درس 8


ردیف

واژه

معنی

نقش گرامری

1

running/ˈrʌn.ɪŋ/

دو دویدن

اسم

You're running out of time, she said.
Her heart was running a marathon.

sprinting  sprint  racing
jogging  jog
administration  management

2

evidence/ˈev.əd.əns/

مدرک شواهد

اسم

proof  confirmation  verification  substantiation  corroboration

3

conservative/kənˈsɜrvətɪv/

محافظه‌کار

صفت

Pete was conservative with his praise, so she felt honored.
After purchasing a conservative blouse and jeans of quality, she moved on to a less crowded grocery store than the budget one she usually used.

right-wing  reactionary  traditionalist  unprogressive  establishmentarian

4

tourist/ˈtʊr.ɪst/

جهانگرد گردشگر

اسم

This is the time for the tourist to visit India.
But first you have to earn it by helping this tourist who just arrived in town.

holidaymaker  traveller  sightseer  visitor  excursionist

5

necessary/ˈnes.əˌser.i/

لازم ضروری

صفت

Maybe it wasn't necessary to say anything.
Carmen filled out all the necessary paperwork and then settled down for a long wait.

obligatory  requisite  required  compulsory  mandatory

6

indirect object/ɪndəˈrɛkt ˈɑbʤɛkt/

مفعول غیر مستقیم (دستور زبان)

اسم

7

glove/glʌv/

دستکش

اسم

There was an old-school cell phone in the glove box.
He wiped the tear away with a thumb and then opened the glove compartment.

mitten, mitt, gauntlet
dataglove

8

dress/dres/

لباس زنانه پیراهن زنانه

اسم

That dress is really YOU!
He pushed her against the wall, pulling at her dress again.

put on clothes  don clothes  slip into clothes  clothe oneself  get dressed
clothe

9

comfortable/ˈkʌmf.tə.bəl/

راحت آسوده

صفت

I made myself comfortable on the sofa, my arm around Betsy, as we all waited for him to continue.
She'd always felt comfortable around him.

pleasant  free from hardship  well off  well-to-do  affluent

10

setting/ˈsetɪŋ/

محیط فضا

اسم

It was a lovely setting for a home, secluded in wildly beautiful forested hills.
You were setting me up.

surroundings  position  situation  environment  background

11

T-shirt/ˈtiː.ʃɜːt/

تی‌شرت

اسم

Regardless of the type of coat you spring for, ensure that it is big enough to fit for the entire winter, and don't forget to try it on when your child is wearing multiple layers (a shirt and a sweater), instead of only a light T-shirt.
There she changed into jeans, a T-shirt and sneakers.

12

event/ɪˈvɛnt/

رویداد رخداد، نتیجه، اتفاق

اسم

The next important event in my life was my visit to Boston, in May, 1888.
This is the fourth event in the past few days.

occurrence  happening  proceeding  episode  incident

13

underwear/ˈʌn.dərˌwer/

لباس زیر

اسم

Then, impishly, handed her the underwear as well.
It is a business centre for the prosperous farming region by which it is surrounded, and is a shipping point for oysters and fish; among its manufactures are canned fruits and vegetables, flour, hominy, phosphates, underwear and lumber.

14

expensive/ɪkˈspen.sɪv/

گران پر هزینه، گران قیمت

صفت

They were all dressed for a white tie party in expensive tuxedos.
I found Boston is an expensive place to live.

costly  dear  high-priced  high-cost  big-budget

15

skirt/ˈskɜrt/

دامن

اسم

Carmen swirled around, enjoying the feel of the skirt as she eyed her image in the mirror.
She stood up, brushing down her skirt and looked at him.

go round  move round  walk round  circle  circumnavigate
border

16

large/lɑːrdʒ/

بزرگ

صفت

His large eyes were bright and snappy.
The ant was carrying a grain of wheat as large as itself.

big  great  huge  of considerable size  sizeable

17

front/frʌnt/

جلو

اسم

forepart  fore  foremost part  anterior  forefront

18

directory/diˈrɛktəri/

کتاب راهنما فهرست راهنما

اسم

They've got a directory the size of the Philadelphia phone book.
In this Assembly he proposed that " a confession of faith, a catechism, a directory for all the parts of the public worship, and a platform of government, wherein possibly England and we might agree," should be drawn up. This was unanimously approved of, and the laborious undertaking was left in Henderson's hands; but the " notable motion " did not lead to any immediate results.

index  list  listing  register  catalogue

19

special/ˈspeʃ.əl/

خاص ویژه، به خصوص

صفت

It's nice to have that special respect.
I have a special board on which I play these games.

exceptional  particular  extra special  unusual  marked

20

pants/pænts/

شلوار

اسم

His wet pants clung to his legs.
Then I slipped trying to rub mud on my pants to cover it up.

