درس 1


ردیف

واژه

معنی

نقش گرامری

1

busy/ˈbɪz.i/

پرمشغله مشغول، شلوغ

صفت

It's a large and busy hotel.
It was a warm late afternoon as I stood out on the sidewalk and looked up at the six massive columns towering above another busy and impressive train station.

occupied  occupied in  engaged in  involved in  employed in

2

each/iːtʃ/

هر

تخصیص گر

Suppose we each sing a song in turn.
Each book was written with a pen or a brush.

every one  each one  each and every one  one and all  all

3

movie/ˈmuː.vi/

فیلم

اسم

Deidre watched the movie in both fascination and fear.
It was the basis for the movie War Games in which the military's computer finally figures out it can't win in a nuclear launch scenario and says of such a war, Strange game.

film  picture  motion picture  feature  feature film
flick

4

think/θɪŋk/

فکر کردن اندیشیدن

فعل

He could not think of anything else.
Who do you think I am?

believe  be of the opinion  have as one's opinion  be of the view  be under the impression
expect

5

response/rɪˈspɑns/

پاسخ واکنش

اسم

Getting no response from Alex, he shrugged and turned to his desk.
He yelled a response and blinked his light.

answer  reply  acknowledgement  rejoinder  retort

6

expression/ɪkˈspreʃ.ən/

اصطلاح عبارت

اسم

By the expression on his face, he wasn't exactly enjoying the conversation.
His expression and tone were anything but understanding.

utterance  uttering  voicing  pronouncement  declaration

7

contraction/kənˈtrækʃn/

اختصار (دستور زبان)

اسم

The active contraction of muscular tissue has no counterpart in the plant.
The loose material may, and in an arid region does, consist only of portions of the higher parts of the surface detached by the expansion and contraction produced by heating and cooling due to radiation.

shrinking  reduction in size  shrinkage
decline  decrease  diminution

8

financial management/fəˈnænʃəl ˈmænəʤmənt/

مدیریت مالی

اسم

9

every day/ˈɛvəri deɪ/

هر روز

قید

daily  day-to-day  quotidian
diurnal  circadian
commonplace  ordinary

10

be/biː/

بودن هستن

فعل

"I couldn't be here if it wasn't," she said.
It had to be the new baby.

exist  have being  have existence
live  be alive  have life

11

too/tu/

بیش از حد زیادی

قید

She had to move a few things to make room, but that wasn't too hard.
I'm too warm in this one.

excessively  overly  over  unduly  immoderately

12

terrific/təˈrɪfɪk/

عالی

صفت

War broke out in 1665, and was marked by a series of terrific battles.
"Terrific!" said Dean, shaking the young man's hand.

tremendous  huge  massive  gigantic  colossal

13

important/ɪmˈpɔːrtnt/

مهم با اهمیت

صفت

I had to talk over a very important matter with him.
What's important is that you're alive.

significant  consequential  momentous  of great moment  of import

14

Japan/ʤəˈpæn/

ژاپن

اسم

0.8 o.68 Japan I I British India.
North China and Japan also have many forms of life in common.

15

use/juːz/

استفاده کردن مصرف کردن، به کار بردن

فعل

I figured you could use the rest.
I could use the help.

utilize  make use of  avail oneself of  employ  work

16

Turkish/ˈtɜrkɪʃ/

ترک [وابسته به کشور ترکیه و مردم آن]

صفت

The public buildings of chief interest are the kasbah, the government offices (formerly the British consulate), the palaces of the governor-general and the archbishop - all these are fine Moorish houses; the "Grand" and the "New" Mosques, the Roman Catholic cathedral of St Philippe, the church of the Holy Trinity (Church of England), and the Bibliotheque Nationale d'Alger - a Turkish palace built in 1799-1800.
Gladys waddled downstairs, strung in more beads than the draped back room doorway of a Turkish dope den.

17

from/frʌm/

اهل از [اصالت، ملیت]

حرف اضافه

18

possible/ˈpɑs.ə.bəl/

امکان‌پذیر ممکن، مقدور

صفت

I have only three possible answers.
It was possible after all - but was it moral?

feasible  able to be done  practicable  viable  within the bounds of possibility

19

say/seɪ/

گفتن حرف زدن، نظر دادن

فعل

I like the way you say thank you.
I won't say anything to anyone.

speak  utter  voice  pronounce  give utterance to

20

China/ˈʧaɪnə/

چین

اسم

A matching china cabinet held fine china, crystal and silverware.
In 1966, Mao Zedong closed the universities in China and sent their students and professors to the country to farm.

porcelain
dishes  plates  cups and saucers  crockery  dinner service

21

role/roʊl/

نقش وظیفه

اسم

part  character
title role
bit part  walk-on part  non-speaking part
capacity  position

22

help/help/

کمک کردن بهتر کردن

فعل

So will help you God, and so only.
They used to hang in long festoons from our porch, filling the whole air with their fragrance, untainted by any earthy smell; and in the early morning, washed in the dew, they felt so soft, so pure, I could not help wondering if they did not resemble the asphodels of God's garden.

assist  aid  help out  lend a hand to  lend a helping hand to

23

rhythm/ˈrɪðəm/

ریتم ضرب، نواخت

اسم

He said little else, and her breathing soon fell into rhythm with his.
The style and rhythm, indeed, were not exactly Virgilian; but the translation found many admirers, and was read with pleasure by Pope himself.

beat  cadence  tempo  time  pace

24

biography/baɪˈɑgrəfi/

زندگینامه

اسم

A biography was published by Le Laboureur, Histoire du mareschal de Guebriant, in 1656.
There is no good modern biography of Maecenas.

life story  life history  life  memoir  profile

25

story/ˈstɔːr.i/

داستان

اسم

He told his wonderful story to the king; but the king would not believe him.
That's an incredible story, Martha.

tale  narrative  account  recital
anecdote
chronicle  history
yarn

26

Canada/ˈkænədə/

کانادا

اسم

Galway, who settled in Canada in 1832.
He was appointed in 1911 to succeed Earl Grey as governor-general of Canada, retiring from this office in 1916.

