I expect of you.
I hope Grandma will instruct me on how to make pie using the family recipe so I can share it with my children.

order  command  direct  tell  enjoin

134

get off/gɛt ɔf/

پیاده شدن (از)

فعل

alight  alight from  step off  climb off  dismount

135

train station/ˈtreɪn ˌsteɪ.ʃən/

ایستگاه راه آهن ایستگاه قطار

اسم

136

turn off/tɜrn ɔf/

خاموش کردن

فعل

leave  branch off
take a side road  take another road
make a left  make a right  take a left

137

make a stop/meɪk ə stɑp/

توقف کردن

عبارت

138

deplane/diˈpleɪn/

از هواپیما پیاده شدن هواپیما را ترک کردن

فعل

139

growing/ˈgroʊ.ɪŋ/

رو به رشد در حال افزایش

صفت

He said nothing of his visit to Martha's room and busied himself on the stoop taping a "Dean for Sheriff" poster to a wooden stake before adding it to a growing pile.
My darling little sister is growing very fast.

get bigger  get taller  get larger  increase in size  increase in weight

140

hit/hɪt/

زدن ضربه زدن

فعل

A train hit their car.
You hit the nail again.

strike  slap  smack  cuff  punch

141

terminal/ˈtɜr.mɪn.əl/

پایانه (اتوبوس، هواپیما و ...) ترمینال

اسم

The beetles have feelers with eleven segments, whereof the terminal few are thickened so as to form a club.
I have a terminal brain tumor.

incurable  untreatable  inoperable  end-stage
fatal  mortal

142

sell/sel/

فروختن

فعل

I had a beautiful black once, but I had to sell it.
We didn't sell you the tripod.

dispose of  get rid of  vend  auction  auction off
put up for sale

143

luckily/ˈlʌk.ə.li/

خوشبختانه

قید

Luckily, they were the only ones in the lobby, so quickly obtained a room.
He might have just fallen, luckily closer to the bottom than the top, or he'd be a dead man.

fortunately  happily  providentially  opportunely  by good luck

144

original/əˈrɪdʒ.ən.əl/

اولیه مبتکرانه [نوین]، اصیل

صفت

But she is quite original, strange, new, and unknown.
Meet the original wicked stepmother.

indigenous  native  aboriginal
first  earliest  early

145

lucky/ˈlʌk.i/

خوش‌شانس

صفت

Just consider you got lucky tonight.
"Besides," Quinn interrupted, "If I tried to set Howie that far back we'd be lucky to get within twenty miles of New Bedford and a couple of days of the killing.

fortunate  in luck  blessed  blessed with good luck  favoured

146

modal/ˌmoʊ.dəl/

فعل وجهی (دستور زبان)

اسم

Modal, impersonal, existential judgments are all accounted for.
part 1, p. 41), the mean stature is 66.91 in., the modal 66.96 in., the median lying between the FIG.

147

airline/ˈɛrˌlaɪn/

شرکت هواپیمایی

اسم

A few airline flights went non-smoking.
Two airline tickets were on Dean's desk.

148

business trip/ˈbɪznəs trɪp/

سفر کاری

اسم

149

through/θruː/

از میان از وسط

حرف اضافه

He ran a hand through his hair.
She ran a comb through her hair, deciding not to re-braid the top part.

into and out of  to the far side of  to the other side of  from one side of … to the other  from end to end of

150

train/treɪn/

قطار

اسم

"I know you train with them," he stated.
As slippery and twisted the man was, he knew how to train men to win a battle.

instruct  teach  coach  tutor  give lessons to

151

instead of/ɪnˈstɛd ʌv/

به جای

حرف اضافه

as an alternative to  as a substitute for  as a replacement for  in place of  in lieu of

152

delay/dɪˈleɪ/

تاخیر داشتن عقب انداختن، به تعویق انداختن

فعل

The delay ended up being four hours.
A'Ran approached her then, knowing his journey in the morning would delay the conversation they needed to have.

detain  hold up  make late  retard  keep

153

should/ʃʊd/

باید اجبار داشتن، بایستن

فعل

She should wash them, but there wasn't time.
It should be ready now.

154

death/deθ/

مرگ فوت، مرگ و میر

اسم

I was scared to death I couldn't... get back!
Some things are meant to be, and death is natural for humans.

demise  dying  end  passing  passing away

155

no./ˈnʌmbər/

شماره

اسم

no indeed  absolutely not  most certainly not  of course not  under no circumstances

156

aisle seat/aɪl sit/

صندلی کنار راهرو (هواپیما و ...)

اسم

157

after all/ˈæftər ɔl/

به هر حال در هر صورت، با این وجود، در نهایت

عبارت

most importantly  above all  beyond everything  most of all  ultimately



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