underpants  briefs  Y-fronts  boxer shorts  boxers

21

suit/suːt/

کت و شلوار

اسم

He always looked nice, but normally he would have worn a suit for the occasion.
When he succeeded in forming it to suit her, she patted him on his woolly head so vigorously that I thought some of his slips were intentional.

outfit  set of clothes  costume  ensemble
clothing  dress

22

down/dɑʊn/

انتها امتداد

حرف اضافه

She sat down on the bed and sighed again.
They sat down at the table.

towards a lower position  downwards  downstairs  towards the bottom  from top to bottom
in a lower position

23

wear/wer/

پوشیدن به خود زدن (عطر)، گذاشتن (جواهرات)

فعل

You'd better wear a coat.
You could wear a feed sack at a formal dinner and not look underdressed.

be dressed in  be clothed in  have on  sport
dress in  clothe oneself in

24

tie/taɪ/

کراوات

اسم

You have to tie the bales by hand, though.
Here, tie the rope around your waist.

bind  tie up  tether  hitch  strap

25

last-minute/ˈlæstˌmɪnɪt/

آخرین لحظه دقیقه‌نودی

صفت

26

shoe/ʃu/

کفش

اسم

Maybe he was wondering when the other shoe would fall.
If the shoe fits...

27

loose/luːs/

گشاد (لباس) آزاد

صفت

Cut him loose with a GPS tag.
I can't afford to loose any of them at this point.

not fixed in place  not secure  insecure  unsecured  unattached
detached

28

upstairs/ʌpˈsterz/

طبقه بالا

اسم

The upstairs bedroom would become an office.
Edith's back upstairs with Donnie.

29

institution/ˌɪnstɪˈtuːʃn/

موسسه نهاد، بنیاد

اسم

The laundress at the Perkins Institution secretly carried her off to give her a bath.
You know how the children at the Institution detest it.

organization  establishment  institute  foundation  centre
academy

30

Istanbul/ˌɪstɑnˈbul/

استانبول [شهری در ترکیه]

اسم

Tens of thousands of anti-war demonstrators marching in Istanbul.
Quot i really spent most of Istanbul Rome paris.

31

packing/ˈpækɪŋ/

وسیله جمع کردن

اسم

There was shopping and packing to be done before they left on vacation.
I've been packing my stuff.

packet  container  package  box  crate

32

gift-wrap/gɪft-ræp/

کادوپیچ کردن بسته‌بندی کردن (هدیه)، کادو کردن

فعل

gift-wrap service.
gift-wrap ribbon, or a frill of lace and a posy of artificial flowers.

33

modest/ˈmɑːdɪst/

پوشیده (لباس)

صفت

She collected a handful of the material in modest protest.
Be it as it may, both seem happy as pigeons in a bird bath with their modest lives.

self-effacing  self-deprecating  humble  unpretentious  unassuming

34

cheap/tʃiːp/

ارزان

صفت

inexpensive  low-priced  low-price  low-cost  economical

35

pretty/ˈprɪt̬.i/

خوشگل زیبا، جذاب

صفت

Your aunt and uncle seem pretty fond of you.
Oh, what a pretty sound it made!

attractive  lovely  good-looking  nice-looking  fetching

36

information/ˌɪn.fərˈmeɪ.ʃən/

اطلاعات

اسم

Getting information about him from Katie is too much work.
Of course, she knew Alex well enough now to know he didn't like people to hand out information about him.

details  particulars  facts  figures  statistics

37

noun phrase/naʊn freɪz/

گروه اسمی (دستور زبان)

اسم

38

tip/tɪp/

نصیحت نکته، راهنمایی

اسم

After a silent prayer, I telephoned the tip line.
Actually, the tip of the tip of the iceberg.

point  end  extremity  head  sharp end

39

religious/rəˈlɪdʒ.əs/

مذهبی

صفت

Josh is religious, but there aren't many men who would claim to understand women.
He was buried, with all religious honours, in the church of St Leonard, Basel.

devout  pious  reverent  believing  godly

40

appropriateness/əˈproʊpriətnəs/

تناسب مناسبت

اسم

Without much appropriateness Elisha has been sometimes described as the "Faust of the Talmud."
Choosing the right wedding dress entails appropriateness for the type of ceremony you have planned and the right cut for your figure, and must take into consideration the bride's personal taste and preferences.

41

get/get/

خریدن

فعل

Let's get in out of this cold wind.
Here, then, I made my home; and although it is a lonely place I amuse myself making rustles and flutters, and so get along very nicely.

acquire  obtain  come by  come to have  come into possession of

42

blouse/blɑʊz/

بلوز (زنانه) پیراهن (زنانه)، شومیز

اسم

She wore white slacks, an emerald-green silk blouse and high-heeled shoes.
She was dressed in a pair of light colored slacks, a pale blue blouse and was barefoot.

