درس 5


ردیف

واژه

معنی

نقش گرامری

1

reduced/rəˈdust/

کاهش‌یافته کم‌شده

صفت

She had reduced him to nothing more than a fix for her troubles.
His income would be reduced by three fourths, but he felt it must be done.

lessen  make less  make smaller  lower  bring down

2

turn on/tɜrn ɑn/

روشن کردن

فعل

depend on  rest on  hang on  hinge on  be contingent on

3

airport/ˈer.pɔːrt/

فرودگاه

اسم

It rather sounds like an airport paperback.
With everything going on, Carmen didn't have time to worry about flying, but when they were all sitting at the airport, she finally had time to stew over it.

airfield, airstrip, landing strip, runway
heliport, helipad
air station
aerodrome
airdrome
drome

4

front desk/ˌfrʌnt ˈdesk/

(میز) پذیرش

اسم

5

video/ˈvɪd.iːˌoʊ/

ویدیو فیلم

اسم

She left the room to get the video camera.
We don't simply have more video screens; we now have an infinitude of broadcasters.

6

horrible/ˈhɔːr.ə.bəl/

بسیار بد وحشتناک، گند (بو)

صفت

It was turning out to be a horrible day.
He left the sentence hanging, as if it were too horrible to put into words.

dreadful  horrifying  horrific  horrendous  frightful

7

cost/kɔːst/

هزینه داشتن قیمت داشتن

فعل

It must have cost a fortune!
That must have cost you a pretty penny.

price  asking price  market price  selling price  fee

8

upgrade/ʌpˈgreɪd/

ارتقاء

اسم

He'd used the excuse of HQ moving to Miami a year before to upgrade everything in the room.
Not only does Mohawk recycle plastic bottles, the company also uses green technology to upgrade their facilities and manufacturing processes in an effort to save resources like water and natural gas and use alternative forms of energy.

improve  better  make better  ameliorate  reform

9

all the time/ɔl ðə taɪm/

همیشه اغلب

قید

constantly  the entire time  around the clock  day and night  night and day

10

including/ɪnˈkluː.dɪŋ/

به انضمام شامل

حرف اضافه

Was he including himself in that statement?
He was wearing a hoodie and dressed in black, including gloves.

which include  which includes  inclusive of  counting
as well as  plus

11

tax/tæks/

مالیات

اسم

Okay. Good luck with the tax stuff.
"This is like jailing Al Capone for tax evasion," Damian said.

levy  tariff  duty  toll  excise

12

fan/fæn/

پنکه

اسم

I am a huge fan of heritage meats.
I am a fan of free will, so it's your choice.

air cooler  air conditioner  ventilator  blower  aerator
punkah
cool

13

camcorder/ˈkæmˌkɔrdər/

دوربین فیلمبرداری (سبک و قابل حمل)

اسم

camcorder battery into the rear of the Courier.
batteryere anything I can do to extended the life of my camcorder batteries?

14

turn off/tɜrn ɔf/

خاموش کردن

فعل

leave  branch off
take a side road  take another road
make a left  make a right  take a left

15

do the dishes/du ðə ˈdɪʃəz/

ظرف شستن

عبارت

16

result/rɪˈzʌlt/

نتیجه نتایج (جمع)

اسم

We do know as a result of earlier tests EA, as we call it, is also part of the lure.
I did not know at first but it was the result of a wise policy.

consequence  outcome  upshot  out-turn  sequel

17

go shopping/goʊ ˈʃɑp.ɪŋ/

به خرید رفتن

فعل

18

model/ˈmɑd.əl/

مدل ماکت، نمونه، مثال

اسم

This model came out back this winter.
Such is a model farm.

replica  copy  representation  mock-up  dummy

19

send/sɛnd/

فرستادن ارسال کردن

فعل

I'll be sure to send it to you.
I'll send it off to find out.

dispatch  post  mail  put in the mail  put in the post

20

USB flash drive/ˌjuː es ˈbiːˈflæʃ draɪv/

فلش مموری یواس‌بی فلش درایو

اسم

21

guaranteed/ˌgɛrənˈtid/

ضمانت شده

صفت

No one is guaranteed a free ride.
In that world, everyone will be guaranteed a minimum income.

warranty  warrant  contract  covenant  bond

22

stove/stoʊv/

اجاق اجاق گاز

اسم

He opened the door of the stove to peek.
Did you get the stove burning?

oven, range
charcoal burner, furnace
cooker
tandoor
Aga, Primus

23

yet/jet/

در عین حال ولی

حرف ربط

It was early, yet we were all ready for bed after our long hike.
He is my worst enemy, and yet, I admire him as the wisest man in the world.

so far  thus far  as yet  still  even now

24

earbud/ir bʌd/

گوشی [نوعی هدفون کوچک]

اسم

Earbud headsets look much like the earbud headphones you use to listen to your favorite portable music player, except they include an in-line microphone.
While not as compact as the earbud style, they typically provide better voice reception.

