درس 10


ردیف

واژه

معنی

نقش گرامری

1

than/ðæn/

از نسبت به

حرف اضافه

He thinks you are better than us.
He has lived more than eighty years.

2

change/tʃeɪndʒ/

مابقی پول

اسم

alter  make different  become different  undergo a change  make alterations to

3

a bit/ə bɪt/

کمی

قید

rather  a little  fairly  slightly  somewhat

4

finally/ˈfaɪn.əl.i/

بالاخره سرانجام، در پایان

قید

Finally he glanced up and met her questioning gaze.
I finally left Walden September 6th, 1847.

eventually  ultimately  in the end  by and by  at length

5

appreciation/əˌpriː.ʃiːˈeɪ.ʃən/

سپاس قدردانی

اسم

Rita began to clap in appreciation of his performance.
It was a selfish thought, showing no appreciation for everything they had done.

gratitude  thanks  gratefulness  thankfulness  recognition

6

possible/ˈpɑs.ə.bəl/

امکان‌پذیر ممکن، مقدور

صفت

I have only three possible answers.
It was possible after all - but was it moral?

feasible  able to be done  practicable  viable  within the bounds of possibility

7

fare/fer/

کرایه (تاکسی و ...)

اسم

Clothes don't fare very well through the transformation.
"How do you fare, nishani?" he asked.

ticket price  transport cost  price  cost  charge

8

store/stɔːr/

مغازه فروشگاه

اسم

She caught sight of herself in a store window.
I'm surprised the clothing store was open.

supply  stock  stockpile  reserve  cache

9

portable/ˈpɔrtəbəl/

قابل انتقال قابل حمل

صفت

Portable altars have been used on occasion since the time of Bede.
"Yeah, I wish I had my portable lab set with me," Ully agreed.

transportable  movable  mobile  transferable  easily carried

10

come down/kʌm daʊn/

نزول کردن پایین آمدن، سقوط کردن (قیمت و ...)

فعل

decide  conclude  settle  reach a decision
choose  opt

11

tip/tɪp/

انعام دادن

فعل

After a silent prayer, I telephoned the tip line.
Actually, the tip of the tip of the iceberg.

point  end  extremity  head  sharp end

12

credit card/ˈkred.ɪtˌkɑrd/

کارت اعتباری

اسم

13

monthly/ˈmʌnθ.li/

ماهانه

قید

I will offer them monthly rations and housing at our Moscow estate.
The household account he had set up for her was healthy and growing with the monthly deposits he made.

14

client/ˈklaɪənt/

مشتری موکل

اسم

I've been looking at his client files and calling some of them.
Meeting with a client, he'll be back soon.

customer  buyer  purchaser  shopper  consumer

15

customary/ˈkʌstəˌmɛri/

مرسوم معمول

صفت

All else was to him only life's customary routine.
It was customary to wear the highest rank, and the VP trumped Mr. Tim twice over.

usual  traditional  normal  conventional
familiar  accepted

16

hurt/hɜːrt/

درد داشتن درد کردن

فعل

Did I hurt you?
I did not mean to hurt you.

be painful  be sore  be tender  cause pain  cause discomfort

17

expense/ɪkˈspens/

هزینه

اسم

I'm still waiting for his last expense account.
He paid particular attention to the March expense accounts and itineraries.

cost  price
charge  outlay  fee  tariff

18

travel/ˈtræv.əl/

سفر کردن رفتن، مسافرت کردن

فعل

I would like to travel there.
Travel the way you wish to go.

journey  tour  take a trip  go on a trip  voyage

19

rule/ruːl/

قانون

اسم

But I didn't make that rule up.
I always make it a rule to speak out.

regulation  ruling  directive  order  court order

20

statement/ˈsteɪtmənt/

صورت حساب فیش

اسم

No doubt he told them that Alexia had died, because after Jonathan's statement, that would be easiest.
His statement did nothing to slow Fred down.

declaration  expression of facts  expression of views  affirmation  assertion

21

deal/diːl/

قرارداد معامله

اسم

It meant a good deal to him to secure a home like this.
She'd deal with him later.