43

of course/ʌv kɔːrs/

البته

حرف ندا

naturally  as might be expected  as one would expect  as you would expect  needless to say

44

back/bæk/

پشت عقب

اسم

Do you have to go back right away?
It was a long time back, before they were married.

spine  backbone  spinal column  vertebral column
dorsum  rachis
rear

45

big/bɪg/

بزرگ درشت

صفت

That would be a big help.
What a big family it was!

large  sizeable  of considerable size  substantial  considerable

46

dos and don’ts/dɔs ænd doʊnts/

بایدها و نبایدها

عبارت

47

cultural/ˈkʌl.tʃə.rəl/

فرهنگی

صفت

This gave people a shared set of cultural references.
In virtue of its cultural institutions, it is also the intellectual and artistic centre of Hungary.

ethnic  racial  folk
societal  lifestyle
aesthetic  artistic

48

sleeve/sliːv/

آستین

اسم

She clutched his sleeve as he turned away.
He lifted a sleeve and consulted his watch.

49

cash/kæʃ/

پول نقد

اسم

money  ready cash  ready money  currency  legal tender

50

boxer shorts/ˈbɑːksər ʃɔːrts/

شورت لنگه‌دار شورت مردانه

اسم

51

dark/dɑːrk/

تیره پررنگ (توصیف رنگ)

صفت

He looked tall and lean in a dark suit.
At the kitchen door she nearly ran into a dark form.

black  pitch black  pitch dark  inky  jet black

52

polo shirt/ˈpoʊloʊ ʃɜrt/

تی‌شرت یقه‌دار پولوشرت

اسم

53

jewelry/ˈdʒuː.əl.ri/

جواهر جواهرات

اسم

Her jewelry box was tiny and wooden.
She giggled and turned to the dresser, closing the jewelry box lid.

jewels  gems  gemstones  precious stones  semi-precious stones

54

shorts/ʃɔːrts/

شلوارک شلوار کوتاه

اسم

She wore a T-shirt and shorts that revealed her shapely, soft legs.
Faust wore new hiking shorts that exposed bowed legs as white as winter.

small  little  tiny  minuscule
teeny  teeny-weeny
small

55

clothing/ˈkloʊ.ðɪŋ/

لباس

اسم

This is the women's clothing department.
Fat raindrops soaked his clothing and left him chilled.

clothes  garments  articles of clothing  articles of dress  attire

56

anything/ˈen.iːˌθɪŋ/

هر چیز

ضمیر

He does not like to do anything else.
He didn't want anything to do with them, so they didn't exist.

57

interior/ɪnˈtɪriər/

داخلی درونی

صفت

The dark interior set off caution bells again.
Toby called from the interior of the warm car.

inside  inner  internal  intramural
on the inside
inland  inshore

58

hot/hɑːt/

داغ خیلی گرم

صفت

Sunday dawned a sunny hot July day.
Her face felt hot again.

heated  piping  piping hot  sizzling  steaming

59

size/sɑɪz/

اندازه سایز

اسم

It was about the size of mine.
Dean was amazed at the size of the crowd.

dimensions  measurements  proportions  magnitude  largeness

60

short-sleeved/ʃɔrt-slivd/

آستین کوتاه

صفت

Do you have a short-sleeved shirt in there for me?
He wore khakis and a short-sleeved shirt.

61

hosiery/ˈhoʊʒəri/

جوراب فروشی

اسم

The spinning and weaving of cotton and the manufacture of hosiery, of both of which Troyes is the centre, are the main industries of the department; there are also a large number of distilleries, tanneries, oil works, tile and brick works, flour-mills, saw-mills and dyeworks.
The manufacture of woollens, linens, hosiery, furniture, gloves, paper, machinery and tools, carriages, nuts and screws, needles and other hardware goods is carried on.

stockings  tights  stay-ups  nylons
hose
socks  knee socks

62

extra large/ˈɛkstrə lɑrʤ/

خیلی بزرگ سایز خیلی بزرگ

صفت

63

shopper/ˈʃɑːpər/

خریدار مشتری

اسم

The model asks potential business opportunists to picture themselves standing in aisle 18 waiting to check out when another shopper approaches and says something along the lines of, "You must not know the secret of aisle 19.
This way, a West Coast shopper can engage in many activities from beach volleyball to jet skiing; meanwhile East Coasters can engage in other popular summer past times like lounging pool side or going summer night party hopping.

buyer  purchaser  customer  consumer  client

64

sleepwear/ˈsliˌpwɛr/

لباس خواب

اسم

She changed quickly out of her sleepwear and loaded her body down with weapons then drew a knife and her gun.
Menopause Menopause and the discomforts it brings can be relieved by wicking sleepwear.