27

India/ˈɪndiə/

هندوستان هند

اسم

Holmes, Four Heroes of India (1892); G.
As regards their present distribution in India, elephants are found along the foot of the Himalaya as far west as the valley of Dehra-Dun, where the winter temperature falls to a comparatively low point.

28

information/ˌɪn.fərˈmeɪ.ʃən/

اطلاعات

اسم

Getting information about him from Katie is too much work.
Of course, she knew Alex well enough now to know he didn't like people to hand out information about him.

details  particulars  facts  figures  statistics

29

get acquainted/gɛt əˈkweɪntɪd/

آشنا شدن (با کسی)

عبارت

30

a lot/ə lɑt/

خیلی بسیار

قید

31

international/ˌɪn.tərˈnæʃ.ən.əl/

بین‌المللی

صفت

I had more than an hour to wait at Philadelphia International Airport.
French became the language of diplomacy and international affairs.

global  worldwide  intercontinental
cosmopolitan  multiracial  multinational

32

neighbor/ˈneɪ.bər/

همسایه

اسم

This treasure does not belong to me, for I bought only the ground; but when I offered it to my neighbor he refused it.
He was merely a friendly neighbor practicing southern hospitality.

33

most/moʊst/

بیشتر (از همه)

قید

Most people will tell you anything you want to know.
"Most of the people in the world are poor," said the coachman.

nearly all  almost all  the greatest number  the greatest part  the greatest quantity

34

create/kriːˈeɪt/

به وجود آوردن ساختن، خلق کردن

فعل

They were paying someone to create it and then paying someone to carry it.
The you in my heaven is the person I create in my mind, the perfect you, who never drinks his milk from the cereal bowl and remembers every birthday and holiday with the nicest card he buys the day before, and he sends roses for no reason at all....

generate  produce  design  make  fabricate

35

communicate/kəˈmjuː.nəˌkeɪt/

ارتباط برقرار کردن

فعل

At least she was willing to communicate now.
He was trying to communicate – to improve their relationship.

convey  tell  impart  relay  transmit

36

his/hɪz/

[صفت ملکی سوم شخص مفرد مذکر] -اش، -ِ، او را، مال او

تخصیص گر

Nurturing was in his personality.
Then a little man jumped out of the basket, took off his tall hat, and bowed very gracefully to the crowd of Mangaboos around him.

37

preview/ˈpriːvjuː/

پیش‌نمایش پیش‌پرده، مقاله توصیفی

اسم

The preview was a foreshadowing of events in season six.
For example, during the baby swap storyline on Y&R between Sharon and Ashley, numerous preview and update articles detailed the history behind the swap, Adam's role and the speculation on when Sharon would learn the truth.

38

athlete/ˈæθˌliːt/

ورزشکار

اسم

In spite of being a mediocre athlete at best, Dean had thrived on sports.
The athlete took medication so that he would not wheeze.

sportswoman  sportsman  sportsperson
runner  racer  player

39

Argentina/ˌɑrʤənˈtinə/

آرژانتین

اسم

- The hydrography of Argentina is of the simplest character.
Although having a great extent of coast-line, Argentina has but few really good harbours.

40

Uruguayan/ˌjɜrəˈgweɪən/

اروگوئه‌ای وابسته به اروگوئه و مردم آن]

صفت

Telegraphic communication with Europe is effected by cables laid along the Uruguayan and Brazilian coasts, and by the Brazilian land lines to connect with transatlantic cables from Pernambuco.
A provisional government was formed under Urquiza, and the Brazilian and Uruguayan troops withdrew.

41

computing/kəmˈpjutɪŋ/

رایانش [استفاده و کاربری از رایانه]

اسم

As the Greek and Roman methods of computing time were connected with certain pagan rites and observances which the Christians held in abhorrence, the latter began at an early period to imitate the Jews in reckoning their years from the supposed period of the creation of the world.
Besides religious books and teachings, he introduced in 1026 the method of computing time by cycles of sixty years, " obtained from the Indian province of Shambala."

calculate  work out  reckon  figure  enumerate

42

birthplace/ˈbɜrθˌpleɪs/

محل تولد زادگاه، خاستگاه

اسم

It was the birthplace of Rutherford B.
The birthplace of Longfellow is now a tenement house.

43

enjoy/enˈdʒɔɪ/

لذت بردن

فعل

like  love  be fond of  be entertained by  be amused by

44

his/hɪz/

[ضمیر ملکی سوم شخص مفرد مذکر] مال او، برای او، -اش، -ش

ضمیر

Nurturing was in his personality.
Then a little man jumped out of the basket, took off his tall hat, and bowed very gracefully to the crowd of Mangaboos around him.

45

publishing/ˈpʌblɪʃɪŋ/

انتشارات

اسم

France is represented by the publishing firms of Ch.
Returning to Hungary, he was appointed professor of Oriental languages in the university of Budapest: there he settled down, contributing largely to periodicals, and publishing a number of books, chiefly in German and Hungarian.

issue  bring out  produce  print
make known  make public

46

contest/ˈkɑntɛst/

مسابقه

اسم

None of us would win a beauty contest, would we?
What is this, a contest between you guys?

competition  match  tournament  game  meet
event

47

many/ˈmen.i/

چندین تعداد زیاد، بسیار، خیلی

تخصیص گر

You ask too many questions.
He was such a wonderful person in so many ways.

numerous  a good deal of  a great deal of  a lot of  a great number of

48

my/maɪ/

[صفت ملکی اول شخص مفرد] مال من، -َم

تخصیص گر

But I warn you, if you don't tell me that this means war, if you still try to defend the infamies and horrors perpetrated by that Antichrist--I really believe he is Antichrist--I will have nothing more to do with you and you are no longer my friend, no longer my 'faithful slave,' as you call yourself!
It's just not my style.