25

argument/ˈɑrgjəmənt/

جر و بحث

اسم

quarrel  disagreement  squabble  fight  difference of opinion

26

upgrade/ʌpˈgreɪd/

ارتقا دادن

فعل

He'd used the excuse of HQ moving to Miami a year before to upgrade everything in the room.
Not only does Mohawk recycle plastic bottles, the company also uses green technology to upgrade their facilities and manufacturing processes in an effort to save resources like water and natural gas and use alternative forms of energy.

improve  better  make better  ameliorate  reform

27

agenda/əˈʤɛndə/

دستور جلسه

اسم

So, what's on the agenda today, Princess?
His agenda was one born of experience: if the scales between the White and Black Gods tipped too far one way, life was bad.

list of items  schedule  programme  timetable  line-up

28

electronic devices/ɪˌlɛkˈtrɑnɪk dɪˈvaɪsəz/

لوازم برقی وسایل الکترونیکی

اسم

29

oven/ˈʌv.ən/

فر کوره، اجاق

اسم

stove  kitchen stove  microwave  microwave oven  range

30

in progress/ɪn ˈprɑˌgrɛs/

در حال برگزاری در حال اجرا

عبارت

under way  going on  ongoing  happening  occurring

31

make/meɪk/

به وجود آوردن ایجاد کردن

فعل

Drowning your sorrows in eggnog will only make you feel worse in the long run.
Make life easy for yourselves.

construct  build  assemble  put together  manufacture

32

small/smɔːl/

کوچک کم

صفت

It's a very small window.
The small birds were singing softly.

little  small-scale  compact  bijou
portable
tiny  miniature

33

up to date/ʌp tu deɪt/

به‌روز

اسم

modern  contemporary  the latest  up to the minute  recent

34

believe/bɪˈliːv/

باور کردن فکر کردن

فعل

be convinced by  trust  have confidence in  consider honest  consider truthful
regard as true

35

projector/prəˈdʒektər/

پروژکتور آپارات، فراتاب

اسم

The east side was platted in the summer of 1835, and very soon afterward the plat of a settlement on the west side was also recorded, Byron Kilbourn being the chief projector and proprietor of the latter.
Its projector, Dr Horatio D.

36

unhappy/ʌnˈhæp.i/

ناراحت غمگین، محزون

صفت

"If thou art determined, O God, to destroy me," the unhappy Angevin exclaimed, "let my fall be gradual!"
She was suddenly lost in the unhappy never after.

sad  miserable  sorrowful  dejected  despondent

37

weekend/ˌwiːkˈend/

آخر هفته

اسم

The holiday weekend passed pleasantly.
Still, that wasn't the only lingering side effect of her weekend with Brandon.

38

technology/tekˈnɑl.ə.dʒi/

فناوری تکنولوژی

اسم

The ability of science and technology to improve human life is known to us.
I'm not opposed to technology, I simply enjoy the work.

39

newspaper/ˈnuːzˌpeɪ.pər/

روزنامه

اسم

I got interviewed for a newspaper in Zanesville, Ohio.
He picked up the newspaper she had set out for him and started to read.

paper
print, rag

40

print/prɪnt/

چاپ کردن پرینت کردن

فعل

It seems to me when you practice letters, you print uppercase letters first, don't you?
"They can't print this!" she protested finally.

set in print  send to press  run off  preprint  reprint

41

mine/mɑɪn/

[ضمیر ملکی اول شخص مفرد] مال من

ضمیر

Mine will be taught to mind.
So I say the horses and chickens are mine and Alex says the other animals are his.

pit  colliery  excavation  quarry  workings

42

headphones/ˈhedfoʊnz/

هدفون گوشی

اسم

He positioned the earpiece of his communication headphones better.
He wore headphones and spoke into a microphone, simultaneously responding to half a dozen chat windows open on this computer.

43

electronics/eˌlekˈtrɒn.ɪks/

(علم) الکترونیک

اسم

I dug this out of a box of electronics upstairs and programmed it to be your new phone.
The proverbial "Little Timmy" will find it hard to believe that food isn't manufactured like electronics but grown like an animal.

44

juicer/ˈdʒuːsər/

آبمیوه گیری

اسم

I love juices and bought a juicer which I used madly for a month and then stopped.
You have to have a juicer at home to make all of the drinks you are supposed to be consuming, which can be a substantial outlay of cash for a diet you're not sure you'll be able to stick with.

45

funny/ˈfʌn.i/

عجیب عجیب و غریب

صفت

He's acting funny today.
"That's not funny," she said, turning to glare at him.

amusing  humorous  comic  comical  droll

46

speaker/ˈspiː.kər/

بلندگو

اسم

There was great applause when the speaker sat down.
She faced the speaker and took a step back.

speech-maker  public speaker  lecturer  talker  speechifier

47

suggest/səgˈdʒest/

پیشنهاد کردن پیشنهاد دادن

فعل

I suggest you take the advice.
I suggest you accompany me home.

propose  put forward  submit  recommend  advocate
advise

48

carry/ˈkær.i/

حمل کردن همراه خود داشتن

فعل

Where do you carry your gold?
I hope, my dear friend, you will carry out your father's wish?

convey  transfer  move  take  bring

49

fixable/ˈfɪksəbəl/

قابل تعمیر تعمیرکردنی

صفت

A broken chair leg might be fixable with some wood glue and a few nails.
If it's appropriate, talk to your boss about your concerns and try to view the sleep problems as temporary and fixable.