65

health/helθ/

سلامت سلامتی

اسم

Any deaf child or deaf and blind child in good health can be taught.
We even have health insurance.

good physical condition  healthiness  fitness  physical fitness  well-being

66

price/prɑɪs/

قیمت هزینه

اسم

Then they all agree to set the price per flip at $1,000.
But what a price to pay!

cost  asking price  selling price  charge  fee

67

better/ˈbet.ər/

بهتر

صفت

Better stop by and get Howard Spencer.
We'd better go down for breakfast.

superior  finer  of higher quality  greater  in a different class

68

casual/ˈkæʒəwəl/

معمولی عادی

صفت

Her dress was casual but stunning.
An ant is easily recognized both by the casual observer and by the student of insects.

indifferent  apathetic  uncaring  uninterested  unconcerned
lackadaisical

69

clerk/klɜrk/

فروشنده (فروشگاه و ...)

اسم

A store clerk rushed to help her.
A clerk in the shoe department saw a guy and his wife carrying a child.

office worker  clerical worker  administrator  administrative officer
bookkeeper  record keeper

70

differ/ˈdɪf.ər/

تفاوت داشتن اختلاف داشتن، فرق داشتن

فعل

The habits and capacities of these two differ, owing to surroundings, irrespectively of tribe.
In one point, however, - the attitude toward the ritual - the two men differ radically.

vary  be different  be unlike  be dissimilar  be distinguishable

71

shirt/ʃɜrt/

پیراهن

اسم

"Let's go," Alex said, tucking his shirt into his pants.
She glanced down at her shirt and then laughed with relief.

72

color/ˈkʌl.ər/

رنگ رنگی

اسم

The color is amazing.
Cassie could feel the color draining from her face.

hue  shade  tint  tone  tinge

73

deal/diːl/

قرارداد معامله

اسم

It meant a good deal to him to secure a home like this.
She'd deal with him later.

agreement  understanding  pact  compact  bargain

74

mall/mɔːl/

مرکز خرید پاساژ، مرکز خرید دارای تفرجگاه

اسم

The cinema out in the shopping mall has a 9:40 show.
The mall; where's the mall from here?

shopping precinct  shopping centre  shopping complex  arcade  galleria
plaza

75

pair/per/

جفت دو نفر/تا

اسم

Carmen made a ball out of a pair of socks.
You two make a fine pair, you know that?

set of two  set  matching set  matched set  two of a kind
two

76

worse/wɜːrs/

بدتر شدیدتر

صفت

It was the worse news I could hear.
His silence was worse than his anger.

substandard  poor  inferior  second-rate  second-class

77

v-neck/ˈviː nek/

یقه هفت

اسم

While the loose-fitting cardigan was also trendy in this era, coming into its own as part of the classic twinset, many cardigans were still cut to be V-neck fitted garments that accentuated curves while hugging the waist.
Tattoos peeked from the V-neck of the T-shirt.

nape  scruff
cervix
scrag  halse
kiss  caress  pet
smooch

78

try on/traɪ ɑn/

پوشیدن امتحان کردن (لباس)

فعل

79

flip-flops/ˈflɪp flɑːps/

دمپایی لا انگشتی صندل لا انگشتی

اسم

You can wear them in warm or cool weather, and they are perfect with flip flops.
Sofia slipped on oversized flip-flops Traci dug out of one of the closets.

80

plan/plæn/

برنامه‌ریزی کردن طرح‌ریزی کردن

فعل

I plan on it.
Where did you plan to sleep tonight?

scheme  plan of action  idea  master plan  game plan

81

department store/dɪˈpɑrt.məntˌstɔːr/

فروشگاه بزرگ سوپرمارکت

اسم

82

prepositional phrase/ˌprɛpəˈzɪʃənl freɪz/

گروه حرف اضافه‌ای (دستور زبان)

اسم

83

historic/hɪˈstɔːr.ɪk/

تاریخی

صفت

The great days of Crete lie thus beyond the historic period.
And so it is with the purpose of historic characters and nations.

famous  famed  important  significant  notable

84

oxford/ˈɒksfəd/

کفش آکسفورد [نوعی کفش بنددار]

اسم

The broad Oxford road forms its picturesque main street.
Torelli's monumental edition of the works with the commentaries of Eutocius, published at Oxford in 1792, folio, remained the best Greek text until the definitive text edited, with Eutocius' commentaries, Latin translation, &c., by J.

85

attention/əˈten.tʃən/

توجه

اسم

observation  attentiveness  intentness  notice  concentration

86

more/mɔːr/

تر [نشانه صفت تفضیلی] [با قدرت یا ویژگی بیشتر]، بیشتر

قید

Flying cars, faster cars, more features in cars, we all get that.
Alex had been hiding more than a father.

additional  further  added  extra  increased

87

crew neck/ˌkruː ˈnek/

(تی‌شرت)یقه گرد

اسم

88

medium/ˈmiːd.i.əm/

متوسط

صفت

Wine of medium quality is grown on the banks of the Marne and the Aisne.
OPTICS, the science of light, regarded as the medium of sight (Gr.

means of communication  means of expression  mode of expression  means  method

89

briefs/briːfs/

شورت

اسم

In 1602 Garnet received briefs from Pope Clement VIII.
It was pointless to buy a bikini and wear it only once, so Carmen bought a black push-up bra and some skimpy black briefs trimmed with black ribbon.