49

pleasure/ˈplɛʒər/

مایه خوشبختی موجب خوشبختی

اسم

It was a pleasure to meet you.
Graceful, coordinated and a pleasure to watch.

happiness  delight  joy  gladness  rapture

50

friendly/ˈfren.dli/

دوستانه مهربان، صمیمی

صفت

"No problem," he answered in a friendly voice.
You weren't exactly friendly.

affectionate  affable  amiable  genial  congenial

51

colleague/ˈkɑlig/

همکار

اسم

The businessman wanted to be separated from his noisy colleague.
His colleague was Piet Joubert.

fellow worker  workmate  teammate  co-worker  associate

52

introduce/ˌɪn.trəˈduːs/

معرفی کردن

فعل

And why didn't he introduce her?
I'll introduce you when I find her.

institute  initiate  launch  inaugurate  establish

53

her/hɜːr/

[صفت ملکی مونث] -اش، -ش

تخصیص گر

54

UK/ju-keɪ/

پادشاهی متحد بریتانیا بریتانیا

اسم

Cornwall was one of the first counties in the UK to adopt this action plan approach.
The meeting culminates with the exhibition, which has now been seen by 25,000 visitors from the UK and Europe.

55

conversation/ˌkɑn.vərˈseɪ.ʃən/

گفت و گو مکالمه

اسم

Had he heard her conversation with Sarah?
I had no idea where this conversation was going.

discussion  talk  chat  gossip  tête-à-tête

56

team/tiːm/

تیم (ورزشی و ...)

اسم

A good leader makes a good team the best, as my father says.
I was on the chess team in college.

group  squad  side  band  bunch

57

company/ˈkʌm.pə.ni/

شرکت شرکا

اسم

I haven't had any female company in months.
Go and keep her company for ten minutes.

firm  business  corporation  house  establishment

58

hometown/ˈhoʊm.taʊn/

زادگاه شهر محل تولد

اسم

Many sites categorize people by their hometown, where they went to school and the different places they have worked, so you can browse through the people who went to your school or search for the name of someone you are looking for.
She is a volunteer firefighter in her hometown of Siler City, North Carolina.

59

her/hɜːr/

[ضمیر مفعولی سوم شخص مفرد مونث] او را، به او

ضمیر

60

opportunity/ˌɑp.ərˈtuː.nət̬.i/

فرصت

اسم

It was the perfect opportunity to test her theory.
This was a good opportunity to leave.

chance  lucky chance  good time  golden opportunity  time

61

where/wer/

کجا

قید

Was that where his father got all that money?
"Where are you?" he asked.

62

graphic designer/ˈgræfɪk dɪˈzaɪnər/

طراح گرافیک

اسم

63

pair/per/

جفت دو نفر/تا

اسم

Carmen made a ball out of a pair of socks.
You two make a fine pair, you know that?

set of two  set  matching set  matched set  two of a kind
two

64

Turkey/ˈtɜːrki/

ترکیه

اسم

"More like the turkey," she answered.
I happen to be going that way, and I will carry your turkey, if you will allow me.

65

financial manager/fəˈnænʃəl ˈmænəʤər/

مدیر مالی

اسم

66

studies/ˈstʌdiz/

تحصیلات

اسم

What would it have hurt to put her studies aside for one day?
I began my studies with eagerness.

learning  education  schooling  work  academic work

67

find/fɑɪnd/

پیدا کردن

فعل

I think I shall find them helpful.
I find it hard to believe you wouldn't help him if you could.

locate  spot  pinpoint  unearth  obtain

68

look/lʊk/

به نظر رسیدن

فعل

Do I look that bad?
Now look what you started.

glance  gaze  stare  gape  peer

69

Dubai/duˈbaɪ/

دبی (شهر)

اسم

Camel riding and sand surfing Dubai is one of the few places in the world where you can try sand surfing using a snowboard.
You'll be chatting it up in Paris, Dubai, Tokyo, and Sydney in no time in a perfectly seamless kind of way.

70

what/wɒt/

چی چه چیزی، آنچه

ضمیر

What time is it?
What is an earthquake?

71

positive/ˈpɑz.ət̬.ɪv/

مثبت خوش‌بین، خوش‌بینانه

صفت

Think positive, and pray.
I'm positive she didn't notice us the first time.

affirmative  favourable  approving  in the affirmative  good

72

very/ˈver.i/

خیلی بسیار

قید

You love him very much.
You're a very interesting person.

extremely  exceedingly  exceptionally  especially  tremendously

73

Internet/ˈɪntərnet/

اینترنت

اسم

The Internet has allowed for the creation of thousands of new ways to give, both time and money.
I recognized him from his silly Internet chatting.

74

informal/ɪnˈfɔːrml/

غیررسمی راحتی

صفت

Basically. Or would've been, if Darkyn hadn't decided to honor the informal deal he made with her.
So why would he suddenly want her to select the clothes he wore to an informal party where he knew no one.

casual  relaxed  easy-going  natural  unceremonious

75

country/ˈkʌn.tri/

کشور

اسم

The country was wild and beautiful.
His birth father already suspected she was a country bumpkin.

state  nation  sovereign state  kingdom  realm

76

survey/ˈsɜrˌveɪ/

پژوهش بررسی، مطالعه، پرسشنامه

اسم

A general was sent to survey the position.
He paused, turning to survey her with a faintly amused expression.

look at  look over  take a look at  observe  view

77

how/hɑʊ/

چقدر چند

قید

No matter how sorry Alex was for what happened, or how many times he apologized or tried to make up for it, he couldn't remove the hurt.
All she was doing was reminding him how powerless he was.