50

much/mʌtʃ/

تمام و کمال

تخصیص گر

How much did you pay for it?
How much is it, Dad?

a lot of  a good deal of  a great deal of  a great amount of  a large amount of

51

return/rɪˈtɜrn/

برگرداندن پس دادن

فعل

I've gotta return to Florida.
I have something to return to you.

go back  come back  get back  arrive back  arrive home

52

future/ˈfjuː.tʃər/

آینده

صفت

What a future that will be!
Her life was on a new course now, and the future looked brighter than it ever had.

time to come  time ahead
what lay ahead  what lies ahead  coming times
the fullness of time
hereafter
destiny  fate

53

take a picture/teɪk ə ˈpɪkʧər/

عکس گرفتن

عبارت

54

answer/ˈæn.sər/

پاسخ دادن جواب دادن

فعل

He put her answer down in his note book.
Alex didn't answer and it went to his voice mail, so she left a message.

reply  response  rejoinder  return  reaction
acknowledgement
retort

55

scan/skæn/

اسکن کردن (کامپیوتر، پزشکی)

فعل

It looked like a cat scan of a brain, but it wasn't hers.
I mentioned a brain scan; you'd think I'd suggested a lobotomy.

study  examine  scrutinize  inspect  survey

56

washing machine/ˈwɑʃ.ɪŋ.məˌʃiːn/

ماشین لباسشویی

اسم

57

noise/nɔɪz/

صدا سر و صدا

اسم

What was all the noise last night?
The noise from the machine that circulated the oxygen frightened her.

sound  loud sound  din  hubbub  clamour

58

food processor/ˈfuːd ˌprɑː.ses.ɚ/

دستگاه غذاساز دستگاه چندکاره آشپزخانه

اسم

59

finish/ˈfɪn.ɪʃ/

تمام کردن کامل کردن، به پایان رساندن

فعل

She obliged quickly, tensing as she waited for him to finish with her phone.
I did not have a chance to finish my letter yesterday.

complete  end  conclude  close  bring to a conclusion

60

inexpensive/ˌɪn.ɪkˈspen.sɪv/

ارزان کم قیمت

صفت

Dean grabbed a bottle of inexpensive merlot and three glasses.
It requires the labor of thousands to make a pencil, and yet they are so inexpensive as to be almost free.

cheap  low-priced  low-price  low-cost  economical

61

sympathy/ˈsɪm.pə.θi/

همدردی ترحم

اسم

I've received too much sympathy in the last few weeks.
His sympathy only made matters worse and she hiccupped.

commiseration  pity  condolence  consolation  comfort

62

future/ˈfjuː.tʃər/

آینده

اسم

What a future that will be!
Her life was on a new course now, and the future looked brighter than it ever had.

time to come  time ahead
what lay ahead  what lies ahead  coming times
the fullness of time
hereafter
destiny  fate

63

tablet/ˈtæblət/

تبلت [نوعی رایانه تخت]

اسم

She grabbed her tablet and several pencils.
He pushed his breakfast to the side and put the tablet on the table.

slab  panel  plaque  plate  sign
stone

64

printer/ˈprɪnt.ər/

چاپگر پرینتر

اسم

This printer is purely mechanical, and its speed is very high.
He was a master printer and an artist of the first order.

65

take/teɪk/

طول کشیدن

فعل

I can take care of myself.
We'll take care of them together.

lay hold of  take hold of  get hold of  get into one's hands
grasp  grip

66

e-mail/ˈiːmeɪl/

ایمیل پست اکترونیکی

اسم

Upon my return, I sent a rather curt e-mail of complaint to the company involved.
If the nearest location is outside your zip code, use that location's zip for finding coupons.While at the KFC website, join the Colonel's e-mail club in order to receive information about upcoming promotions, coupons and specials.

post  letters  packages  parcels  correspondence

67

touchscreen/tʌʧskrin/

صفحه لمسی

اسم

This landscape display has white backlight and a touchscreen for easy use.
Access from keyboard, mouse, touchscreen or overlay keyboard.

68

full/fʊl/

کامل

صفت

Slowly carrying the full cups into the living room, she handed one to Alex.
How full of life and motion it was!

filled  filled up  filled to capacity  filled to the brim  brimming

69

dryer/ˈdraɪər/

(دستگاه) خشک کن

اسم

70

sale/seɪl/

فروش ویژه حراج

اسم

I bought 'em at a garage sale right down the street.
Would you buy the answer that I ran into an incredible sale I couldn't pass up?

selling  vending  disposal
dealing  trading  bargaining
deal

71

multi-function/ˌmʌlti-ˈfʌŋkʃən/

چند منظوره

صفت

Through chip technology, your multi-function Visa card could replace all of this -- and in the not so far-off future.
This multi-function plug ' nction plug ' n ' play Karaoke system makes becoming a pop star a breeze.

72

toilet/ˈtɔɪ.lət/

توالت کاسه توالت

اسم

"Toilet paper," she muttered.
She awoke on the lower bunk bed in a prison cell with no windows and a tiny metal toilet and sink.

lavatory  WC  water closet  convenience  public convenience

73

plan/plæn/

برنامه

اسم

I plan on it.
Where did you plan to sleep tonight?

scheme  plan of action  idea  master plan  game plan

74

hair dryer/ˈherˌ drɑɪ.ər/

سشوار

اسم

75

blender/ˈblɛndər/

مخلوط کن (دستگاه)

اسم

We started tossing stuff in the blender with frozen blood.
While the $200 price tag is steep for a blender, it is significantly lower than the high-end Vitamix blender, which is held as the gold standard by those raw food and juicing proponents and can cost upwards of $500.