underpants, pants, Y-fronts
knickers, bikini briefs
panties
kecks

90

passport/ˈpæs.pɔːrt/

گذرنامه پاسپورت

اسم

But the terms passport and sea-letter are often used indiscriminately.
In its more familiar sense a passport is a.

travel document  travel papers  papers  travel permit  visa

91

clothes/kloʊðz/

لباس

اسم

My clothes don't fit right.
Good. Pack your clothes and come back with me.

clothing  garments  articles of clothing  articles of dress  attire

92

take/teɪk/

رفتن (با وسایل نقلیه) گرفتن (تاکسی)، سوار شدن

فعل

I can take care of myself.
We'll take care of them together.

lay hold of  take hold of  get hold of  get into one's hands
grasp  grip

93

sandal/ˈsæn.dəl/

صندل کفش روباز

اسم

The white sandal heels gave the ensemble a dressy look.
He kept Christmas at Sandal Castle near Wakefield.

94

present/ˈprez.ənt/

هدیه کادو

اسم

in attendance  attending  here  there  near

95

reservation/ˌrɛzərˈveɪʃən/

رزرو

اسم

The reservation system says they have availability.
No reservation on either side?

doubt  qualm  scruple
misgivings  scepticism  unease

96

rule of thumb/rul ʌv θʌm/

حساب سرانگشتی قاعده سرانگشتی، قانون نانوشته

عبارت

97

selection/səˈlek.ʃən/

انتخاب گزینش

اسم

The natural selection process is survival of the fittest.
For English readers the selection in G.

choice  pick  option  preference  election
range

98

go down/goʊ daʊn/

پایین رفتن پایین آمدن

فعل

sink  be submerged  founder  go under
decrease  get lower

99

mosque/mɑsk/

مسجد

اسم

He must not sit in a mosque, except under necessity, but in some open, accessible place.
Her mosque was built in 1418.

100

sock/sɑk/

جوراب

اسم

Just put a sock on the doorknob or something so I don't bother you.
She didn't have a sock warmer in her room – something Cora called a toaster – but the socks were better than the floor.

101

turtleneck/ˈtɜːrtlnek/

یقه اسکی

اسم

Darian lay on his back staring at the ceiling with brooding golden eyes, his horribly scarred body hidden under turtleneck and gloves and socks, even in the safety of his room.
Hannah.s boots were white, her cream slacks and camel turtleneck completing her flawless look.

102

region/ˈriː.dʒən/

منطقه ناحیه

اسم

In its earlier history the region was agricultural.
This policy did not allay the discontent of the Macedonian army, and when Alexander in the summer of 324 moved to the cooler region of Media, an actual mutiny of the Macedonians broke out on the way at Opis on the Tigris.

district  province  territory  division  area

103

custom/ˈkʌs.təm/

سنت رسم و رسوم

اسم

That seems to be the custom around here.
Besides, it is not our custom to deliver goods.

tradition  practice  usage  observance  way

104

go up/goʊ ʌp/

بالا رفتن

فعل

105

pajamas/pəˈdʒɑm.əz/

پیژامه لباس خواب

اسم

He was carrying his rolled up pajamas and a toothbrush.
At midnight he came home, changed into his pajamas and crawled into bed.

106

strictness/ˈstrɪktnəs/

سخت‌گیری شدت

اسم

She was educated with great strictness in the convent of the Carmelites in the Rue St Jacques at Paris.
In strictness nobility and gentry are the same thing.

severity  harshness  rigidity  rigidness  stringency

107

sculpture/ˈskʌlptʃər/

مجسمه‌سازی

اسم

Domenico contains one of the finest works in sculpture by Arnolfo del Cambio.
Stanton, and a beautiful memorial arch (with sculpture by H.

carving  model  statue  statuette  figure

108

code/koʊd/

قانون

اسم

"I may have violated our secrecy code," I told her as I slipped into bed.
She sat down because the code of conduct about standing while guarding took second place to comfort.

cipher  secret language  secret writing  set of symbols  key

109

top/tɑːp/

فوقانی بالاترین

صفت

You're already at the top of your class.
He straddled a chair and leaned his arms across the top of it while he sipped his coffee.

summit  peak  pinnacle  crest  crown

110

windbreaker/ˈwɪnd breɪkər/

لباس بادگیر لباس بادشکن

اسم

Although there was a scattering of other bikers, he was sure the bright yellow windbreaker would be easy to spot, unless the biker became lost in a large pack.
While you don't need every piece of outerwear available, try to stock your closet with a few basics, such as a lightweight windbreaker, long or short raincoat, long trench coat and a stylish jacket to accessorize a spring dress.