78

Korean/kɔˈriən/

کره‌ای [وابسته به کره و مردم آن]

صفت

Korean agriculture suffers from infamous roads, the want of the exchange of seed, and the insecurity of the gains of labour.
By both learned and popular belief in Korea Ki-tze is recognized as the founder of Korean social order, and is greatly reverenced.

79

your/jʊr/

[صفت ملکی دوم شخص مفرد و جمع]

تخصیص گر

What is your father's name?
"One of these wreaths." said the queen, "is made of flowers plucked from your garden.

80

identify/aɪˈdɛntəˌfaɪ/

تشخیص دادن شناسایی کردن

فعل

recognize  single out  pick out  spot  point out

81

formal/ˈfɔːrml/

رسمی

صفت

No. Do they ever have a formal dinner?
Alex was cordial to his father and formal to his sister.

ceremonial  ceremonious  ritualistic  ritual  conventional

82

language/ˈlæŋ.gwɪdʒ/

زبان

اسم

Of course, she could have used sign language, but that would have been distracting - and it wouldn't have been as personal.
Sorry 'bout the language, Ma'am.

speech  writing  communication  verbal expression  verbalization

83

beautiful/ˈbjuː.tɪ.fəl/

زیبا جذاب، خوشایند

صفت

Look at those big gray eyes and that beautiful red hair!
It's such a beautiful day.

attractive  pretty  handsome  good-looking  nice-looking

84

who/huː/

چه کسی کی

ضمیر

The boy who sat beside him was his son.
Who had handed it to her?

85

Mexico/ˈmɛksəˌkoʊ/

(کشور) مکزیک

اسم

New Mexico and Arizona are no better.
In Mexico the national government is carrying out a consistent policy of developing its railway lines.

86

Australian/ɔˈstreɪljən/

استرالیایی

اسم

There are no mountains behind the Great Australian Bight.
Another point agreed upon is that the Australian flora is one of vast antiquity.

87

compare/kəmˈper/

مقایسه کردن

فعل

I don't compare you to Josh.
Check her purse for something she wrote and compare it.

contrast  set side by side  juxtapose  collate  differentiate

88

favorite/ˈfeɪ.və.rɪt/

مورد علاقه

صفت

She's my favorite character.
Riding horses was one of her favorite pastimes, and the country out that way was gorgeous - winter or summer.

best-loved  most-liked  favoured  dearest  treasured

89

Mexican/ˈmɛksəkən/

مکزیکی [وابسته به مکزیک و مردم آن]

صفت

It's a descendant of the Mexican earless goat.
The Main Street Mexican restaurant was uncrowded on this winter evening.

90

city/ˈsɪt̬.i/

شهر

اسم

You should have called the city cops.
The three-story building looked big enough to cover a city block.

town  municipality  metropolis  megalopolis
conurbation  urban area

91

French/frɛnʧ/

فرانسوی

صفت

His French accent rolled off his deep voice in a way that made her smile.
I study French, too.

92

there/ðer/

آنجا [مکان]

قید

There was shopping and packing to be done before they left on vacation.
There isn't much to tell.

93

all over/ɔl ˈoʊvər/

همه جا سرتاسر

قید

94

other/ˈʌð.ər/

دیگر بقیه، آن یکی، دیگری

ضمیر

He closed the door and walked around to the other side.
In other words, it's none of my business.

alternative  different  dissimilar  disparate  distinct

95

provide/prəˈvaɪd/

فراهم کردن تدارک دیدن

فعل

supply  give  issue  furnish  lay out

96

interpreter/ɪnˈtɜrprətər/

مترجم (شفاهی)

اسم

He was a seer and interpreter of signs, and a man of considerable influence.
An interpreter rode up to the group.

translator  transcriber  transliterator  decipherer
dragoman
performer  presenter

97

nickname/ˈnɪkˌneɪm/

اسم مستعار نام خودمانی

اسم

He had never used the nickname – always before it had been Cynthia.
ABRAHAM-MEN, the nickname for vagrants who infested England in Tudor times.

sobriquet  byname  tag  label  familiar name

98

polish/ˈpɑlɪʃ/

لهستانی [وابسته به لهستان و مردم آن]

صفت

"Fingernail polish?" she parroted again.
This ill-timed parsimony reacted injuriously upon Polish politics.

shine  wax  buff  rub up  rub down
gloss

99

fantastic/fænˈtæs.tɪk/

خارق‌العاده عالی، بسیار خوب

صفت

"It was fantastic!" he pronounced.
The buildings were usually battlemented in fantastic form.

fanciful  extravagant  extraordinary  irrational  wild

100

world/wɜːld/

جهان دنیا

اسم

There's a world of good you could perform.
All the money in the world couldn't have saved her.

earth  globe  planet  sphere
planet  satellite

101

e-mail address/i-meɪl ˈæˌdrɛs/

آدرس ایمیل رایانامه

اسم

102

executive assistant/ɪgˈzɛkjətɪv əˈsɪstənt/

دستیار اجرایی منشی

اسم

103

Beirut/beɪˈrut/

بیروت [پایتخت لبنان]

اسم

Railways run from Beirut to Homs, Hamah, Aleppo and Damascus (French), and to the latter also from Haifa (Turkish).
Until then the Venetians held the carrying trade of India, which was brought by the Persian Gulf and Red sea into Syria and Egypt, the Venetians receiving the products of the East at Alexandria and Beirut and distributing them over Europe.