agreement  understanding  pact  compact  bargain

22

exchange/ɪksˈtʃeɪndʒ/

تبادل عوض، رد و بدل

اسم

The exchange student was growling at her.
Your life in exchange for keeping the tumor I remove.

interchange  trade  trading  trade-off  swapping

23

heavy/ˈhev.i/

سنگین

صفت

The suitcase didn't seem that heavy at the time.
He could hear its heavy breathing.

weighty  hefty  big  large  substantial

24

US/ˌjuː ˈes/

آمریکا

اسم

You didn't tell us it was her birthday.
I hope he likes us all.

25

debit/ˈdebɪt/

بدهی ستون چپ، ستون بدهکار، مبلغ کسر شده از موجودی بانکی

اسم

When you have business overdraft protection, then the money transfers automatically to your bank account to pay a check or to allow you or your employee to use your debit card, even if you have a $0 balance in the bank.
Click on the links in the box at the right to access the direct debit mandate form.

26

regular/ˈreg.jə.lər/

همیشگی ثابت

صفت

Tonight she was having fun, but it wasn't something she would enjoy doing on a regular basis.
A regular passion flower.

uniform  even  consistent  constant  unchanging

27

package/ˈpæk.ɪdʒ/

بسته ظرف

اسم

It was a package deal.
There'll be a nice severance package for all of you.

parcel  packet  container  box  carton
collection

28

bargain/ˈbɑr.gən/

خرید ارزان چانه زنی (سر قیمت)، ارزان

اسم

agreement  arrangement  understanding  deal
contract  pact

29

complicated/ˈkɑm.pləˌkeɪt̬.əd/

پیچیده دشوار

صفت

If it doesn't look too complicated, maybe I can fix it.
The dispositions were very complicated and difficult.

complex  intricate  involved  convoluted  tangled

30

country/ˈkʌn.tri/

کشور

اسم

The country was wild and beautiful.
His birth father already suspected she was a country bumpkin.

state  nation  sovereign state  kingdom  realm

31

merchant/ˈmɜrʧənt/

تاجر بازرگان

اسم

The merchant was delighted.
He was brought up in the merchant service, and entered the United States navy as a lieutenant in 1798.

trader  dealer  trafficker  wholesaler  broker

32

server/ˈsɜrvər/

خدمتکار

اسم

Since, however, the ob server is not conscious of his own translatory motion FIG.
Take it back to your table and a server will prepare the food on a sizzling hot plate.

waiter  waitress  attendant  waitperson  steward

33

currency/ˈkɜr.ən.si/

پول رایج

اسم

As currency is inflated, prices rise.
Few countries have suffered more from a depreciated currency than Argentina.

money  legal tender  medium of exchange  cash  banknotes

34

range/reɪnʤ/

گستره دامنه، محدوده

اسم

Get yourself to the range and learn to shoot.
The trio was out of camera range a few steps later.

span  scope  compass  radius  scale

35

sale/seɪl/

فروش ویژه حراج

اسم

I bought 'em at a garage sale right down the street.
Would you buy the answer that I ran into an incredible sale I couldn't pass up?

selling  vending  disposal
dealing  trading  bargaining
deal

36

least/liːst/

کمترین کمتر، کمتر از همه

ضمیر

At least they were talking.
They wanted her out of the way, or at least silent.

slightest  smallest  minimum  minimal  minutest

37

percent/pərˈsɛnt/

درصد

اسم

"Under ten percent," he replied.
I was a hundred percent truthful—same as always, almost.

38

spend/spend/

خرج کردن

فعل

I spend my life protecting you.
Well, he did spend a lot of time with his mother.

pay out  lay out  expend  disburse
squander  go through

39

handmade/ˈhændˈmeɪd/

دست‌ساز دست‌دوز

صفت

He took a booth at the craft fair in order to peddle his handmade belts. 
The dining room table was set with a linen tablecloth under a handmade lace cover, fine china, Waterford crystal and brass chargers.