76

hear/hɪr/

شنیدن

فعل

I wish you could hear yourself talking.
It was nice to hear English spoken without a Spanish accent.

perceive  catch  get  make out  take in

77

at all/æt ɔl./

اصلا ابداً، به هر صورت

عبارت

78

portable/ˈpɔrtəbəl/

قابل انتقال قابل حمل

صفت

Portable altars have been used on occasion since the time of Bede.
"Yeah, I wish I had my portable lab set with me," Ully agreed.

transportable  movable  mobile  transferable  easily carried

79

travel/ˈtræv.əl/

سفر کردن رفتن، مسافرت کردن

فعل

I would like to travel there.
Travel the way you wish to go.

journey  tour  take a trip  go on a trip  voyage

80

convenient/kənˈvinjənt/

آسان راحت، مناسب

صفت

suitable  appropriate  fitting  fit  suited

81

flush/flʌʃ/

سیفون توالت را کشیدن

فعل

Carmen felt the flush start up her face again.
A flush started in his neck and worked upward.

blush  redden  go pink  turn pink  go red

82

refund/ˈriː.fʌnd/

بازپرداخت

اسم

I thought he might want a refund on his unused rent, not that I'd have given it to him, but he didn't even ask.
The lessee has no right to a refund when the cause of damage was existing and known at the date of the lease (Arts.

repay  give back  return  pay back  restore
replace

83

leave/liːv/

ترک کردن رها کردن، رفتن

فعل

What time are we going to leave tomorrow?
If one of us has to leave, I'll go.

depart from  go away from  go from  withdraw from  retire from

84

now/nɑʊ/

الان حالا، هم اکنون

قید

Now go home and get some rest.
Now he knew what a chicken she was.

at the moment  at present  just now  right now  at the present time

85

cell phone/ˈsel.foʊn/

تلفن همراه موبایل

اسم

86

build into/bɪld ˈɪntu/

افزودن شامل کردن

فعل

87

sink/sɪŋk/

سینک روشویی، ظرفشویی

اسم

She moved to the sink and turned on the water.
She dropped her glass in the sink and took a step backward.

become submerged  be engulfed  go down  drop  fall

88

refund/ˈriː.fʌnd/

بازپرداخت کردن پس دادن

فعل

I thought he might want a refund on his unused rent, not that I'd have given it to him, but he didn't even ask.
The lessee has no right to a refund when the cause of damage was existing and known at the date of the lease (Arts.

repay  give back  return  pay back  restore
replace

89

copy/ˈkɑp.i/

کپی کردن

فعل

But we have a copy of it.
Each of those new cells has a new copy of your DNA.

duplicate  duplication  reprint  facsimile  photocopy

90

broken/ˈbroʊ.kən/

خراب از کار افتاده

صفت

They had broken the rules.
You don't sound very broken up about it.

smashed  shattered  burst  fragmented  splintered

91

refrigerator/rɪˈfrɪdʒ.əˌreɪt̬.ər/

یخچال

اسم

We ate supper and put the rest in the refrigerator for you.
Fred stooped to see what goodies remained in the refrigerator and removed a plate of cold meatloaf.

keep cold  cool  cool down  chill
freeze  deep-freeze

92

microwave/ˈmaɪ.kroʊ.weɪv/

مایکروویو

اسم

Not just microwave stuff?
Well, don't despair, help is at hand and we're not talking about microwave meals.

93

hurry/ˈhɜr.i/

عجله کردن با عجله رفتن، هول کردن

فعل

"Hurry, Iggy," Dusty advised.
Well, hurry up and wrap it.

be quick  hurry up  move quickly  go fast  hasten

94

clog/klɔːɡ/

مسدود کردن بند آوردن

فعل

sabot  wooden shoe  wooden-soled shoe
block  obstruct  congest

95

carrying case/ˈkæriɪŋ keɪs/

کیف (دستی و دوشی) چمدان

اسم

convey  transfer  move  take  bring

96

after/ˈæf.tər/

بعد از بعد از آن

قید

He has come after me.
After the service, Alex was unusually silent.

following  subsequent to  succeeding  at the close of  at the end of

97

classify/ˈklæsəˌfaɪ/

طبقه‎بندی کردن دسته‎بندی کردن

فعل

The natives are officially described as Bosniaks, but classify themselves according to religion.
This has led certain geologists to classify the Devonian, Carboniferous and Permian into one grand system; E.

categorize  class  group  put into sets  grade

98

shame/ʃeɪm/

شرم شرمساری، خجالت

اسم

There's no shame in being poor.
The man's face was red with shame this time.

humiliation  mortification  chagrin  ignominy  loss of face

99

defective/dɪˈfɛktɪv/

معیوب ناقص

صفت

faulty  flawed  imperfect  shoddy  inoperative

100

freezer/ˈfriː.zər/

فریزر یخ‌زن، جایخی

اسم

We used magic on their minds and the freezer for their bodies.
She still had some meat in her freezer, as well as some frozen colostrum.

101

popular/ˈpɑːpjələr/

پرطرفدار محبوب

صفت

He had now become a popular leader.
Allen was good looking, popular and exciting.

well liked  liked  favoured  in favour  well received

102

absolute/ˈæb.səˌluːt/

مطلق کامل، محض

صفت

Jonny has the key to absolute power.
A sixth group was talking absolute nonsense.

complete  total  utter  out-and-out  outright

103

advertisement/ˌæd.vərˈtɑɪz.mənt/

تبلیغات آگهی

اسم

Despite the spam and advertisement web sites, there are a number of places you can get free wallpapers for your cell phone that are not only legal but are also absolutely 100% free with no strings attached.
The company also launched a division that produces direct-selling advertisement (also known as infomercials) for other networks and has expanded its relationship with other television networks and publications.

notice  announcement  bulletin
commercial  promotion  blurb

104

fax/fæks/

فکس کردن

فعل

Petty tyrannies gave place to the great Fax Romana.
The rest of their conversation was taken up in directions to the house and instructions about the rental contract she would fax them.