104

Swedish/ˈswidɪʃ/

سوئدی اهل سوئد

صفت

The Dutch trade was closed In 1814; the Swedish had been abolished in 1813.
Livonia continued to be under Swedish rule, and Lithuania remained united with Poland.

105

way/weɪ/

روش راه

اسم

I thought that was the best way to carry her.
Travel the way you wish to go.

method  course of action  process  procedure  technique

106

everyone/ˈev.riː.wʌn/

همه

ضمیر

Everyone was looking at her.
Everyone was staring at her as if they expected her to faint or something.

everybody  every person  each person  each one  each and every one

107

reason/ˈriː.zən/

دلیل توجیه

اسم

He had no reason to worry.
For some reason, he experienced a very realistic vision.

cause  grounds  ground  basis  rationale
motive

108

phrase/freɪz/

عبارت

اسم

She repeated the phrase over and over, searching for another meaning.
For more examples see noun phrase, adjectival phrase and adverbial phrase.

expression  group of words  word group  construction  clause

109

guidance/ˈgaɪdəns/

راهنمایی مشاوره

اسم

They need all the help and guidance they can get.
I had no real power and absolutely no guidance from you or anyone else on what my role was.

advice  counsel  direction  instruction  teaching

110

form/fɔːrm/

فرم

اسم

As she reached the tree, a large black furry form crashed into the trees ahead of her.
Sofia saw the tears form in her gaze.

shape  configuration  formation  conformation  structure

111

get/get/

دریافت کردن گرفتن، بدست آوردن

فعل

Let's get in out of this cold wind.
Here, then, I made my home; and although it is a lonely place I amuse myself making rustles and flutters, and so get along very nicely.

acquire  obtain  come by  come to have  come into possession of

112

personal/ˈpɜr.sən.əl/

شخصی خصوصی

صفت

We all have a personal life.
He was on a personal quest.

distinctive  characteristic  unique  individual  one's own

113

others/ˈʌðərz/

دیگران

ضمیر

If he treats me differently than others, I'm sure it's because we are married.
I'll take care of the others if you want to watch the kids.

alternative  different  dissimilar  disparate  distinct

114

meeting/ˈmiːt̬.ɪŋ/

جلسه قرار ملاقات

اسم

I hope your meeting goes well.
We've got a meeting at two and it's almost one-thirty now.

gathering  assembly  conference  congregation  convention

115

then/ðen/

سپس بعد، پس از آن

قید

Then he picked up another box.
Then he turned to do it all in reverse.

at that time  at that point  in those days
at that point in time  at that moment  on that occasion
next

116

great/greɪt/

عالی خیلی خوب

صفت

You're doing a great job.
It's great and I love it.

considerable  substantial  pronounced  sizeable  significant

117

salesperson/ˈseɪlzˌpɜr.sən/

فروشنده

اسم

You are being helped by an excellent salesperson who has been working there for twenty-five years.
Even an exceptional salesperson has an imperfect memory.

salesman  saleswoman  sales assistant  assistant  shop assistant

118

manager/ˈmæn.ɪdʒ.ər/

مدیر

اسم

executive  head of department  line manager  supervisor  principal

119

engineer/ˌen.dʒəˈnɪr/

مهندس

اسم

It was then fortified by the engineer.
He entered the army as an engineer, and attained the rank of captain.

designer  planner  builder  architect  producer

120

age/eɪdʒ/

سن

اسم

He sold his first painting at age fifteen – something like $17,000.
At her age, the words sounded strange.

number of years  lifetime  duration  length of life
stage of life  generation

121

likewise/ˈlaɪˌkwaɪz/

همچنین هم، همینطور

قید

Grateful to him, she was likewise anxious to leave the island before the beast returned and flew off the handle.
You've gone so far as to eliminate some of the enemies who likewise stumbled across her.

also  in addition  too  as well  by the same token

122

social media/ˈsoʊʃəl ˈmidiə/

رسانه اجتماعی

اسم

123

originally/əˈrɪʤənəli/

در آغاز در ابتدا، در اصل

قید

The deity originally preordained to be his mate.
"It's because he was originally human," Toby said.

at first  first  at the beginning  in the beginning  to begin with

124

visitor/ˈvɪzɪtər/

ملاقات‌کننده بازدیدکننده، مهمان

اسم

"You may have a visitor... yesterday," I said as I hung up.
You didn't have a visitor last night.

guest  caller
company
visitant
tourist  traveller  holidaymaker  day tripper

125

someone/ˈsʌm.wʌn/

کسی

ضمیر

126

marital status/ˈmɛrətəl ˈstætəs/

وضعیت تاهل

اسم

127

nationality/ˌnæʃ.əˈnæl.ət̬.i/

ملیت

اسم

Nationality of Immigrants to the United States, 1901-1905.
The two parts of this play, like all those by Castro, have the genuine ring of the old romances; and, from their intense nationality, no less than for their primitive poetry and flowing versification, were among the most popular pieces of their day.

citizenship
the right to hold a passport
ethnic group  ethnic minority  tribe  clan  race

128

Japanese/ˌʤæpəˈniz/

ژاپنی [وابسته به ژاپن و مردم آن]

صفت

The Japanese have produced few books of importance, and their compositions are chiefly remarkable as being lighter and more secular than is usual in Asia, but the older Chinese works take high rank both for their merits and the effect they have had.
The Japanese books are very odd.