40

bargain/ˈbɑr.gən/

چانه زدن

فعل

agreement  arrangement  understanding  deal
contract  pact

41

one/wʌn/

یکی آن یکی

ضمیر

"One person cannot be called 'people,'" said the Sorcerer.
One brow shot up.

unit  item
monad
a single  a solitary  a sole  a lone
only

42

tipping/ˈtɪpɪŋ/

انعام‌دهی

اسم

Giddon was obviously watching her, so calling on her telephone might be tipping her hand.
Tipping her palm outward, she blew him a kiss.

point  end  extremity  head  sharp end

43

expect/ɪkˈspekt/

انتظار داشتن توقع داشتن

فعل

I didn't expect you so soon.
I expect nothing less from you.

suppose  presume  think it likely  think  believe

44

rug/rʌg/

قالیچه فرش

اسم

She sprawled on the rug near the fireplace.
He dropped to his knees on the Oriental rug with her still in his arms.

mat  carpet
floorcloth
blanket  coverlet  throw  wrap
travelling rug
lap robe

45

save/seɪv/

جمع کردن (پول) پس انداز کردن

فعل

You have a chance to save yourself.
He did save your life, you know.

rescue  come to someone's rescue  save someone's life  come to someone's aid
set free  free

46

affordable/əˈfɔrdəbəl/

مقرون‌به‌صرفه ارزان

صفت

Distributed computing makes enormous computational problems affordable to solve.
I want to buy a new car, but the payments aren't affordable given my current salary.

47

satisfied/ˈsæt̬.ɪsˌfɑɪd/

خشنود راضی

صفت

You are satisfied with her.
Is your fit of curiosity satisfied, or do you have some more questions?

pleased  well pleased  happy  content  contented
proud

48

clean/kliːn/

تمیز کردن پاک کردن، مرتب کردن

فعل

You always look neat and clean - even if you are a little out of style.
I have to clean the barn.

washed  scrubbed  cleansed  cleaned  polished
spotless

49

against/əˈgenst/

در مقابل در برابر

حرف اضافه

I don't have to defend myself against Alex.
What do you have against me?

opposed to  in opposition to  hostile to  averse to  antagonistic towards

50

money/ˈmʌn.i/

پول

اسم

He said I could spend his money with a clear conscience.
It's about time you spent some money on yourself.

cash  hard cash  ready money
the means  the wherewithal  funds

51

fair/fer/

منصفانه عادلانه، منصف

صفت

just  equitable  fair-minded  open-minded  honest

52

rip-off/ˈrɪp ɑːf/

پول زور کلاه‎برداری

اسم

Not a Star War because that would be a rip-off.
It's one thing to rip off catholic iconography.

fraud  swindle  fraudulent scheme  confidence trick  mare's nest
overcharging
con

53

depend/dəˈpend/

بستگی داشتن وابسته بودن

فعل

If I need any help, I can always depend on Josh.
It might depend on the circumstances.

be contingent on  be conditional on  be dependent on  turn on  pivot on

54

per/pɜr/

هر در

حرف اضافه

Brady hesitated to respond, feeling as though he should concentrate on supporting her, per Tim's directions, rather than reach out to her when he needed her.
Yeah, but here you measure the land by cows per acre, not the other way around.

55

least/liːst/

کمترین

قید

At least they were talking.
They wanted her out of the way, or at least silent.

slightest  smallest  minimum  minimal  minutest

56

exchange/ɪksˈtʃeɪndʒ/

تبدیل کردن (پول)

فعل

The exchange student was growling at her.
Your life in exchange for keeping the tumor I remove.

interchange  trade  trading  trade-off  swapping

57

housekeeper/ˈhaʊˌskipər/

نظافتچی (خانه، هتل و ...) خدمتکار، خانه‌دار

اسم

It was as if I had left a cheerful housekeeper behind.
I'm your housekeeper, remember?