105

lemon/ˈlem.ən/

آدم بی‌عرضه آدم ضعیف

اسم

She focused on mixing dish soap and lemon juice in her palm.
The fruit trees commonly cultivated are the peach, apricot, apple, orange, lemon, pear, fig and plum.

ointment  lotion  cream  salve  liniment

106

suggestion/səgˈdʒes.tʃən/

پیشنهاد

اسم

Next suggestion, Mr. Investigator.
The boy smiled at the suggestion, but Shipton shook his head no.

proposal  proposition  motion  submission  recommendation
advice

107

action/ˈæk.ʃən/

عمل کار

اسم

This book is a call to action, not complacency.
She turned away, embarrassed by the rush of excitement the action had triggered.

deed  act  activity  move  gesture

108

have a look/hæv ə lʊk/

نگاه کردن بررسی کردن، معاینه کردن

فعل

109

gadget/ˈgæʤət/

وسیله اسباب، ابزارک

اسم

Once an earthy destination for hopeful musicians, Curtis claims her producer is inundated with requests for auto tune (that nifty little gadget that keeps Ashlee Simpson-types on pitch).
In wine snobbery terms, it will not oxidize as quickly as a bottled wine, no matter what type of fancy gadget you use to pull the air out of a half-full bottle before re-corking it.

appliance  apparatus  instrument  implement  tool

110

Eiffel Tower/ˈaɪfəl ˈtaʊər/

برج ایفل

اسم

111

fridge/fridge/

یخچال

اسم

Not much here, the fridge is empty.
This is going to be tough, he thought as he entered Sarah's fridge to get some swill.

112

standard/ˈstændərd/

معمولی رایج، مرسوم

صفت

The standard day is longer than ours, about thirty hours instead of twenty-four, with that divided evenly between day and night.
Gabriel understood why the old standard was gone.

quality  level  grade  degree  worth

113

pressure cooker/ˈpreʃər kʊkər/

زودپز

اسم

114

review/rɪˈvjuː/

مرور بازبینی، بازنگری

اسم

Shall we review what you've learned?
So let's review my key points to see if they are compelling.

analysis  evaluation  assessment  appraisal  examination

115

webcam/ˈweb.kæm/

وبکم [دوربین رایانه]

اسم

116

traditional/trəˈdɪʃ.ən.əl/

سنتی

صفت

Well, the traditional roles of men and women have changed in the last generation.
Without traditional beauty, he was still handsome in a raw, dangerous way.

conventional  customary  established  long-established  accepted

117

tool/tuːl/

ابزار وسیله

اسم

The artists tool, be it brush or burin.
Now we knew we possessed an incredible tool at our fingertips.

implement  instrument  utensil  device  apparatus

118

shop/ʃɑp/

خرید کردن

فعل

It was too early for the silver shop to be open.
And here's the little shop where we used to buy gingerbread!

store  retail store  outlet  retail outlet  reseller

119

traffic/ˈtræf.ɪk/

ترافیک آمدوشد، عبور و مرور

اسم

In town doing traffic control, I guess.
The traffic was the pits.

vehicles  cars  lorries  trucks
congestion  traffic jam

120

replace/rɪˈpleɪs/

جایگزین کردن عوض کردن

فعل

No one will replace me!
Maybe when she got back she could replace her old one.

put back  return  return to its place  restore
take the place of  succeed

121

promise/ˈprɑm.əs/

قول دادن

فعل

When I make a promise, I keep it.
I promise to behave.

word of honour  word  assurance  pledge  vow

122

quality/ˈkwɑl.ət̬.i/

کیفیت

اسم

She felt the quality of the material.
The speed and quality of those algorithms will get ever better.

standard  grade  class  classification  calibre

123

brand/brænd/

نشان تجاری برند

اسم

She grabbed the note pad and wrote a brand name and quantity.
They moved into a brand new building a couple of months back.

make  line  label  marque
type  kind

124

bother/ˈbɑð.ər/

نگران کردن زحمت دادن (به خود)، ناراحت کردن

فعل

disturb  trouble  worry  inconvenience  put out

125

sympathize/ˈsɪmpəθaɪz/

همدردی کردن درک کردن

فعل

Look, I can sympathize with you, but there's nothing I can do, at least not yet.
She thought: "If I seem not to notice he will think that I do not sympathize with him; if I seem sad and out of spirits myself, he will say (as he has done before) that I'm in the dumps."

pity  be sorry for  feel sorry for  show sympathy for  be sympathetic towards

126

vacuum cleaner/ˈvækjuəm kliːnər/

جاروبرقی

اسم

127

dishwasher/ˈdɪʃˌwɑʃ.ər/

ماشین ظرفشویی

اسم

Neither said anything while Dean began to clear the dishwasher from last evening's meal.
Rinsing it, he placed it in the dishwasher and shut the door.

128

drive crazy/draɪv ˈkreɪzi/

آزردن (کسی) (کسی را) عصبانی کردن

عبارت

129

machine/məˈʃiːn/

ماشین دستگاه

اسم

apparatus  appliance  instrument  tool  utensil

130

system/ˈsɪs.təm/

سیستم نظام

اسم

The whole distribution system broke down.
It looks like the messaging system is back up.

structure  organization  order  arrangement  complex

131

top-selling/tɑp-ˈsɛlɪŋ/

پرفروش‌ترین

صفت

Designer labels aside, you generally get what you pay for and the top-selling brands are such for a reason.
If you're wondering where to buy the Nook eReader, then you'll be glad to know there are many different places you can get one of the world's top-selling e-readers.

132

major/ˈmeɪʤər/

عمده مهم

صفت

A major success helped raise our spirits.
I thought I was picking up on some major vibes out there.

greatest  best  finest  most important  chief

133

keyboard/ˈkiː.bɔːrd/

صفحه کلید کیبورد (کامپیوتر)

اسم

She began to paw at her computer keyboard, searching.
The keyboard has five keys similar to those of a piano, and the letters and figures are obtained by the different combinations which can be formed by the raised and depressed keys.