111

check/tʃek/

چک کردن بررسی کردن

فعل

Why not check it out?
I'll check into that too.

examine  inspect  look at  look over  scrutinize

112

quite/kwɑɪt/

خیلی بسیار، زیاد

قید

You're growing into quite the young lady.
It is quite near the park gate.

completely  fully  entirely  totally  wholly

113

floor/flɔːr/

طبقه

اسم

The floor was cold.
The floor creaked as she chose the one on the right.

ground  flooring
storey  level  tier  deck
piano nobile

114

bathrobe/ˈbæθ.roʊb/

حوله حمام حوله پوشیدنی حمام

اسم

Betsy reached for a bathrobe and I pulled on my jeans.
bathrobe belt in the bathroom.

115

trainer/ˈtreɪ.nər/

کفش ورزشی

اسم

I'm an urban warfare tactics trainer, specializing in tracking.
Anything that requires the unamplified direct labor of a person won't either, such as a personal trainer, a babysitter, or a masseuse.

instructor  coach  teacher  mentor  adviser

116

pump/pʌmp/

کفش پاشنه دار زنانه کفش بدون بند زنانه

اسم

force  drive  push  send  transport

117

less/les/

کمتر -تر

قید

Go find a less annoying way to earn some money.
Now the world has one less fool!

a smaller amount
not so much as  not as much as  under  below
shy of
not so much  not so great

118

cover/ˈkʌv.ər/

پوشاندن

فعل

She crossed her arms, forcing herself not to cover her neck as four sets of eyes landed there.
Cora coughed to cover up her laugh.

put something on top of  place something over  place under cover
protect  shield  shelter
envelop

119

subject/ˈsʌb.dʒɪkt/

فاعل (دستور زبان)

اسم

She forced the subject from her mind.
That was the end of the conversation and neither of them brought the subject up again that night.

theme  subject matter  topic  issue  question

120

sleeveless/ˈslivlɪs/

بی‌آستین بدون آستین

صفت

The kurta is a sort of sleeveless shirt, open in front and reaching to the waist.
She changed into a sleeveless blouse and shorts, wondering as she did so if he would object to the shorts.

121

background/ˈbæk.grɑʊnd/

پس زمینه

اسم

I saved it as the background on the iPad.
In the background were the beautiful layered mountains of the White Rock Wildlife Management.

surrounding  surroundings  backdrop  backcloth  framework
scene
setting

122

informal/ɪnˈfɔːrml/

غیررسمی راحتی

صفت

Basically. Or would've been, if Darkyn hadn't decided to honor the informal deal he made with her.
So why would he suddenly want her to select the clothes he wore to an informal party where he knew no one.

casual  relaxed  easy-going  natural  unceremonious

123

generally/ˈdʒen.rə.li/

به طور کلی عموما

قید

You are fortunate, for the latter are generally the stronger!
Alex's sister generally had an opinion about everything, so it was no surprise that Katie had one about Lori.

normally  in general  as a rule  as a general rule  in the general run of things

124

separate/ˈsep.ə.rət/

مجزا جدا

صفت

unconnected  unrelated  different  discrete  distinct

125

loafer/ˈloʊfər/

کفش چرم اسپرت لوفر

اسم

Professionals will flock to the smart Trevor loafer, a modern slip-on style that appears much more costly than its under $50 price suggests it would be.
The Victor is a unique hybrid of a loafer and a slipper.

idler  layabout  good-for-nothing  ne'er-do-well  do-nothing

126

escalator/ˈes.kəˌleɪt̬.ər/

پله‌برقی

اسم

This "mucociliary escalator" is one of the principal defenses against lung infection.
Postural drainage is used to allow gravity to aid the mucociliary escalator.

127

destination/ˌdes.təˈneɪ.ʃən/

مقصد

اسم

When they reached their destination, Alex pulled her aside and gently corrected her.
A heavenly experience, if their destination had been different.

journey's end  end of the line  landing place  point of disembarkation
terminus  station

128

knee/niː/

زانو

اسم

She pat­ted Fred's knee playfully.
She tried to bring a knee into his groin, but he dodged in anticipation.

129

athletic/æˈθlɛtɪk/

ورزشی

صفت

muscular  muscly  sturdy  strapping  well built

130

bag/bæg/

کیف چمدان

اسم

He had a bag in one hand.
Alex instantly provided a little white bag and she made use of it.

receptacle  container
shopping bag  string bag  sack
carrier bag  carrier
poke
keister
handbag

131

cardigan/ˈkɑːrdɪɡən/

ژاکت (پشمی) زنانه کاردیگان

اسم

It is on the north side of Cardigan Bay, on the shore of Tremadoc Bay, with a sandy beach 4 m.
A French diversion on the coast of Pembroke was even less successful; a force of 1500 men, under Colonel Tate, an American adventurer, landed in Cardigan Bay on the 22nd of February 1797, but was at once surrounded by the local militia and surrendered without a blow.

132

third/θɜrd/

سوم سومین

صفت

Your room is the third on the left.
A third of the time, we're sleeping!