58

leave/liːv/

ترک کردن رها کردن، رفتن

فعل

What time are we going to leave tomorrow?
If one of us has to leave, I'll go.

depart from  go away from  go from  withdraw from  retire from

59

across the street/əˈkrɔs ðə strit/

آن طرف خیابان

عبارت

60

salesperson/ˈseɪlzˌpɜr.sən/

فروشنده

اسم

You are being helped by an excellent salesperson who has been working there for twenty-five years.
Even an exceptional salesperson has an imperfect memory.

salesman  saleswoman  sales assistant  assistant  shop assistant

61

satisfactory/ˌsæt̬.əsˈfæk.tə.ri/

رضایت‌بخش

صفت

All in all, it was a most satisfactory relationship.
The problem is difficult, and no satisfactory answer has been given.

adequate  all right  acceptable  good enough  sufficient

62

Austria/ˈɔːstriə/

اتریش

اسم

The emperor of Austria continues to nominate to bishoprics by virtue of rights anterior to this concordat.
Meanwhile Philip had appointed his natural brother, Don John of Austria, to be governor-general in the place of Requesens.

63

most/moʊst/

-ترین [نشانه صفت عالی] بیشترین

قید

Most people will tell you anything you want to know.
"Most of the people in the world are poor," said the coachman.

nearly all  almost all  the greatest number  the greatest part  the greatest quantity

64

prefer/prɪˈfɜr/

ترجیح دادن

فعل

I prefer to work on my terms.
"I prefer," he said with a smile.

like better  would rather  would rather have  would sooner  would sooner have

65

almost/ˈɔːl.moʊst/

تقریبا نزدیک بود

قید

At ten years old, Jonathan was almost as tall as she was.
She was almost thirteen.

nearly  just about  about  more or less  practically

66

too/tu/

بیش از حد زیادی

قید

She had to move a few things to make room, but that wasn't too hard.
I'm too warm in this one.

excessively  overly  over  unduly  immoderately

67

cash/kæʃ/

پول نقد

اسم

money  ready cash  ready money  currency  legal tender

68

century/ˈsɛnʧəri/

قرن سده

اسم

We're living in the 21st century, Mary.
After a century, electricity was still being generated.

69

Germany/ˈʤɜrməni/

آلمان

اسم

However, the duties of archchancellor for Italy were generally discharged by deputy, and after the virtual separation of Italy and Germany, the title alone was retained by the elector.
The Wittelsbachs gave three kings to Germany, Louis IV.,' Rupert and Charles VII.

70

car rental/kɑr ˈrɛntəl/

(موسسه یا شرکت) اجاره خودرو

اسم

71

trip/trɪp/

سفر

اسم

Outside of this being her first trip in an airplane, the rest of the flight was uneventful.
It's only a four hour trip, maybe.

stumble  lose one's footing  catch one's foot  slip  lose one's balance

72

gift/gɪft/

کادو هدیه

اسم

I had one gift which especially pleased me.
Send the beautiful gift to him.

present  donation  offering  contribution  handout

73

enough/ɪˈnʌf/

(به اندازه) کافی

قید

She had enough for the entire family.
I've taken up enough of his time.

sufficient  adequate  ample  abundant  as much … as necessary

74

antique/ænˈtiːk/

عتیقه کهنه، قدیمی

صفت

The large room contained some of the most beautiful antique furniture she had ever seen.
But in some ways, it's like antique furniture.

collector's item  period piece  museum piece  antiquity  object of virtu
heirloom
treasure

75

accept/əkˈsept/

پذیرفتن قبول کردن

فعل

Give her a little time to accept the idea.
Sometimes we have to accept change, if we want to move forward.

receive  agree to receive  welcome  take  take receipt of

76

shawl/ʃɔːl/

شال سه گوش اشارپ

اسم

Princess Mary threw a shawl over her head and ran to meet the newcomer.
Suddenly her door opened softly and her old nurse, Praskovya Savishna, who hardly ever came to that room as the old prince had forbidden it, appeared on the threshold with a shawl round her head.