134

appliance/əˈplaɪəns/

اسباب وسیله، دستگاه

اسم

The analysing appliance constitutes the main feature of a spectroscope.
Hence the following appliance was worked out by Lieutenant Solari and officers in the Italian navy.

device  machine  instrument  gadget  contraption

135

worth/wɜrθ/

(دارای) ارزش قیمت (داشتن)

صفت

That was worth the wait.
Whatever the case, it certainly wasn't worth arguing about.

value  financial value  monetary value  price  asking price

136

update/əpˈdeɪt/

به روزرسانی اطلاعات (جدید)، ارتقا

اسم

I'll update your address list virtually over the next few years.
"Update on the tears," he directed.

modernize  bring up to date  bring into the twenty-first century  renovate  refurbish

137

pass/pæs/

دادن

فعل

The doctors were of use to Natasha because they kissed and rubbed her bump, assuring her that it would soon pass if only the coachman went to the chemist's in the Arbat and got a powder and some pills in a pretty box for a ruble and seventy kopeks, and if she took those powders in boiled water at intervals of precisely two hours, neither more nor less.
The next one to pass her did as well.

go  proceed  move  progress  make one's way

138

junk/ʤʌŋk/

خرت و پرت آت و آشغال

اسم

This one has a whole list of junk, chairs, tables, clothes.
You could stick the junk in a box and mail it a whole lot cheaper than having them fly out here.

useless things  discarded things  rubbish  clutter  stuff

139

work/wˈɜːrk/

موثر واقع شدن عمل کردن، اثر داشتن، جواب دادن

فعل

It did work this morning.
After Alex goes to work and Jonathan goes to school, Destiny and I do the chores.

labour  toil  exertion  effort  slog

140

worth/wɜrθ/

ارزش

اسم

That was worth the wait.
Whatever the case, it certainly wasn't worth arguing about.

value  financial value  monetary value  price  asking price

141

seriously/ˈsɪr.iː.ə.sli/

به شدت جدا، به طور جدی

قید

You can't seriously think I'm a suspect.
You seriously won't let me meet him?

solemnly  earnestly  gravely  soberly  sombrely

142

permit/pərˈmɪt/

اجازه دادن مجاز بودن

فعل

allow  let  authorize  give someone authorization  give someone leave

143

air conditioner/ɛr kənˈdɪʃənər/

تهویه کننده هوا دستگاه تهویه هوا

اسم

144

spectacular/spɛkˈtækjələr/

تماشایی فوق‌العاده، پرشکوه

صفت

It really is as spectacular as he described.
The view from the top was spectacular, the snow perfect and the trail empty of other skiers.

impressive  magnificent  splendid  dazzling  sensational

145

electricity/ɪˌlekˈtrɪsəti/

برق الکتریسیته

اسم

After a century, electricity was still being generated.
Probably some run down shack without electricity or running water - and how much of the 40 acres was vertical?

power  electric power  energy  current  static

146

decide/dɪˈsɑɪd/

تصمیم گرفتن

فعل

I hope you decide to take the job.
If you decide to take the job, have your things ready then.

resolve  determine  make up one's mind  make a decision  come to a decision

147

wireless/ˈwaɪrlɪs/

بی‌سیم بدون سیم

صفت

are provided with wireless stations.
Wireless Internet was not available at the cabin and our computer had no means for a telephone hook-up.

148

coffee maker/ˈkɑː.fi ˌmeɪ.kɚ/

قهوه ساز

اسم

149

optical/ˈɑptɪkəl/

بصری [وابسته به بینایی]

صفت

The mistake, shown in all the old maps of Australia, had originated in a curious optical illusion.
His researches extended to almost every branch of physical science, but his most important work was of an optical character.

150

pretty/ˈprɪt̬.i/

خیلی بسیار، کاملا

قید

Your aunt and uncle seem pretty fond of you.
Oh, what a pretty sound it made!

attractive  lovely  good-looking  nice-looking  fetching

151

obsolete/ˈɑbsəˌlit/

مهجور منسوخ، غیر متداول، از کار افتاده

صفت

Then war can become obsolete, as foreign to us as slavery and public hangings.
The rate at which technology becomes obsolete continues to increase dramatically.

out of date  outdated  outmoded  old-fashioned
no longer in use  disused

152

antique/ænˈtiːk/

عتیقه

اسم

The large room contained some of the most beautiful antique furniture she had ever seen.
But in some ways, it's like antique furniture.

collector's item  period piece  museum piece  antiquity  object of virtu
heirloom
treasure

153

document/ˈdɑkjəmɛnt/

سند مدرک

اسم

Their government gave this document publicity.
Thus has been preserved an absolutely unique historical document of great importance, recounting (I) the numerous public offices and honours conferred on him, (2) his various benefactions to the state, to the plebs and to his soldiers, and (3) his military and administrative services to the empire.

official paper  legal paper  paper  form  certificate

154

guarantee/ˌgær.ənˈtiː/

ضمانت ضمانت‌نامه، قول

اسم

There was no guarantee Gabriel wanted her, but she'd have a chance.
Just because things went well last month it doesn't guarantee they will go well this month.

warranty  warrant  contract  covenant  bond

155

remote control/rɪˌmoʊt.kənˈtroʊl/

کنترل (تلویزیون و ...)

اسم

156

photocopier/ˈfoʊtoʊkɑːpiər/

دستگاه فتوکپی

اسم

Every office with a printer and photocopier needs toner.
When shopping for a printer or photocopier, include replacement costs of printer cartridges into your calculations.