133

pay/peɪ/

پرداخت کردن حساب کردن

فعل

How much would you pay for that pan today?
A curse on you who disrupt the master's plans; you will pay dearly when the time of reckoning finally arrives!

reward  reimburse  recompense  give payment to  settle up with

134

United States of America/juˈnaɪtəd steɪts ʌv əˈmɛrəkə/

ایالات متحده امریکا

اسم

America, the States, the USA, the land of the free, God's own country
the US of A
Columbia

135

light/lɑɪt/

سبک کم وزن

صفت

She handed him a light blue shirt.
He flipped on the light and Lisa turned to get some coffee cups.

illumination  brightness  luminescence  luminosity  shining

136

appropriate/əˈproʊpriət/

مناسب به جا، درست

صفت

I didn't think it appropriate to tell you who I was.
He couldn't have chosen a more appropriate song.

suitable  proper  fitting  apt
relevant  connected

137

outerwear/ˈaʊtərwer/

لباس بیرونی

اسم

Laura j outerwear isn't much.
The inflation figures show that women's outerwear is less expensive now than it was in the late 1980s.

138

common/ˈkɑmən/

متداول رایج

صفت

She will only utilize it for common good.
We have a lot in common, you know?

ordinary  normal  typical  average  unexceptional

139

shoulder/ˈʃoʊl.dər/

شانه دوش، کتف

اسم

He patted her shoulder again.
Lisa giggled and he glanced over his shoulder at her.

take on  take on oneself  undertake  accept  assume
bear

140

shop/ʃɑp/

خرید کردن

فعل

It was too early for the silver shop to be open.
And here's the little shop where we used to buy gingerbread!

store  retail store  outlet  retail outlet  reseller

141

pack/pæk/

جمع کردن (وسایل) بسته‌بندی کردن

فعل

Later she helped him pack his things in the car.
Pierre, pack your things.

packet  container  package  box  crate

142

accessory/əkˈsesəri/

لوازم جانبی

اسم

There are no accessory generative organs.
The ordinary accessory minerals of igneous rocks, apatite, in Great Britain and the continent of Europe.

attachment  extra  addition  add-on  retrofit

143

warm/wɔrm/

گرم

صفت

It was a warm afternoon in August.
His warm hands slid under her jacket, caressing her back through the thin T-shirt.

hot  warming
cosy  snug  comfortable  homely

144

consider/kənˈsɪdər/

در نظر گرفتن فکر کردن

فعل

It was too far to consider driving every day, even if she had a car.
If computers are so popular, perhaps we should consider buying one for the use of our guests.

think about  contemplate  give thought to  reflect on  examine

145

second/ˈsek.ənd/

دومین دوم

صفت

A second and a third cannon ball flew past.
He moves to second floor.

next  following  after the first  subsequent  ensuing

146

sex/seks/

جنسیت جنس

اسم

Is sex all you think about?
"I can't think of a less romantic place to have sex," Cynthia said with a shudder.

sexual intercourse  intercourse  lovemaking  making love  sex act

147

stairs/sterz/

پله پلکان

اسم

She climbed the stairs and entered their room.
"Suppose the stairs get steeper?" suggested Zeb, doubtfully.

148

blazer/ˈbleɪzər/

کت اسپرت کت تک

اسم

A mud-splattered Blazer was parked behind him.
It was slightly after two o'clock when Dean saw Fitzgerald emerge from The Timberline Deli and stroll to his white Blazer parked on the street.

149

formality/fɔrˈmæləti/

تشریفات (اداری و ...) آداب و رسوم

اسم

The words of formality trailed off as she stared at the room.
Dusty was a stickler for formality from his men, while Jule's hemisphere was far more relaxed.

ceremony  ceremoniousness  ritual  conventionality  red tape

150

inappropriate/ˌɪnəˈproʊpriɪt/

نامناسب ناشایست، ناجور

صفت

He was talking and acting in an inappropriate manner.
Carmen, when a man touches and talks to you in an inappropriate matter, you set him straight.

unsuitable  unfitting  ill-suited  unseemly  unbecoming

151

jeans/dʒiːnz/

شوار جین شوار لی

اسم

Bianca put on a pair of jeans and a T-shirt.
She grabbed her sack of clothes and scrambled into jeans and a sweater.

denims, blue jeans
cut-offs
Levi's, Wranglers

152

head/hed/

سر

اسم

She leaned her head on his shoulder.
He shook his head and rolled his eyes.

skull  cranium  crown
nut  noodle  noddle

153

jacket/ˈdʒæk.ɪt/

کت ژاکت

اسم

Inside his leather jacket it was warm and cozy - falsely secure.
Placing a cigarette in the corner of his mouth, his long fingers then searched the pockets of his brown tweed jacket and finally emerged with a match.

wrapping  wrapper  wrap  sleeve  sheath

154

comparative/kəmˈpær.ə.t̬ɪv/

تفضیلی مقایسه ای، قیاسی

صفت

For the next seven or eight years he lived in comparative privacy.
trans., Comparative A-natomy of the Vegetative Organs of the Phanerogams and Ferns, Oxford, 1882).