77

rude/rud/

بی‌ادب گستاخانه، بی‌ادبی

صفت

It simply wasn't like him to be rude like that.
There they might live in peace and safety while all the country round was overrun by rude and barbarous men.

ill-mannered  bad-mannered  impolite  discourteous  impertinent

78

during/ˈdʊr.ɪŋ/

در طول طی

حرف اضافه

He must have changed clothes during the night.
Sleep was not her friend during the day.

throughout  through  in  in the course of  throughout the time of

79

afraid/əˈfreɪd/

متاسف متاسفانه

صفت

He was not afraid of anything.
Any time a wild animal isn't afraid of you, there is probably something wrong.

frightened  scared  scared stiff  terrified  fearful

80

handshake/ˈhændˌʃeɪk/

(عمل) دست دادن

اسم

Those are red-letter days in our lives when we meet people who thrill us like a fine poem, people whose handshake is brimful of unspoken sympathy, and whose sweet, rich natures impart to our eager, impatient spirits a wonderful restfulness which, in its essence, is divine.
A hearty handshake or a friendly letter gives me genuine pleasure.

81

company/ˈkʌm.pə.ni/

شرکت شرکا

اسم

I haven't had any female company in months.
Go and keep her company for ten minutes.

firm  business  corporation  house  establishment

82

Europe/ˈjʊrəp/

اروپا

اسم

We're in northern Europe, so you can't go wrong with sweaters.
Once again, war raged in Europe and around the world and left sixty million people dead.

83

sunglasses/ˈsʌnˌglæs.ɪz/

عینک آفتابی

اسم

84

hope/hoʊp/

امیدوار بودن امید داشتن

فعل

aspiration  desire  wish  expectation  ambition

85

usually/ˈjuː.ʒu.ə.li/

معمولا

قید

His usually calm face showed excitement.
I'm usually quite tired the next day.

normally  generally  habitually  customarily  standardly

86

mean/miːn/

به معنی (چیزی) بودن معنا داشتن

فعل

I didn't mean to scare you.
"What does that mean?" asked the Princess.

signify  convey  denote  designate  indicate

87

shop/ʃɑp/

مغازه فروشگاه

اسم

It was too early for the silver shop to be open.
And here's the little shop where we used to buy gingerbread!

store  retail store  outlet  retail outlet  reseller

88

vase/veɪs/

گلدان

اسم

Alex glanced at the vase of dandelions on the counter and nodded.
You're like a vase and the magic is the water.

89

worst/wɜːrst/

بدترین

صفت

defeat  beat  best  get the better of  gain the advantage over

90

free/friː/

رایگان مجانی

قید

Hey, I really am free this time.
You can spend it with a free conscience.

without charge  free of charge  for nothing  complimentary  gratis

91

charge/tʃɑːrdʒ/

هزینه

اسم

Before she could object, Kiki took charge again.
I will be in charge of your initiation.

ask in payment  ask  fix a charge  fix a price  impose

92

rate/reɪt/

نرخ میزان

اسم

At any rate, it was none of her business.
They said his pulse rate has increased over night, which might mean he is trying to wake up.

percentage  ratio  proportion  scale  standard
charge

93

bowl/boʊl/

کاسه پیاله

اسم

She grabbed a bowl and dipped out the last of the oatmeal.
His gaze shifted to a bowl of food.

pitch  throw  propel  hurl  toss

94

stop/stɑp/

مانع شدن باز داشتن

فعل

If everyone would stop talking about it...
Stop and consider that for a moment.

put an end to  put a stop to  bring to an end  end  bring to a stop

95

European/ˌjʊrəˈpiən/

اروپایی [وابسته به اروپا یا اتحادیه اروپا]

صفت

The forces of a dozen European nations burst into Russia.
The storm-tossed sea of European history had subsided within its shores and seemed to have become calm.