129

musician/mjʊˈzɪʃ.ən/

نوازنده موسیقیدان

اسم

They were sons of a musician and poet, Jonas Columbus (1586-1663).
Proculus (containing the tomb of the musician Pergolesi, d.

player  performer  instrumentalist  accompanist  soloist

130

around/əˈrɑʊnd/

سرتاسر

قید

He put an arm around her waist and kissed her cheek.
Turning the truck around, he headed back down the drive.

on every side  on all sides  in all directions  throughout  all over

131

Lebanon/ˈlɛbənən/

کشور لبنان

اسم

Baal of Tyre, of Lebanon, &c., are frequent; see G.
Cedrus Libani, the far-famed Cedar of Lebanon, is a tree which, on account of its beauty, stateliness and strength, has always been a favourite with poets and painters, and which, in the figurative language of prophecy, is frequently employed in the Scriptures as a symbol of power, prosperity and longevity.

132

man/mæn/

مرد

اسم

The little man shook his bald head.
He didn't look like a rich man, but then, what did a rich man look like?

male  adult male  gentleman  youth
guy  fellow

133

artist/ˈɑːrtɪst/

هنرمند نقاش

اسم

Everyone wanted to meet the artist and discuss the work they were interested in.
He was a master printer and an artist of the first order.

creator  originator  designer  producer  fine artist
old master
begetter
expert

134

Chinese/ʧaɪˈniz/

چینی

صفت

Chinese nurse came to see me, her name was Asu.
"Since we're here …" Traci said, eyes going to a Chinese buffet.

135

keep in touch/kip ɪn tʌʧ/

در ارتباط بودن ارتباط خود (را با کسی) حفظ کردن

عبارت

136

idea/ɑɪˈdiː.ə/

ایده فکر

اسم

concept  notion  conception  conceptualization  thought

137

actually/ˈæk.tʃu.ə.li/

در واقع واقعا، راستش

قید

Had anyone actually told her that or had she merely assumed it?
Was he actually avoiding conversation with his father?

really  in fact  in actual fact  in point of fact  as a matter of fact

138

focus/ˈfoʊkəs/

تمرکز کردن

فعل

She shook her head, her focus back on Alex.
Carmen tried to focus on Felipa, but her mind was full of questions.

centre  focal point  central point  centre of attention  hub

139

also/ˈɔːl.soʊ/

همچنین علاوه بر این

قید

Aside from packing, there was also decorating to be done.
Also, my hat is quite empty.

too  as well  besides  in addition  additionally

140

violinist/ˌvaɪəˈlɪnɪst/

ویولن زن نوازنده ویولن

اسم

He appeared in public as a violinist, taking part in Chappell's quartette concerts, and starting a set of classical concerts.
SIR ALEXANDER CAMPBELL MACKENZIE (1847-), British composer, son of an eminent Edinburgh violinist and conductor, was born on the 22nd of August 1847.

141

Where are you from?/wɛr ɑr ju frʌm?/

اهل کجایی؟ کجایی هستید؟

جمله

142

get to know/gɛt tu noʊ/

(کسی را) شناختن آشنا شدن

فعل

143

family name/ˈfæməli neɪm/

نام خانوادگی

اسم

144

woman/ˈwʊm.ən/

زن خانم

اسم

A woman has a right to protect herself – any way she can.
You are the most beautiful woman I have ever seen.

lady  girl  member of the fair sex  member of the gentle sex  female
matron

145

fewer/ˈfjuər/

کمتر

قید

At least for the present, the fewer people who knew, the better.
One little girl had fewer presents than the rest, and Helen insisted on sharing her gifts with her.

not many  hardly any  scarcely any
a small number of  a small amount of  a small quantity of

146

celebrity/səˈlɛbrɪti/

آدم مشهور سلبریتی

اسم

fame  prominence  renown  eminence  pre-eminence

147

job/dʒɑːb/

شغل کار

اسم

Hopefully, she could get her job at the diner.
We can handle this job by ourselves.

position of employment  position  post  situation  place

148

Chile/ˈtʃɪli/

شیلی

اسم

Sulphur is worked in Chile and Peru.
Other Conifers Araucaria inzbricata, Chile pine or monkey-puzzle).

149

Canadian/kəˈneɪdiən/

کانادایی [مربوط به کانادا]

صفت

But first, I feel the urge to partake of Canadian hospitality.
In opposition to the Canadian Pacific railway a southern line was built from Winnipeg to the American boundary.

150

work/wˈɜːrk/

کار کردن

فعل

It did work this morning.
After Alex goes to work and Jonathan goes to school, Destiny and I do the chores.

labour  toil  exertion  effort  slog

151

acquaint/əˈkweɪnt/

آشنا کردن آگاه کردن، مطلع کردن

فعل

Acquaint thyself with a physician before thou have need of him.
In the last part of his work he made a praiseworthy attempt to acquaint the Greeks with the character and early history of the Romans.

familiarize  make familiar  make conversant  get up to date  keep up to date
accustom to

152

handsome/ˈhæn.səm/

خوش‌تیپ جذاب، خوش‌قیافه

صفت

And how handsome they both are!
That guy was a mighty handsome stud.

good-looking  nice-looking  attractive  personable  striking

153

Chilean/ˈtʃɪliən/

شیلیایی

صفت

on the Chilean frontier.
(British), the Compania Sud-America (Chilean), the Kosmos and Roland lines (German), the Merchants line (New York), and a Japanese line from the ports of Japan and China.

154

person/ˈpɜr.sən/

فرد نفر، شخص

اسم

Do you expect to find this person in Ashley?
A person couldn't be in control all the time - right all the time.

human being  individual  man  woman  human

155

people/ˈpiː.pəl/

مردم چند نفر، افراد

اسم

Most people will tell you anything you want to know.
People on top of the earth are all meat.

human beings  persons  individuals  humans  mankind

156

phone call/foʊn kɔl/

تماس تلفنی

اسم

157

given name/ˈgɪvən neɪm/

اسم کوچک نام

اسم

158

website/ˈweb.saɪt/

تارنما وب سایت

اسم

Maybe there's an 'I hate Jackson Parrish' website out there.
The military doesn't buy their haircuts, website design, or piano lessons.