157

own/oʊn/

خود مال خود

صفت

Was it greedy to want one of their own as well?
They must be cultivating their own language.

personal  individual  particular  private  personalized

158

all/ɔːl/

همه تمام، کل

ضمیر

First of all, I wasn't the only one involved.
I think they are all having fun with Alex.

each of  each one of the  every one of the  every single one of the
every  each and every

159

entire/enˈtɑɪr/

تمام

صفت

She had enough for the entire family.
I thought about it for the entire night.

whole  complete  total  full
continuous  unbroken

160

complain/kəmˈpleɪn/

شکایت کردن اعتراض کردن

فعل

I have nothing to complain of.
"All in all, we can't complain about business," Cynthia added.

protest  grumble  moan  whine  bleat

161

first off/fɜrst ɔf/

اول از همه اولا

قید

162

anyway/ˈen.iːˌweɪ/

به هر حال در هر صورت، راستی

قید

Well, it doesn't matter anyway, I suppose.
Anyway, I only act fifteen, I'm really 19.

163

fix/fɪks/

تعمیر کردن درست کردن

فعل

fasten  attach  affix  secure
make fast  join

164

thing/θɪŋ/

چیز وسیله

اسم

How could he do such a thing to his own children?
It was a strange thing for a man to say.

object  article  item  artefact  commodity
device

165

laptop/ˈlæp.tɑp/

لپ‌تاپ

اسم

"Keep eating," he said, glancing up from the laptop he set on the table before him.
Ingrid left and returned with her laptop and an iPad, sitting at the table with him.

166

computer/kəmˈpjuːtər/

رایانه کامپیوتر

اسم

A computer can do some tasks better than a person can. 
I haven't been near a computer since before I left.

167

right now/raɪt naʊ/

همین الان

قید

168

its/ɪts/

[صفت ملکی سوم شخص مفرد خنثی] مال آن، -اش، -ِ

تخصیص گر

He could hear its footsteps.
Something was pushing its way through the bushes.

169

us/ʌs/

[ضمیر مفعولی اول شخص جمع] ما را، به ما، از ما، برای ما

ضمیر

You didn't tell us it was her birthday.
I hope he likes us all.

170

simple/ˈsɪm.pəl/

ساده آسان

صفت

It's as simple as that.
Surely he had a simple checkbook file.

straightforward  easy  uncomplicated  uninvolved  effortless

171

come along/kʌm əˈlɔŋ/

رسیدن آمدن

فعل

progress  make progress  develop  shape up  make headway
come on

172

GPS/ʤi-pi-ɛs/

جی‌پی‌اس سامانه موقعیت‌یاب جهانی

اسم

173

product/ˈprɑːdʌkt/

محصول کالا، جنس

اسم

artefact  commodity  manufactured article  manufactured item  manufactured thing
creation

174

great/greɪt/

بسیار زیاد، بیشتر

صفت

You're doing a great job.
It's great and I love it.

considerable  substantial  pronounced  sizeable  significant

175

compatible/kəmˈpætəbl/

هم‌عقیده تفاهم‌دار، سازگار، جور

صفت

I thought I was marrying a man who had chosen a lifestyle compatible with mine.
Maybe he would never find a compatible mate.

well suited  suited  well matched  like-minded  of the same mind

176

camera/ˈkæm.rə/

دوربین

اسم

Tell me there's a camera out there!
Jackson turned the camera on and stood beside her.

177

open/ˈoʊ.pən/

باز کردن باز شدن

فعل

You don't have to open your mouth.
After a slight hesitation the door burst open with a cracking blow.

not shut  not closed  unlocked  unbolted  unlatched

178

optical zoom/ˈɑptɪkəl zum/

زوم اپتیکال

اسم

179

digital camera/ˌdɪdʒ.ət̬.əlˈkæm.rə/

دوربین دیجیتال

اسم

180

feature/ˈfiʧər/

ویژگی مشخصه

اسم

Her favorite feature, her eyes, had always been a pretty shade of turquoise.
What do you consider the model's best feature to be?

characteristic  attribute  quality  property  trait

181

presentation/ˌprez.ənˈteɪ.ʃən/

سخنرانی ارائه، نطق

اسم

awarding  presenting  giving  handing over  dispensing

182

cell/sel/

تلفن همراه

اسم

dungeon  oubliette  lock-up  prison
room  cubicle

183

desktop/ˈdesk.tɑp/

کامپیوتر رومیزی صفحه کامپیوتر

اسم

You can share your desktop and have whiteboard sessions on your computer.
She lifted a stack of papers and straightened them with a sharp rap on her mahogany desktop, deliberately ignoring his empty invitation.

184

close/kloʊz/

بستن

فعل

near  adjacent  in close proximity  close at hand  near at hand
not far from

185

off/ɔːf/

تخفیف

قید

I think I scared about ten years off my life too.
Thank you for getting me off the hook.

away  to a distance  from here  from there
away  absent

186

tomorrow/təˈmɑˌroʊ/

فردا

قید

Come to me tomorrow morning.
Tomorrow is Christmas morning.

187

present/ˈprez.ənt/

زمان حال مضارع (دستور زبان)

اسم

in attendance  attending  here  there  near

188

clogged/klɔgd/

گرفته مسدود شده

صفت

Jennifer Radisson, in spite of her height and eye catching blonde hair, was quickly lost in the happy crowd that clogged the sidewalks.
The swamps are full of huge reeds, bordered with tamarisk jungles, and in its lower reaches, where the water stretches out into great marshes, the river is clogged with a growth of agrostis.

sabot  wooden shoe  wooden-soled shoe
block  obstruct  congest

189

flash drive/flæʃ draɪv/

فلش کارت حافظه

اسم

190

scanner/ˈskænər/

اسکنر پویشگر

اسم

I heard about it on the scanner and we came over here as fast as we could.
You can even personalize the labels by "naming" the candle or lotion after the recipient, and putting their picture on it using a scanner, computer, and print program.