relative, qualified, modified
by comparison, in comparison

155

heat/hiːt/

گرما حرارت

اسم

hotness  warmth  warmness  high temperature
fever  feverishness
calefaction
hot weather

156

look/lʊk/

به نظر رسیدن

فعل

Do I look that bad?
Now look what you started.

glance  gaze  stare  gape  peer

157

ground floor/ˌɡraʊnd ˈflɔːr/

طبقه همکف

اسم

158

wear/wer/

پوشاک لباس

اسم

You'd better wear a coat.
You could wear a feed sack at a formal dinner and not look underdressed.

be dressed in  be clothed in  have on  sport
dress in  clothe oneself in

159

American/əˈmɛrəkən/

امریکایی

اسم

I'm an American; we don't have masters.
"Awesome tat," a distinctly American male voice said.

the United States of America, the USA, the States, the land of the free, God's own country
the US of A
Columbia

160

sweatshirt/ˈswɛtˌʃɜrt/

گرمکن سوئیشرت

اسم

She clawed her way into a sweatshirt as she hurried to the door.
She stripped off her sweatshirt to be certain people could see her armband in her T-shirt.

161

flat/flæt/

کفش کفه تخت زنانه کفش قایقی زنانه

اسم

He had just fixed a flat on his bike.
It wasn't a question, but a flat statement.

level  horizontal  levelled
smooth  even  uniform

162

compare/kəmˈper/

مقایسه کردن

فعل

I don't compare you to Josh.
Check her purse for something she wrote and compare it.

contrast  set side by side  juxtapose  collate  differentiate

163

formal/ˈfɔːrml/

رسمی

صفت

No. Do they ever have a formal dinner?
Alex was cordial to his father and formal to his sister.

ceremonial  ceremonious  ritualistic  ritual  conventional

164

department/dɪˈpɑrt.mənt/

وزارت بخش، گروه آموزشی

اسم

He telephoned the Parkside Police department but they had no news.
"I think we'd better call the police department," Dean said.

division  section  sector  subsection  subdivision

165

foreign/ˈfɔːr.ən/

خارجی

صفت

He has also been the recipient of many foreign orders.
He must minimize foreign influence, whether French, Spanish or German, in Italy.

overseas  distant  remote  far off  far flung

166

flattering/ˈflætərɪŋ/

جذاب شیک، زیبا

صفت

But, flattering as was the offer, Petrarch declined it.
The idea that Brandon felt relieved wasn't all that flattering - or comforting, for that matter.

complimentary  praising  favourable  commending  admiring

167

basement/ˈbeɪs.mənt/

زیرزمین

اسم

The basement contained a sealed room that we soundproofed.
He turned toward the basement stairs and we all followed.

cellar  vault  crypt  undercroft  underground room

168

liberal/ˈlɪbərəl/

روشن‌فکرانه آزاداندیش، خالی از تعصب، لیبرال

صفت

Lori's past was a little too liberal for such a conservative family.
The waitress topped off our pasta dishes with a liberal amount of parmesan cheese.

tolerant  unprejudiced  unbigoted  broad-minded  open-minded

169

even though/ˈivɪn ðoʊ/

با اینکه هر چند، اگر چه

حرف ربط

170

sweater/ˈswet̬.ər/

ژاکت پلیور

اسم

171

foreigner/ˈfɔːr.ə.nər/

بیگانه خارجی

اسم

The power of the foreigner in Arabia was broken..
The French doctor held no taper; he was leaning against one of the columns in a respectful attitude implying that he, a foreigner, in spite of all differences of faith, understood the full importance of the rite now being performed and even approved of it.

alien  foreign national  non-native  immigrant  settler

172

belt/belt/

کمربند

اسم

girdle  sash  strap  cummerbund  waistband

173

length/lɛŋkθ/

طول قد

اسم

His canines were four times the length of hers.
in length, with a basal girth of 24 in.

extent  extent lengthwise  distance  distance lengthwise  linear measure

174

sweatpants/ˈswetpænts/

شلوار گرمکن شلوار ورزشی

اسم

You can use sweatpants or pajama bottoms for the pants and a plain white long-sleeved shirt if you can't find or make a peasant style blouse in your child's size.
Expect to hear requests for Aviator Nation sweatpants, Fossil rain boots and Guess' line of Invisible Children tees.

175

direct object/dəˈrɛkt ˈɑbʤɛkt/

مفعول مستقیم

اسم

176

on the left/ɑn ðə lɛft/

سمت چپ

عبارت

177

tights/taɪts/

جوراب شلواری

اسم

In the 17th century a considerable number of Jews had made a home in the English colonies, where from the first they enjoyed practically equal Tights with the Christian settlers.
Carmen was dressed in a short pink dress and white tights.



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