96

recommendation/ˌrek.ə.mənˈdeɪ.ʃən/

توصیه پیشنهاد

اسم

On the recommendation of the orientalist, J.
Defoe says he received no pension, but his subsequent fidelity was at all events indirectly rewarded; moreover, Harley's moderation in a time of the extremest party-insanity was no little recommendation to Defoe.

advice  counsel  guidance  direction  exhortation

97

best/best/

بهترین

صفت

finest  greatest  top  foremost  leading

98

add/æd/

افزودن اضافه کردن، به علاوه کردن

فعل

Once we have a sheriff's salary coming in, maybe we can add a little to their budget—until they get settled.
You couldn't add wood to the fire?

attach  build on  add on  put on  put in

99

bank/bæŋk/

بانک

اسم

A bank of clouds was building to the northeast.
Her bank account was rarely over two hundred.

edge  side  embankment  levee  border

100

check/tʃek/

صورتحساب

اسم

Why not check it out?
I'll check into that too.

examine  inspect  look at  look over  scrutinize

101

stuff/stʌf/

چیز (ها) اجناس، کار، وسایل

اسم

material  fabric  cloth  textile
matter  substance

102

post office/ˈpoʊstˌɔː.fəs/

اداره پست دفتر پست

اسم

103

transaction/trænˈzækʃn/

معامله تبادل

اسم

The council meets once a week for the transaction of the business of government.
Such a transaction might be of two kinds.

deal  business  agreement  undertaking  affair

104

superlative/sʊˈpɜr.lət̬.ɪv/

عالی (صفت)

صفت

The poets and the philosophers paid him enthusiastic homage, and all the distinguished women of the day testified to his superlative merits.
The judges found it difficult to pick the person with the superlative performance in the talent show.

excellent  magnificent  wonderful  glorious  marvellous

105

round off/raʊnd ɔf/

گرد کردن (ارقام) رند کردن

فعل

106

surprised/sərˈpraɪzd/

متعجب شگفت‌زده

صفت

I was a little surprised at the invitation.
I'm surprised to see you out here.

astonished  amazed  in amazement  nonplussed  taken aback

107

irregular/ɪˈreg.jə.lər/

بی‌قاعده (دستور زبان)

صفت

A mountain may be described (it cannot be defined) as an elevated region of irregular surface rising comparatively abruptly from lower ground.
Even on the quietest days irregular changes are always numerous and often large.

asymmetrical  non-uniform  uneven  crooked  misshapen

108

souvenir/ˌsuː.vəˈnɪr/

سوغاتی یادگاری سفر

اسم

"Let's chalk up another light-finger souvenir to Claire," Dean suggested.
It is a very interesting souvenir of Columbus, and of the Fair White City; but I cannot imagine what discoveries I have made,--I mean new discoveries.

memento  keepsake  reminder  remembrance  token

109

very/ˈver.i/

خیلی بسیار

قید

You love him very much.
You're a very interesting person.

extremely  exceedingly  exceptionally  especially  tremendously

110

ATM/ˌeɪ tiː ˈem/

دستگاه خودپرداز عابربانک

اسم

Just doing one atm - shall tag you, tho don't feel under any obligation!
Have your transaction, including any deposit envelopes, ready before you get to the ATM.

111

taxi driver/ˈtæksi ˈdraɪvər/

راننده تاکسی

اسم

112

gorgeous/ˈgɔrʤəs/

زیبا جذاب، خوشگل

صفت

She was gorgeous in the moonlight, and desire stirred his blood.
That is gorgeous, wherever did you find it?

good-looking  attractive  nice-looking  handsome  lovely

113

projector/prəˈdʒektər/

پروژکتور آپارات، فراتاب

اسم

The east side was platted in the summer of 1835, and very soon afterward the plat of a settlement on the west side was also recorded, Byron Kilbourn being the chief projector and proprietor of the latter.
Its projector, Dr Horatio D.

114

show/ʃoʊ/

نشان دادن نمایش دادن

فعل

I'll show you where you can sleep.
Almost three-quarters of all defense spending occurs within NATO countries, meaning the alliance is largely the only military show in town.

be visible  be seen  be in view  manifest
appear  be revealed

115

shake hands/ʃeɪk hændz/

دست دادن (با کسی)

فعل

116

several/ˈsev.rəl/

چند چندین

تخصیص گر

After several rings, it went to the message.
On the way across the open water, they saw several dolphins.

some  a number of  a few  not very many  a handful of



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