159

Argentinian/ˌɑrʤənˈtɪniən/

آرژانتینی [وابسته به کشور آرژانتین]

صفت

I politely squeezed past three Argentinian cattle barons for a closer look.
The Argentinian peso was pegged to the dollar and was made freely convertible.

160

call/kɔːl/

نامیدن صدا زدن، صدا کردن

فعل

He was going to call the doctor.
Do you want me to call Len?

cry out  cry  shout  yell  sing out

161

Mr./ˈmɪs.tər/

آقا

اسم

162

complete/kəmˈpliːt/

کامل کردن تکمیل کردن

فعل

It's a nice house, a keen house, complete with a front porch and swing.
Was she a complete fool?

entire  whole  full  total  intact

163

question/ˈkwes.tʃən/

سوال پرسش

اسم

The big question was, would her confidence last?
Did Mom question Dad?

inquiry  query
interrogation  examination
quiz  quizzing
doubt  dispute

164

automotive/ˌɔtəˈmoʊtɪv/

خودرو [وابسته به وسایل نقلیه]

صفت

They had the hindsight of 60 years of automotive development.
Automotive industry statistics can provide a fascinating look at the ups and downs of this important industry, and they may even help predict the future for car companies and other automotive businesses.

165

four-star/fɔr-stɑr/

چهار ستاره

صفت

They were accommodated in four-star comfort.
dryry spicing up soy sauce by adding four star anise, three dried chillies and twenty peppercorns to 300 ml soy.

166

spell/spel/

هجی کردن

فعل

I think you put a spell on me, sweetheart.
Like Dracula, he was putting her under his spell again.

lead to  result in  bring about  bring on  cause

167

Italy/ˈɪtəli/

ایتالیا

اسم

He was United States minister to Italy from 1882 to 1885.
"Are you lately from Italy?" he asked.

168

wonderful/ˈwʌn.dər.fəl/

شگفت‌انگیز

صفت

He was such a wonderful person in so many ways.
What a wonderful story.

marvellous  magnificent  superb  glorious  sublime

169

Korea/kɔˈriə/

کشور کره

اسم

The geology of Korea is very imperfectly known.
Similar flows on a smaller scale occur in Manchuria, Korea and northern China.

170

common/ˈkɑmən/

متداول رایج

صفت

She will only utilize it for common good.
We have a lot in common, you know?

ordinary  normal  typical  average  unexceptional

171

underline/ˌʌn.dərˈlɑɪn/

زیر چیزی خط کشیدن

فعل

Make a choice list and underline your top choices.
The teacher asked us to underline the adverb we used in each sentence.

underscore  mark  pick out  emphasize  highlight
italicize
emphasize

172

office/ˈɔː.fɪs/

شرکت دفتر کار، اداره

اسم

I've repaired the computers in your office, too.
Alex decided to build a room upstairs for his office, out of the reach of Destiny's exploring hands.

place of business  place of work  workplace  workroom  studio
headquarters

173

title/ˈtaɪtl/

عنوان نام، اسم

اسم

My brother inherited the title when he died.
Do you think money and title are the only reasons to marry?

name  subtitle
subject
caption  legend  inscription  label

174

Brazilian/brəˈzɪljən/

برزیلی [وابسته به برزیل و مردم آن]

صفت

Marie galante is a harsh cotton of the Peruvian or Brazilian type.
On the 9th of December 1905 protocols were signed at Caracas accepting the line between Cucuhy and the Serra Cupuy located in 1880, and referring the remainder, which had been located by a Brazilian commission in 1882 and 1884, to a mixed commission for verification.

175

Ms./mɪz/

خانم دوشیزه

اسم

176

Sweden/ˈswidən/

سوئد

اسم

LINKOPING, a city of Sweden, the seat of a bishop, and chief town of the district (lan) of Ostergotland.
This is the oldest industrial corporation in Sweden, and perhaps the oldest still existing in the world; it is known to have been established before 1347.

177

booster/ˈbuːstər/

تقویت‌کننده

اسم

While state laws vary, the evidence and recommendations are clear; keep your child in a booster seat until he or she reaches a height of at least 4 feet 9 inches to help prevent injuries in a car crash.
booster seat on the market.

178

hotel/hoʊˈtel/

هتل

اسم

Well, if they turn you out, we'll just get a room at a hotel in Bartlesville.
If you want me to get a hotel room, I totally understand.

inn
motel  boarding house  guest house  lodge  bed and breakfast

179

Italian/ɪˈtæljən/

ایتالیایی [وابسته به ایتالیا و مردم آن]

صفت

180

native speaker/ˌneɪtɪv ˈspiːkər/

بومی متکلم بومی

اسم

181

intonation/ɪntəˈneɪʃən/

آهنگ (زبان‌شناسی) تکیه صدا

اسم

She displayed beautiful intonation and reached the A flat without even a hint of shrillness.
But there is a wealth of verbal derivatives, the vocabulary is copious, and the intonation harmonious.

inflection  pitch  tone  timbre  cadence

182

noun/nɑʊn/

اسم

اسم

What does the noun "incorporation" mean?
Be careful to use a singular pronoun with a singular noun in your writing.