191

battery/ˈbæt̬.ə.ri/

باتری

اسم

The battery in the lantern might be dead or the fall might have broken it.
Now, we know that the number of electrochemical equivalents electrolysed is proportional to the whole amount of electricity which passed through the circuit, and the product of this by the electromotive force of the battery is the work done by the latter, so that in this case also Joule showed that the heat generated was proportional to the work done.

cell  accumulator  power unit
gun emplacement  artillery unit
artillery  cannonry

192

chart/tʃɑːrt/

نمودار

اسم

He dropped her chart on the table.
She focused on the chart he held up to the light.

graph  table  tabulation  grid  histogram

193

slow/sloʊ/

آرام آهسته

قید

A slow smile came to his lips.
Don't let me slow you down.

unhurried  leisurely  measured  moderate  deliberate

194

iron/ˈɑɪ.ərn/

اتو اطو

اسم

strength  toughness  resilience  fortitude  firmness

195

advertise/ˈædvərtaɪz/

تبلیغ کردن

فعل

A friend of hers who is a florist asks if she can advertise on the site.
We could advertise them in our brochure.

publicize  make public  make known  give publicity to  bill

196

bad/bæd/

بد

صفت

It's kind of small, but the rent isn't too bad, and it'll be available by then.
No. I just had a bad dream.

substandard  poor  inferior  second-rate  second-class

197

reduce/rəˈdus/

کاهش دادن کم کردن

فعل

lessen  make less  make smaller  lower  bring down

198

look for/lʊk fɔr/

(به) دنبال (چیزی) گشتن

فعل

search for  hunt for  seek  look about for  look around for

199

opera/ˈɑ.pər.ə/

اپرا

اسم

He wasn't dressed like opening night at the opera by accident!
1859 Paris opera 1836 Scheibler, Stuttgart, proposed standard (440 at 69° F.).

composition  work  work of art  oeuvre  piece

200

tiny/ˈtɑɪ.ni/

کوچک بسیار اندک، بسیار ریز

صفت

Some are very tiny and some are very large.
Even the tiny rose petal lips looked pale.

minute  small-scale  scaled-down  mini  baby

201

photocopy/ˈfoʊtoʊˌkɑpi/

فتوکپی کردن فتوکپی گرفتن

فعل

Dean handed Fitzgerald the photocopy of Martha's drawing and comments she and Cynthia had made.
Make sure you photocopy your receipt and rebate application in case the original is lost or destroyed.

reproduction  copy  mimeograph  mimeo  facsimile

202

whatever/wʌt̬ˈev.ər/

هر چه هر چیز

ضمیر

Whatever happens, it's us together and we'll make it.
The Internet is whatever we make it to be.

203

window/ˈwɪndoʊ/

پنجره

اسم

She glanced out the window, still smiling.
Actually, I never gave it much thought until I found the window open.

casement, opening, aperture

204

pack/pæk/

بسته جعبه کوچک

اسم

packet  container  package  box  crate

205

on the blink/ɑn ðə blɪŋk/

خراب (ماشین‌آلات) از کار افتاده، درست کار نکردن

عبارت

206

continuous/kənˈtɪn.ju.əs/

استمراری

صفت

All he sees is one continuous line.
To understand the laws of this continuous movement is the aim of history.

continual  uninterrupted  unbroken  constant  ceaseless

207

terrible/ˈtɛrəbəl/

افتضاح هولناک، بسیار بد

صفت

It was a terrible choice for a hiding place.
They wouldn't all be there unless something terrible had happened.

dreadful  awful  appalling  horrific  horrifying

208

upload/ˈʌp.loʊd/

بارگذاری کردن آپلود کردن

فعل

His cell rang before it could upload the number of voicemails and texts.
cant I upload photos to the gallery?

209

elevator/ˈel.əˌveɪt̬.ər/

آسانسور

اسم

Deidre left the elevator and went to her apartment.
The other occupant of the elevator glanced at her.

210

powerful/ˈpɑʊ.ər.fəl/

نیرومند قدرتمند

صفت

The powerful words made her frown.
The more powerful the deity, the more restricted.

strong  muscular  muscly  sturdy  strapping

211

memory stick/ˈmɛməri stɪk/

کارت حافظه رم، مموری استیک

اسم

212

copier/ˈkɑpiər/

دستگاه فتوکپی

اسم

All-in-Ones: These printers print, scan documents and can also function as a copier.
It's best if this is not copied by hand but that you run it through a copier.

213

affordable/əˈfɔrdəbəl/

مقرون‌به‌صرفه ارزان

صفت

Distributed computing makes enormous computational problems affordable to solve.
I want to buy a new car, but the payments aren't affordable given my current salary.

214

awful/ˈɔː.fəl/

افتضاح بسیار بد

صفت

You must feel awful about it.
It was an awful combination.

very unpleasant  disgusting  nasty  terrible  dreadful

215

rice cooker/raɪs ˈkʊkər/

پلوپز

حرف اضافه

216

less/les/

کمتری کمتر

تخصیص گر

Go find a less annoying way to earn some money.
Now the world has one less fool!

a smaller amount
not so much as  not as much as  under  below
shy of
not so much  not so great



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