183

tour guide/ˈtʊrˌgɑɪd/

راهنمای گردش

اسم

184

raise/reɪz/

بزرگ کردن

فعل

I can raise the baby...
It looks like a fine place to raise children.

lift  lift up  raise aloft  elevate
uplift  upraise

185

live/lɪv/

زندگی کردن

فعل

I live with my mother and daughter.
You're trying to live like your parents, Carmen.

exist  be alive  be  have being  have life
breathe

186

bet/bet/

مطمئن بودن (عامیانه)

فعل

Sure, the million dollar offer was withdrawn but I'll bet there are thousands of people out there who would still pay a fortune to own Howie.
I bet he's a virgin!

wager  gamble  stake  risk  venture

187

possessive/pəˈzes.ɪv/

ملکی (دستور زبان)

صفت

He wondered if she felt as possessive of her art as he did his music.
The possessive pronoun follows the object.

proprietorial  overprotective  clinging  controlling  dominating

188

Mrs./ˈmɪs.ɪz/

خانم

اسم

189

repeat/rəˈpiːt/

تکرار کردن

فعل

He had to repeat the question.
Could you repeat that?

say again  restate  reiterate  go through again  go over again

190

US/ˌjuː ˈes/

آمریکا

اسم

You didn't tell us it was her birthday.
I hope he likes us all.

191

pronoun/ˈproʊ.nɑʊn/

ضمیر

اسم

The possessive pronoun follows the object.
In English the third person singular pronoun is he, she or it.

192

occupation/ˌɑk.jəˈpeɪ.ʃən/

شغل حرفه

اسم

There's no doubt about her occupation now, is there?
Although there is evidence of Roman and Saxon occupation of the site, the earliest mention of Brighton (Bristelmeston, Brichelmestone, Brighthelmston) is the Domesday Book record that its three manors belonged to Earl Godwin and were held by William de Warenne.

job  day job  profession  work  line of work

193

guest/gest/

مهمان

اسم

He was only a guest until they reached Ashley.
The guest room was redone in race cars and Disney characters.

visitor  caller
company
visitant
patron  client  person staying
boarder  lodger

194

adjective/ˈædʒ.ɪk.tɪv/

صفت

اسم

Pick an adjective from the title.
It is important to study the various adjective forms.

195

France/fræns/

فرانسه

اسم

One day King Henry the Fourth of France was hunting in a large forest.
If this had been the Tour de France, he'd still be on the road.

196

again/əˈgen/

دوباره از نو

قید

She fell asleep again when he left the room.
Again she leaned back so she could see his face.

once more  one more time  another time  a second time  afresh

197

traveler/ˈtræv.ə.lər/

مسافر

اسم

The traveler was soon at the door.
I need more people, boss, or a Traveler at least.

passenger  tourist  tripper  tourer  journeyer

198

British/ˈbrɪtɪʃ/

بریتانیایی انگلیسی

اسم

Megan spoke with a gentle British lilt, and her dark eyes took in everything as they walked.
"Ully, you're not supposed to be down here!" she called without turning in a distinct British accent.

199

born/bɔːrn/

متولد شده به دنیا آمده

فعل

The accent says otherwise, but I was born in New York.
Embrace it like a new born child.

200

time/tɑɪm/

دفعه بار

اسم

It isn't the first time I've cooked.
Did you need time away from me?

hour
o'clock
moment  point  point in time  occasion  hour

201

when/wen/

درحالی که زمانی که، هر وقت، وقتی

حرف ربط

When she glanced at him, he was eyeing her, a wry smile twisting his lips.
As always, he had been there when she needed him.

202

billion/ˈbɪl.jən/

میلیارد

اسم

In 2006, roughly a billion people had access to the Internet.
A billion different stories and experiences.

203

computer programmer/kəmˈpjutər ˈproʊˌgræmər/

برنامه‌نویس رایانه

اسم

204

free time/fri taɪm/

وقت آزاد اوقات فراغت

اسم

205

little/ˈlɪt̬.əl/

کم سن کوچولو

صفت

The little man shook his bald head.
He was quite an old little man and his head was long and entirely bald.

small  small-scale  compact
mini  miniature  tiny

206

capitalization/ˌkæpɪtəlɪˈzeɪʃən/

با حرف بزرگ نوشتن بزرگ نوشتن حرف اول یک کلمه

اسم

207

business/ˈbɪz.nɪs/

کار تجارت، داد و ستد، شغل، حرفه، کسب و کار

اسم

I mean, I could still have my business in town.
In business transactions Alex was frugal with his money, but when it came to his family, he was generous.

work  line of work  line  occupation  profession

208

practice/ˈpræk.təs/

تمرین کردن

فعل

Everything gets better with practice, Carmen.
I know it was back when baseball practice start­ed.

application  exercise  use  operation  implementation

209

over/ˈoʊ.vər/

آن طرف

حرف اضافه

He is famous all over the world.
What are you doing over here?

above  on top of  higher than  higher up than  atop
across

210

United Arab Emirates/juˈnaɪtəd ˈærəb ˈɛmərəts/

امارات متحده عربی امارات

اسم

211

Uruguay/ˈjɜrəˌgweɪ/

اروگوئه (کشور)

اسم

Many of the hollow agates of Brazil and Uruguay contain a crop of amethyst-crystals in the interior.
along the Uruguay on the west.

212

young/jʌŋ/

جوان کم سن

صفت

The young girl ran off without a word.
"Oh, there is no need of that," said the voice, which from its gentle tones seemed to belong to a young girl.

youthful  juvenile
junior  adolescent  teenage  teenaged
immature

213

singular/ˈsɪŋ.gjə.lər/

مفرد

اسم

His position was one of singular difficulty.
The word was a singular impression of anguish and surprise.

remarkable  extraordinary  exceptional  outstanding  striking

214

watch/wɒtʃ/

تماشا کردن نگاه کردن

فعل

observe  view  look at  eye  gaze at

215

miss/mɪs/

خانم

اسم

fail to hit  be wide of  go wide of  fall short of
fail to catch  drop

216

what/wɒt/

چه

تخصیص گر

What time is it?
What is an earthquake?

217

several/ˈsev.rəl/

چند چندین

تخصیص گر

After several rings, it went to the message.
On the way across the open water, they saw several dolphins.

some  a number of  a few  not very many  a handful of



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